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Choi, Ikkyu; Papageorgiou, Spiros – Language Testing, 2020
Stakeholders of language tests are often interested in subscores. However, reporting a subscore is not always justified; a subscore should provide reliable and distinct information to be worth reporting. When a subscore is used for decisions across multiple levels (e.g., individual test takers and schools), it needs to be justified for its…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Scores
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Trace, Jonathan – Language Testing, 2020
Originally designed to measure reading and passage comprehension in L1 readers, cloze tests continue to be used for L2 assessment purposes. However, there remain disputes about whether or not cloze items can measure beyond local comprehension information, as well as whether or not they are purely a test of reading alone, or if performance can be…
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Native Language
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Cai, Yuyang; Kunnan, Antony John – Language Testing, 2020
An essential hypothesis of modern language assessment theory pertains to the interaction between strategy use ability (strategic competence) and second language knowledge. However, how they interact with each other is rarely explored. Drawing on relevant research in the literature, in this paper we proposed three interaction patterns (i.e.,…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Nursing Education, Reading Tests
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Youn, Soo Jung – Language Testing, 2020
This qualitative study reports an investigation of the nature of interactional competence at various levels of achievement in the context of role-play speaking assessment. The focal point of this study is on how examinees jointly accomplish the interactional work involved in proposal sequences in role-play interaction. Based on a conversation…
Descriptors: Role Playing, Interaction, Test Validity, Communicative Competence (Languages)
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Kim, Ahyoung Alicia; Chapman, Mark; Kondo, Akira; Wilmes, Carsten – Language Testing, 2020
This study investigated the assessment literacy required for K-12 educators to interpret score reports from a K-12 English language proficiency assessment. The assessment in concern is ACCESS for ELLs, which is an annual summative assessment that is delivered to nearly 2 million English learners (ELs) across 39 US states and territories. This…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Elementary Secondary Education, Assessment Literacy, Language Tests
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Zhang, Xian; Liu, Jianda; Ai, Haiyang – Language Testing, 2020
The main purpose of this study is to investigate guessing in the Yes/No (YN) format vocabulary test. One-hundred-and-five university students took a YN test, a translation task and a multiple-choice vocabulary size test (MC VST). With matched lexical properties between the real words and the pseudowords, pseudowords could index guessing in the YN…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Tests, Test Format, College Students
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Drackert, Anastasia; Timukova, Anna – Language Testing, 2020
In view of the ubiquitous increase in the use of C-tests, which are almost unanimously believed to measure general language proficiency, this study investigates whether the aspects of language proficiency tapped into by the C-test format are the same when the test is taken by a learner population other than that of foreign language learners.…
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Language Tests, Russian, Second Language Learning
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Rukthong, Anchana; Brunfaut, Tineke – Language Testing, 2020
Integrated test tasks, such as listening-to-speak or reading-to-write, are increasingly used in second language assessment despite relatively limited empirical insights into what they assess. Most research on integrated tasks has primarily focused on the productive skills involved; studies exploring the receptive skills mostly investigated tasks…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension Tests, Recall (Psychology), Oral Language, Linguistic Input
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Frost, Kellie; Clothier, Josh; Huisman, Annemiek; Wigglesworth, Gillian – Language Testing, 2020
Integrated speaking tasks requiring test takers to read and/or listen to stimulus texts and to incorporate their content into oral performances are now used in large-scale, high-stakes tests, including the TOEFL iBT. These tasks require test takers to identify, select, and combine relevant source text information to recognize key relationships…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Scoring Rubrics, Speech Communication, English (Second Language)
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Yan, Xun; Staples, Shelley – Language Testing, 2020
The argument-based approach to validity (Kane, 2013) focuses on two steps: (1) making claims about the proposed interpretation and use of test scores as a coherent, interpretive argument; and (2) evaluating those claims based on theoretical and empirical evidence related to test performances and scores. This paper discusses the role of…
Descriptors: Writing Tests, Language Tests, Language Proficiency, Test Validity
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May, Lyn; Nakatsuhara, Fumiyo; Lam, Daniel; Galaczi, Evelina – Language Testing, 2020
In this paper we report on a project in which we developed tools to support the classroom assessment of learners' interactional competence (IC) and provided learning oriented feedback in the context of preparation for a high-stakes face-to-face speaking test. Six trained examiners provided stimulated verbal reports (n = 72) on 12 paired…
Descriptors: Intercultural Communication, High Stakes Tests, Feedback (Response), Evaluators
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Chan, Stephanie W. Y.; Cheung, Wai Ming; Huang, Yanli; Lam, Wai-Ip; Lin, Chin-Hsi – Language Testing, 2020
Demand for second-language (L2) Chinese education for kindergarteners has grown rapidly, but little is known about these kindergarteners' L2 skills, with existing studies focusing on school-age populations and alphabetic languages. Accordingly, we developed a six-subtest Chinese character acquisition assessment to measure L2 kindergarteners'…
Descriptors: Chinese, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Written Language
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McLean, Stuart; Stewart, Jeffrey; Batty, Aaron Olaf – Language Testing, 2020
Vocabulary's relationship to reading proficiency is frequently cited as a justification for the assessment of L2 written receptive vocabulary knowledge. However, to date, there has been relatively little research regarding which modalities of vocabulary knowledge have the strongest correlations to reading proficiency, and observed differences have…
Descriptors: Prediction, Reading Tests, Language Proficiency, Test Items
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Khabbazbashi, Nahal; Galaczi, Evelina D. – Language Testing, 2020
This mixed methods study examined holistic, analytic, and part marking models (MMs) in terms of their measurement properties and impact on candidate CEFR classifications in a semi-direct online speaking test. Speaking performances of 240 candidates were first marked holistically and by part (phase 1). On the basis of phase 1 findings--which…
Descriptors: Holistic Approach, Classification, Grading, Language Tests
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Sahan, Özgür; Razi, Salim – Language Testing, 2020
This study examines the decision-making behaviors of raters with varying levels of experience while assessing EFL essays of distinct qualities. The data were collected from 28 raters with varying levels of rating experience and working at the English language departments of different universities in Turkey. Using a 10-point analytic rubric, each…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Essays, Writing Evaluation, Evaluators
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