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Janina Kahn-Horwitz; Zahava Goldstein – Language Testing, 2024
In order to inform English foreign language (EFL) diagnostic assessment of literacy, this study examined the extent to which 175 first-language Hebrew-speaking EFL young learners from fifth to tenth grade exhibited differences in single-letter grapheme recognition, sub-word, and word reading, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) of letters and…
Descriptors: Spelling, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Xiaoting Shi; Xiaomei Ma; Wenbo Du; Xuliang Gao – Language Testing, 2024
Cognitive diagnostic assessment (CDA) intends to identify learners' strengths and weaknesses in latent cognitive attributes to provide personalized remedial instructions. Previous CDA studies on English as a Foreign Language (EFL)/English as a Second Language (ESL) writing have adopted dichotomous cognitive diagnostic models (CDMs) to analyze data…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Writing Tests, Diagnostic Tests, English (Second Language)
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Jennifer Randall; Mya Poe; David Slomp; Maria Elena Oliveri – Language Testing, 2024
Educational assessments, from kindergarden to 12th grade (K-12) to licensure, have a long, well-documented history of oppression and marginalization. In this paper, we (the authors) ask the field of educational assessment/measurement to actively disrupt the White supremacist and racist logics that fuel this marginalization and re-orient itself…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Test Validity, Justice, Kindergarten
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Ramsey L. Cardwell; Steven W. Nydick; J.R. Lockwood; Alina A. von Davier – Language Testing, 2024
Applicants must often demonstrate adequate English proficiency when applying to postsecondary institutions by taking an English language proficiency test, such as the TOEFL iBT, IELTS Academic, or Duolingo English Test (DET). Concordance tables aim to provide equivalent scores across multiple assessments, helping admissions officers to make fair…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Language Tests, Language Proficiency
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Louise Palmour – Language Testing, 2024
This article explores the nature of the construct underlying classroom-based English for academic purpose (EAP) oral presentation assessments, which are used, in part, to determine admission to programmes of study at UK universities. Through analysis of qualitative data (from questionnaires, interviews, rating discussions, and fieldnotes), the…
Descriptors: English for Academic Purposes, Public Speaking, College Students, Foreign Countries
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Jeffrey Stewart; Henrik Gyllstad; Christopher Nicklin; Stuart McLean – Language Testing, 2024
The purpose of this paper is to (a) establish whether meaning recall and meaning recognition item formats test psychometrically distinct constructs of vocabulary knowledge which measure separate skills, and, if so, (b) determine whether each construct possesses unique properties predictive of L2 reading proficiency. Factor analyses and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Psychometrics, Language Tests, Recall (Psychology)
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Dongil Shin – Language Testing, 2024
This paper addresses the intersection of testing and policy, situating test-driven impact and validation within the context of policy-led educational reform in Korea. I will briefly review the existing validation models. Then, arguing for an expansion of the conventional conceptualization of consequential validity research, I use Fairclough's…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Discourse Analysis, Test Validity, Educational Change
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Ray J. T. Liao; Renka Ohta; Kwangmin Lee – Language Testing, 2024
As integrated writing tasks in large-scale and classroom-based writing assessments have risen in popularity, research studies have increasingly concentrated on providing validity evidence. Given the fact that most of these studies focus on adult second language learners rather than younger ones, this study examined the relationship between written…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Writing Evaluation, English Language Learners, Discourse Analysis
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Beverly Baker; Angel Arias; Louis-David Bibeau; Yiwei Qin; Margret Norenberg; Jennifer St-John – Language Testing, 2024
Placement tests are used to support a particular need in a local context--to determine the best starting place for a student entering a specific programme of language study. This brief report will focus on the development of an innovative placement test with self-directed elements for our local needs at a university in Canada for students studying…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Placement Tests, Personal Autonomy, Test Construction
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Corrine Occhino; Ryan Lidster; Leah C. Geer; Jason Listman; Peter C. Hauser – Language Testing, 2024
We describe the development and initial validation of the "ASL Fingerspelling and Number Comprehension Test" (ASL FaN-CT), a test of recognition proficiency for fingerspelled words in American Sign Language (ASL). Despite the relative frequency of fingerspelling in ASL discourse, learners commonly struggle to produce and perceive…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Test Construction, Finger Spelling, Test Validity
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Daniel R. Isbell; Dustin Crowther; Hitoshi Nishizawa – Language Testing, 2024
The extrapolation of test scores to a target domain - that is, association between test performances and relevant real-world outcomes - is critical to valid score interpretation and use. This study examined the relationship between Duolingo English Test (DET) speaking scores and university stakeholders' evaluation of DET speaking performances. A…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Language Tests, Higher Education, Stakeholders
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Haiwei Zhang; Peng Sun; Yaowaluk Bianglae; Winda Widiawati – Language Testing, 2024
In order to address the needs of the continually growing number of Chinese language learners, the present study developed and presented initial validation of a 100-item Chinese vocabulary proficiency test (CVPT) for learners of Chinese as a second/foreign language (CS/FL) using Item Response Theory among 170 CS/FL learners from Indonesia and 354…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Vocabulary, Language Proficiency, Language Tests
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Yunwen Su; Sun-Young Shin – Language Testing, 2024
Rating scales that language testers design should be tailored to the specific test purpose and score use as well as reflect the target construct. Researchers have long argued for the value of data-driven scales for classroom performance assessment, because they are specific to pedagogical tasks and objectives, have rich descriptors to offer useful…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Language Tests, Test Construction, Performance Based Assessment
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Okim Kang; Xun Yan; Maria Kostromitina; Ron Thomson; Talia Isaacs – Language Testing, 2024
This study aimed to answer an ongoing validity question related to the use of nonstandard English accents in international tests of English proficiency and associated issues of test fairness. More specifically, we examined (1) the extent to which different or shared English accents had an impact on listeners' performances on the Duolingo listening…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Nonstandard Dialects
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Takanori Sato – Language Testing, 2024
Assessing the content of learners' compositions is a common practice in second language (L2) writing assessment. However, the construct definition of content in L2 writing assessment potentially underrepresents the target competence in content and language integrated learning (CLIL), which aims to foster not only L2 proficiency but also critical…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Content and Language Integrated Learning, Writing Evaluation, Writing Tests
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