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Showing 1 to 15 of 242 results Save | Export
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Toró, Tibor – Language Policy, 2020
The paper focuses on minority language policy implementation in Romania. Although the policy framework of minority language use is considered quite satisfying by many authors, a deeper analysis reveals significant problems in the implementation of these policies. Based on implementation research, the paper reveals the hidden mechanism of language…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Language Planning, Public Policy, Language Usage
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Takam, Alain Flaubert; Fassé, Innocent Mbouya – Language Policy, 2020
Cameroon, host to around 280 local languages, two European official languages (English and French) and Pidgin English, has been struggling since the 1960s to achieve official bilingualism for national unity and integration. This policy implies that each citizen should learn and use both official languages. The greatest means to implement this…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Harklau, Linda; Yang, Anna H. – Language Policy, 2020
Increasingly across the U.S. and other industrialized democracies, teachers take dual classroom roles as both content and English language educators. Nevertheless, research on how educators actually understand and implement mainstreaming language education policies at the school and district level are sparse. This paper contributes a unique…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Planning, School Districts, Public Policy
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Phan, Nhan; Starks, Donna – Language Policy, 2020
This paper explores the interaction between linguistic landscapes and language policies of the Old Quarter in Hanoi, Vietnam to investigate how legislated and de facto language policies come together to create lived monolingualism, multilingualism and hybridity in language displays in public spaces. Our research focuses on language policies as…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Public Policy
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Snyder, Rachel – Language Policy, 2020
Recent studies of language policy and bilingual education have focused on federal level legislation (Wiley and García in Mod Lang J 100:48-63, 2016. 10.1111/modl.12303), and immediate consequences of state level policy. Although Critical Race Theory (CRT) has been employed to analyze the structural impact of local policy on minoritized communities…
Descriptors: Whites, Bilingualism, State Legislation, Critical Theory
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Joseph, John E.; Rutten, Gijsbert; Vosters, Rik – Language Policy, 2020
Over 50 years ago, the Norwegian-American linguist Einar Haugen published a seminal paper entitled 'Dialect, language and nation' (Am Anthropol 68:922-935, 1966b), in which he expounds his four-step model of standardization, explaining the development from dialect to standard following a process of norm selection, codification, acceptance and…
Descriptors: Dialects, Standard Spoken Usage, Linguistic Theory, Standards
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Pickl, Simon – Language Policy, 2020
This contribution explores the concept of selection as an integral part of Haugen's standardisation model from a theoretical as well as an empirical angle. It focuses on different types of factors of selection and how they are relevant to the study of selection processes both on the level of individual variants and whole varieties. The question of…
Descriptors: Standard Spoken Usage, Linguistic Theory, Language Styles, German
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del Valle, José – Language Policy, 2020
In this article, I claim that, while placing his theory of language, language planning, and standardization within a conceptual and historical framework inspired by Modernity, the emergence of the nation-state and liberal democracy, Haugen carefully mapped sociolinguistic phenomena onto their political treatment. And it was this careful and honest…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Political Influences, Linguistic Theory, Standard Spoken Usage
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Elspaß, Stephan – Language Policy, 2020
What almost all accounts of standardisation histories have in common is a focus on printed, formal or literary texts from writing elites. While Haugen identified the written form of a language as "a significant and probably crucial requirement for a standard language" (Haugen in Am Anthropol 68:922-935, 1966a; Haugen, in: Bright (ed)…
Descriptors: Standard Spoken Usage, Standards, Language Planning, Linguistic Theory
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Rutten, Gijsbert; Krogull, Andreas; Schoemaker, Bob – Language Policy, 2020
The paper discusses "implementation" and "acceptance" as crucial elements of a historical-sociolinguistic reappraisal of Haugen's well-known theory of standardization. The case study that we focus on is the Dutch language in the second half of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century. In this period, Dutch…
Descriptors: Public Policy, Language Planning, Foreign Countries, Sociolinguistics
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Hickey, Raymond – Language Policy, 2020
The present paper looks in detail at the process of codification, i.e. how a single variety is altered in such a way as to become the publicly accepted, stigma-free variety of a country or major region. There is both implicit and explicit codification. For Haugen it would seem that he was referring to the latter process in which there is formal…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Styles, Language Variation, Standard Spoken Usage
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Ayres-Bennett, Wendy – Language Policy, 2020
Haugen's model (in "Sociolinguistics," Penguin, Harmondsworth, pp 97-111, 1972 [1966]) of standardisation has been widely adopted in general histories of particular languages, not least because of its clarity and simplicity. In this article, I focus on its treatment of codification, with a view to suggesting refinements to this part of…
Descriptors: Models, Linguistic Theory, Sociolinguistics, Standard Spoken Usage
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Vuorsola, Lasse – Language Policy, 2019
Language policy has an impact both on societies and on individuals, especially in contexts where negative ideologies toward minorities and minority languages may exist. A functional language policy protects a minority and allows it to develop its culture and language, while an ineffective policy might cause irreparable damage and lead to language…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Finno Ugric Languages, Foreign Countries, Public Policy
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De Costa, Peter I.; Park, Joseph; Wee, Lionel – Language Policy, 2019
Conceived as the act of aligning with the moral imperative to enhance one's worth in the world through a strategic management of language-related resources (De Costa et al. in Asia Pac Educ Res 25(5-6):695-702, 2016), linguistic entrepreneurship is used as a framework to guide this paper that examines the growing influence of neoliberalism within…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Second Language Instruction, Educational Policy, Entrepreneurship
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Antia, Bassey E.; van der Merwe, Chanel – Language Policy, 2019
As part of a broader student campaign for 'free decolonized education', protests over language policies at select South African universities between 2015 and 2016 belied widespread positive appraisals of these policies, and revealed what is possibly an internal contradiction of the campaign. The discourse prior to the protests (e.g.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Multilingualism, Universities, School Policy
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