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Heineke, Amy J. – Language Policy, 2018
The most restrictive language policy context in the United States, Arizona's monolingual and prescriptive approach to teaching English learners continues to capture national and international attention. Five school years removed from the initial implementation, this study aimed to understand the complexities of Arizona language policy in…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, Language Acquisition, Educational Policy, State Policy
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Schissel, Jamie L.; Kangas, Sara E. N. – Language Policy, 2018
In the context of the United States K-12 school system, reclassification processes of emergent bilinguals are laden with high-stakes assessments. Largely absent in reclassification scholarship is the consideration of how reclassification policies uniquely affect those learners with identified disabilities. Applying an intersectionality lens that…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Classification, Bilingual Students, Educational Policy
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Johnson, David Cassels; Johnson, Eric J. – Language Policy, 2015
In this article we proffer a theoretical model for analyzing power in language policy processes and incorporate ethnographic data to illustrate the usefulness of the model. Grounded in an ethnographic project in the US state of Washington, we examine how nominally identical school district-level programs, which are funded under the same…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Language Planning, Models, Educational Research
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Pease-Alvarez, Lucinda; Thompson, Alisun – Language Policy, 2014
Recently, those examining the role teachers of language minority students play in the language policy-making process have found that their autonomy has been threatened by increasing standardization as reflected in rigid one-size fits all curricular mandates focused on the learning of discrete skills in the national language, enforced high-stakes…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Standards, High Stakes Tests, Standardized Tests
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Leckie, Alisa G.; Kaplan, Suzanne E.; Rubinstein-Avila, Eliane – Language Policy, 2013
Several states, including Arizona, have enacted English-only legislation, within the past decade, impacting the schooling of students who are identified as English language learner (ELLS). As a result, ELLS in Arizona are assigned to a prescriptive program--apart from their fluent English-speaking peers--for 4 h a day, during a time "not…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, English (Second Language), Discourse Analysis, Second Language Learning
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Mangual Figueroa, Ariana – Language Policy, 2013
This article draws on a 23┬ámonth ethnographic study of an emerging--newly established and rapidly growing--Latino community in the New Latino Diaspora of the U.S. in order to examine how educators and parents interpret language education policy (LEP). It analyzes how an English as a Second Language director and one undocumented Mexican mother…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Language Planning, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy
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Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia; Gonzalez Canche, Manuel S.; Sabetghadam, Shirin – Language Policy, 2012
Approximately five million English Language Learners (ELLs) attend public schools in the United States. Because the majority of ELLs tend to live in immigrant families, schools become the means to provide ELLs with the English skills necessary to be competent in school and in life. Federal and state policies regarding instructional arrangements…
Descriptors: Evidence, Language Planning, Academic Achievement, Second Language Learning
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Gandara, Patricia; Orfield, Gary – Language Policy, 2012
The United States is home to the largest number of immigrants of any nation (United Nations 2006). In 2005, 38.5 million residents of the U.S. were foreign born. As a result, an increasing number of children in the public schools are either immigrants or the children of immigrants: more than one of every five. Most of these children come from…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Court Litigation, Second Language Learning, Immigrants
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Hopkins, Megan – Language Policy, 2012
In response to the passage of a state English-only policy and a newly mandated instructional model for English learners that focuses on English acquisition, Arizona introduced training requirements for all of the state's educators related to English learners. This policy coincided with changes in the training Arizona teachers opted to pursue,…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Second Language Learning, Teacher Surveys, English (Second Language)
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Evans, Stephen – Language Policy, 2011
The 2010-2011 academic year marked the beginning of a new chapter in the long and controversial history of medium-of-instruction (MOI) policy in Hong Kong. Under the government's "fine-tuning" policy, schools hitherto compelled to use Chinese as the MOI have been given more scope to teach in English at junior secondary level, thereby…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Foreign Policy, Educational History, Language of Instruction
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Paciotto, Carla; Delany-Barmann, Gloria – Language Policy, 2011
Discontinuities are often found between top-down language education policies and local language policy enactments, as de facto language policymaking results from stakeholders' negotiation and interpretation of policy mandates. Teachers occupy a particular role in the execution of language education policies, as they are the "final…
Descriptors: Expertise, Rural Schools, Language Planning, Immersion Programs
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Dixon, L. Quentin – Language Policy, 2009
Singapore's officially bilingual education policy, in which the majority of children are schooled through a non-native medium with their "Mother Tongue" (an ethnic heritage language that is not necessarily spoken in the home) as a single school subject only, has resulted in dramatic language shifts in the population and high academic…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Second Language Learning, Bilingual Education, Foreign Countries
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Johnson, David Cassels – Language Policy, 2009
While theoretical conceptualizations of language policy have grown increasingly rich, empirical data that test these models are less common. Further, there is little methodological guidance for those who wish to do research on language policy interpretation and appropriation. The ethnography of language policy is proposed as a method which makes…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Ethnography, Data Collection, Public Policy
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Harper, Candace A.; de Jong, Ester J.; Platt, Elizabeth J. – Language Policy, 2008
"No Child Left Behind" (NCLB, 2001) fails to recognize English as a second language (ESL) as a specialized academic discipline in which teachers should be "highly qualified." In this paper we examine the impact of this policy failure on the practice of teachers of K-12 English language learners (ELLs), particularly in the…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, State Legislation, Federal Legislation, Second Language Learning
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Gandara, Patricia; Baca, Gabriel – Language Policy, 2008
We argue here that the combination of U.S. federal education policy as embodied in the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" with the passage of a California state initiative that required that "nearly all classroom instruction [be] in English...for a period not normally intended to exceed one year" in 1998 created a "perfect…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Federal Legislation, Academic Achievement, Second Language Learning