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McCray, Gareth; Brunfaut, Tineke – Language Testing, 2018
This study investigates test-takers' processing while completing banked gap-fill tasks, designed to test reading proficiency, in order to test theoretically based expectations about the variation in cognitive processes of test-takers across levels of performance. Twenty-eight test-takers' eye traces on 24 banked gap-fill items (on six tasks) were…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Test Items, Item Analysis, Eye Movements
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Huang, Heng-Tsung Danny; Hung, Shao-Ting Alan; Plakans, Lia – Language Testing, 2018
Integrated speaking test tasks (integrated tasks) provide reading and/or listening input to serve as the basis for test-takers to formulate their oral responses. This study examined the influence of topical knowledge on integrated speaking test performance and compared independent speaking test performance and integrated speaking test performance…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Speech Tests, Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language)
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Cheng, Junyu; Matthews, Joshua – Language Testing, 2018
This study explores the constructs that underpin three different measures of vocabulary knowledge and investigates the degree to which these three measures correlate with, and are able to predict, measures of second language (L2) listening and reading. Word frequency structured vocabulary tests tapping "receptive/orthographic (RecOrth)…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Correlation
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Wang, Zhen; Zechner, Klaus; Sun, Yu – Language Testing, 2018
As automated scoring systems for spoken responses are increasingly used in language assessments, testing organizations need to analyze their performance, as compared to human raters, across several dimensions, for example, on individual items or based on subgroups of test takers. In addition, there is a need in testing organizations to establish…
Descriptors: Automation, Scoring, Speech Tests, Language Tests
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van Batenburg, Eline S. L.; Oostdam, Ron J.; van Gelderen, Amos J. S.; de Jong, Nivja H. – Language Testing, 2018
This article explores ways to assess interactional performance, and reports on the use of a test format that standardizes the interlocutor's linguistic and interactional contributions to the exchange. It describes the construction and administration of six scripted speech tasks (instruction, advice, and sales tasks) with pre-vocational learners (n…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Speech Tests, Interaction, Test Reliability
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Janebi Enayat, Mostafa; Babaii, Esmat – Language Testing, 2018
The present study intended to investigate whether test takers' breadth and depth of vocabulary knowledge can contribute to their efficient use of lexical bonds while restoring damaged texts in reduced redundancy tests. Moreover, the moderating role of general language proficiency was investigated in this interaction. In so doing, Vocabulary Levels…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Vocabulary, Knowledge Level, Language Tests
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Norris, John; Drackert, Anastasia – Language Testing, 2018
The Test of German as a Foreign Language (TestDaF) plays a critical role as a standardized test of German language proficiency. Developed and administered by the Society for Academic Study Preparation and Test Development (g.a.s.t.), TestDaF was launched in 2001 and has experienced persistent annual growth, with more than 44,000 test takers in…
Descriptors: German, Second Language Learning, Language Tests, Language Proficiency
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Wind, Stefanie A.; Peterson, Meghan E. – Language Testing, 2018
The use of assessments that require rater judgment (i.e., rater-mediated assessments) has become increasingly popular in high-stakes language assessments worldwide. Using a systematic literature review, the purpose of this study is to identify and explore the dominant methods for evaluating rating quality within the context of research on…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Evaluators, Evaluation Methods, Interrater Reliability
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Isaacs, Talia; Trofimovich, Pavel; Foote, Jennifer Ann – Language Testing, 2018
There is growing research on the linguistic features that most contribute to making second language (L2) speech easy or difficult to understand. Comprehensibility, which is usually captured through listener judgments, is increasingly viewed as integral to the L2 speaking construct. However, there are shortcomings in how this construct is…
Descriptors: Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language of Instruction
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Ginther, April; Yan, Xun – Language Testing, 2018
This study examines the predictive validity of the TOEFL iBT with respect to academic achievement as measured by the first-year grade point average (GPA) of Chinese students at Purdue University, a large, public, Research I institution in Indiana, USA. Correlations between GPA, TOEFL iBT total and subsection scores were examined on 1990 mainland…
Descriptors: Correlation, Computer Assisted Testing, Profiles, English (Second Language)
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Longabach, Tanya; Peyton, Vicki – Language Testing, 2018
K-12 English language proficiency tests that assess multiple content domains (e.g., listening, speaking, reading, writing) often have subsections based on these content domains; scores assigned to these subsections are commonly known as subscores. Testing programs face increasing customer demands for the reporting of subscores in addition to the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Test Reliability, Second Language Learning, Language Proficiency
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Lee, Shinhye; Winke, Paula – Language Testing, 2018
We investigated how young language learners process their responses on and perceive a computer-mediated, timed speaking test. Twenty 8-, 9-, and 10-year-old non-native English-speaking children (NNSs) and eight same-aged, native English-speaking children (NSs) completed seven computerized sample TOEFL® Primary™ speaking test tasks. We investigated…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Second Language Learning, Responses, Computer Assisted Testing
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Sundqvist, Pia; Wikström, Peter; Sandlund, Erica; Nyroos, Lina – Language Testing, 2018
The present paper looks at the issue of standardization in L2 oral testing. Whereas external examiners are frequently used globally, some countries opt for test-takers' own teachers as examiners instead. In the present study, Sweden is used as a case in point, with a focus on the mandatory, high-stakes, summative, ninth-grade national test in…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Standards, Second Language Learning, Language Tests
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Shin, Sun-Young; Lidster, Ryan – Language Testing, 2017
In language programs, it is crucial to place incoming students into appropriate levels to ensure that course curriculum and materials are well targeted to their learning needs. Deciding how and where to set cutscores on placement tests is thus of central importance to programs, but previous studies in educational measurement disagree as to which…
Descriptors: Language Tests, English (Second Language), Standard Setting (Scoring), Student Placement
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Eckes, Thomas – Language Testing, 2017
This paper presents an approach to standard setting that combines the prototype group method (PGM; Eckes, 2012) with a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The combined PGM-ROC approach is applied to setting cut scores on a placement test of English as a foreign language (EFL). To implement the PGM, experts first named learners whom…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Cutting Scores, Standard Setting (Scoring)
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