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Showing 1 to 15 of 23 results Save | Export
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Penido, Fabiana A.; Rothe-Neves, Rui – Language Learning and Development, 2019
An important issue regarding developmental changes in cue weighting is whether children weight the dynamic cue of vowel formant transitions relatively more than do adults, whereas adults depend more on the static cue of the fricative noise level. We investigated this issue in Brazilian Portuguese. Additionally, we inserted the segment to be…
Descriptors: Cues, Portuguese, Vowels, Pronunciation
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Jakubowski, Karen P.; Iverson, Jana M. – Language Learning and Development, 2019
Attentional difficulties are evident in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Accordingly, mothers of children with ASD may modify communication to direct their child's attention, and this pattern may generalize to later-born children. This study examined patterns of child-directed communication in 11 mothers of 18-month-old toddlers at…
Descriptors: Attention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mothers
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Clark, Eve V. – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Children acquire language in conversation. This is where they are exposed to the community language by more expert speakers. This exposure is effectively governed by adult reliance on pragmatic principles in conversation: Cooperation, Conventionality, and Contrast. All three play a central role in speakers' use of language for communication in…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Feedback (Response), Syntax, Semantics
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Hochstein, Lara; Bale, Alan; Barner, David – Language Learning and Development, 2018
We investigated "scalar implicature" in adolescents and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to test whether theory of mind deficits associated with autism affect pragmatic inferences in language. We tested scalar implicature computation in adolescents with ASD (12-18 years) and asked whether they reason about mental states when…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Language Usage
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Matthews, Danielle; Biney, Hannah; Abbot-Smith, Kirsten – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Children vary in their ability to use language in social contexts and this has important consequences for wellbeing. We review studies that test whether individual differences in pragmatic skill are associated with formal language ability, mentalizing, and executive functions in both typical and atypical development. The strongest and most…
Descriptors: Children, Individual Differences, Language Usage, Executive Function
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Koring, Loes; Mak, Pim; Mulders, Iris; Reuland, Eric – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Previous studies have demonstrated that, for adults, differences between unaccusative verbs (e.g., "fall") and unergative verbs (e.g., "dance") lead to a difference in processing. However, so far we don't know whether this effect shows up in children's processing of these verbs as well. This study measures children's processing…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Adults, Children
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Hendricks, Alison Eisel; Miller, Karen; Jackson, Carrie N. – Language Learning and Development, 2018
While previous sociolinguistic research has demonstrated that children faithfully acquire probabilistic input constrained by sociolinguistic and linguistic factors (e.g., gender and socioeconomic status), research suggests children regularize inconsistent input-probabilistic input that is not sociolinguistically constrained (e.g., Hudson Kam &…
Descriptors: Sociolinguistics, Language Research, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Input
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Mimeau, Catherine; Dionne, Ginette; Feng, Bei; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Language Learning and Development, 2018
This twin study examined the genetic and environmental etiology of vocabulary, syntax, and their association in first graders. French-speaking same-sex twins (n = 555) completed two vocabulary tests, and two scores of syntax were calculated from their spontaneous speech at 7 years of age. Multivariate latent factor genetic analyses showed that…
Descriptors: Genetics, Etiology, Vocabulary, Syntax
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Kline, Melissa; Snedeker, Jesse; Schulz, Laura – Language Learning and Development, 2017
How do children map linguistic representations onto the conceptual structures that they encode? In the present studies, we provided 3-4-year-old children with minimal-pair scene contrasts in order to determine the effect of particular event properties on novel verb learning. Specifically, we tested whether spatiotemporal cues to causation also…
Descriptors: Cues, Children, Verbs, Spatial Ability
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Brandt, Silke; Nitschke, Sanjo; Kidd, Evan – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Structural priming is a useful laboratory-based technique for investigating how children respond to temporary changes in the distribution of structures in their input. In the current study we investigated whether increasing the number of object relative clauses (RCs) in German-speaking children's input changes their processing preferences for…
Descriptors: Priming, German, Phrase Structure, Linguistic Input
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Conwell, Erin – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Many approaches to early word learning posit that children assume a one-to-one mapping of form and meaning. However, children's early vocabularies contain homophones, words that violate that assumption. Children might learn such words by exploiting prosodic differences between homophone meanings that are associated with lemma frequency (Gahl,…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Acoustics, Vowels, Intonation
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Saindon, Mathieu R.; Trehub, Sandra E.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; van Lieshout, Pascal H. H. M. – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Terminal changes in fundamental frequency provide the most salient acoustic cues to declarative questions, but adults sometimes identify such questions from pre-terminal cues. In the present study, adults and 7- to 10-year-old children judged a single speaker's adult- and child-directed utterances as questions or statements in a gating task with…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Cues, Adults, Children
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Arosio, Fabrizio; Foppolo, Francesca; Pagliarini, Elena; Perugini, Maria; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Specific language impairment (SLI) is a heterogeneous disorder affecting various aspects of language. While most studies have investigated impairments in the domain of syntax and morphosyntax, little is known about compositional semantics and the process of deriving pragmatic meanings in SLI. We selected a group of sixteen monolingual…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Semantics, Italian, Children
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Hirose, Yuki; Mazuka, Reiko – Language Learning and Development, 2017
A noun can be potentially ambiguous as to whether it is a head on its own, or is a modifier of a Noun + Noun compound waiting for its head. This study investigates whether young children can exploit the prosodic information on a modifier constituent preceding the head to facilitate resolution of such ambiguity in Japanese. Evidence from English…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Intonation, Phonology, Suprasegmentals
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Leischner, Franziska N.; Weissenborn, Jürgen; Naigles, Letitia R. – Language Learning and Development, 2016
The study investigated the influence of universal and language-specific morpho-syntactic properties (i.e., flexible word order, case) on the acquisition of verb argument structures in German compared with English. To this end, 65 three- to nine-year-old German learning children and adults were asked to act out grammatical ("The sheep…
Descriptors: German, Language Acquisition, Grammar, Nouns
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