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Guiberson, Mark – Language Testing, 2019
This study will demonstrate that group differences on a morphosyntactic measure used for the identification of specific language impairment (SLI) do not guarantee validity for diagnosis and tracking, and will exemplify this with a case study of the Spanish version of the "Clinical Evaluation of Preschool Language-2 Estructura de…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Content Validity, Language Impairments, Morphology (Languages)
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Mizumoto, Atsushi; Sasao, Yosuke; Webb, Stuart A. – Language Testing, 2019
The knowledge about affix plays a vital role in the development of word knowledge and vocabulary acquisition. A test for diagnostic information on the level of affix knowledge would be useful in order to inform the test users of what learners have gained or lacked in this integral component of vocabulary knowledge. This paper reports the…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Adaptive Testing, College Students, English (Second Language)
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Hsieh, Ching-Ni; Wang, Yuan – Language Testing, 2019
This study investigated a range of fluency, grammar, vocabulary, and content features of young language students' speaking performances, using a discourse-analytic approach. In total, 179 test takers' responses to the speaking section of the "TOEFL Junior"® Comprehensive test were selected for analysis. Mixed-design ANOVAs were used to…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Grammar
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Beigman Klebanov, Beata; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Kaufer, David; Yeoh, Paul; Ishizaki, Suguru – Language Testing, 2019
Essay writing is a common type of constructed-response task used frequently in standardized writing assessments. However, the impromptu timed nature of the essay writing tests has drawn increasing criticism for the lack of authenticity for real-world writing in classroom and workplace settings. The goal of this paper is to contribute evidence to a…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Writing Tests, Writing Skills, Persuasive Discourse
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Barkaoui, Khaled – Language Testing, 2019
This study aimed to examine the sources of variability in the second-language (L2) writing scores of test-takers who repeated an English language proficiency test, the Pearson Test of English (PTE) Academic, multiple times. Examining repeaters' test scores can provide important information concerning factors contributing to "changes" in…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Writing Tests, Scores, English (Second Language)
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Košak-Babuder, Milena; Kormos, Judit; Ratajczak, Michael; Pižorn, Karmen – Language Testing, 2019
One of the special arrangements in testing contexts is to allow dyslexic students to listen to the text while they read. In our study, we investigated the effect of read-aloud assistance on young English learners' language comprehension scores. We also examined whether students with dyslexia identification benefit from this assistance differently…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Identification, Scores, English (Second Language)
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Plakans, Lia; Gebril, Atta; Bilki, Zeynep – Language Testing, 2019
The present study investigates integrated writing assessment performances with regard to the linguistic features of complexity, accuracy, and fluency (CAF). Given the increasing presence of integrated tasks in large-scale and classroom assessments, validity evidence is needed for the claim that their scores reflect targeted language abilities.…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Language Tests, Scores, Writing Evaluation
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Llosa, Lorena; Malone, Margaret E. – Language Testing, 2019
Investigating the comparability of students' performance on TOEFL writing tasks and actual academic writing tasks is essential to provide backing for the extrapolation inference in the TOEFL validity argument (Chapelle, Enright, & Jamieson, 2008). This study compared 103 international non-native-English-speaking undergraduate students'…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Macqueen, Susy; Knoch, Ute; Wigglesworth, Gillian; Nordlinger, Rachel; Singer, Ruth; McNamara, Tim; Brickle, Rhianna – Language Testing, 2019
All educational testing is intended to have consequences, which are assumed to be beneficial, but tests may also have unintended, negative consequences (Messick, 1989). The issue is particularly important in the case of large-scale standardized tests, such as Australia's "National Assessment Program--Literacy and Numeracy" (NAPLAN), the…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Standardized Tests, National Curriculum, Testing Programs
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Yan, Xun; Cheng, Lixia; Ginther, April – Language Testing, 2019
This study investigated the construct validity of a local speaking test for international teaching assistants (ITAs) from a fairness perspective, by employing a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the impact of task type and examinee first language (L1) background on the internal structure of the test. The test consists of…
Descriptors: Scores, Language Tests, Teaching Assistants, Culture Fair Tests
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Yoo, Hanwook; Manna, Venessa F.; Monfils, Lora F.; Oh, Hyeon-Joo – Language Testing, 2019
This study illustrates the use of score equity assessment (SEA) for evaluating the fairness of reported test scores from assessments intended for test takers from diverse cultural, linguistic, and educational backgrounds, using a workplace English proficiency test. Subgroups were defined by test-taker background characteristics that research has…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Culture Fair Tests, Test Validity
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Leaper, David A.; Brawn, James R. – Language Testing, 2019
This paper is an investigation into the use of the group oral discussion test (GOT) to detect changes in speaking proficiency over a two-year period. In this test, three or four test-takers discuss a topic for up to 10 minutes without outside intervention. The performance of 53 Japanese university English major students on this test was videoed…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Tests, Video Technology, Language Proficiency
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Im, Gwan-Hyeok; Cheng, Liying – Language Testing, 2019
The primary purpose of the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC®) is to measure the everyday English skills of individuals, who speak a first language other than English, working in an international environment (ETS, 2015a, 2016a; Powers & Powers, 2015). The TOEIC also has six secondary purposes: (1) to verify the current…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency
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Duijm, Klaartje; Schoonen, Rob; Hulstijn, Jan H. – Language Testing, 2018
It is general practice to use rater judgments in speaking proficiency testing. However, it has been shown that raters' knowledge and experience may influence their ratings, both in terms of leniency and varied focus on different aspects of speech. The purpose of this study is to identify raters' relative responsiveness to fluency and linguistic…
Descriptors: Language Fluency, Accuracy, Second Languages, Language Tests
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Sawaki, Yasuyo; Sinharay, Sandip – Language Testing, 2018
The present study examined the reliability of the reading, listening, speaking, and writing section scores for the TOEFL iBT® test and their interrelationship in order to collect empirical evidence to support, respectively, the "generalization" inference and the "explanation" inference in the TOEFL iBT validity argument…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Testing
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