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Showing 1 to 15 of 174 results Save | Export
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Taxitari, Loukia; Twomey, Katherine E.; Westermann, Gert; Mani, Nivedita – Language Learning and Development, 2020
In this series of experiments, we tested the limits of young infants' word learning and generalization abilities in light of recent findings reporting sophisticated word learning abilities in the first year of life. Ten-month-old infants were trained with two word-object pairs and tested with either the same or different members of the…
Descriptors: Infants, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Associative Learning
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He, Angela Xiaoxue; Kon, Maxwell; Arunachalam, Sudha – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Linguistic contexts provide useful information about verb meanings by narrowing the space of candidate concepts. Intuitively, the more information, the better. For example, "the tall girl is 'fezzing,'" as compared to "the girl is fezzing," provides more information about which event, out of multiple candidate events, is being…
Descriptors: Verbs, Language Acquisition, Learning Processes, Language Processing
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Gámez, Perla B.; Vasilyeva, Marina – Language Learning and Development, 2020
This study investigated cross-linguistic priming in six-year-old, balanced Spanish-English bilinguals (n = 60). We examined bilinguals' production of transitive forms in English (active, passive) after exposure to Spanish transitives (Study 1; M age = 6.2 years; SD = 0.3) and their production of transitive forms in Spanish (active, passive) after…
Descriptors: Syntax, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Spanish
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Gold, Rinat; Segal, Osnat – Language Learning and Development, 2020
The "bouba-kiki effect" refers to the correspondence between arbitrary visual and auditory stimuli. Previous studies have demonstrated that neurodevelopmental conditions and sensory impairment affect subjects' performance on the bouba-kiki task. This study examined the bouba-kiki effect in participants with severe-to-profound hearing…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli, Correlation, Neurological Organization
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Hudson Kam, Carla L. – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Hudson Kam (2018) examined whether learning of a particular aspect of language that adults are known to have difficulty with (grammatical gender) could be improved by manipulating the learning experience of adults so that it was more like that of infants. Specifically, based on likely differences between adult and child learners' experiences as…
Descriptors: Infants, Adults, Language Acquisition, Comparative Analysis
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Okuno, Akiko; Cameron-Faulkner, Thea R.; Theakston, Anna L. – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Languages differ in how they encode causal events, placing greater or lesser emphasis on the agent or patient of the action. Little is known about how these preferences emerge and the relative influence of cognitive biases and language-specific input at different stages in development. In these studies, we investigated the emergence of sentence…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Contrastive Linguistics, Preferences, Linguistic Input
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Radulescu, Silvia; Wijnen, Frank; Avrutin, Sergey – Language Learning and Development, 2020
From limited evidence, children track the regularities of their language impressively fast and they infer generalized rules that apply to novel instances. This study investigated what drives the inductive leap from memorizing specific items and statistical regularities to extracting abstract rules. We propose an innovative entropy model that…
Descriptors: Linguistic Input, Language Acquisition, Grammar, Learning Processes
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Carbajal, M. Julia; Chartofylaka, Lamprini; Hamilton, Mollie; Fiévet, Anne-Caroline; Peperkamp, Sharon – Language Learning and Development, 2020
We investigate bilingual children's perception of assimilations, i.e. phonological rules by which a consonant at a word edge adopts a phonological feature of a neighboring consonant. For instance, English has place assimilation (e.g., "green" is pronounced with a final [m] in "green pen"), while French has voicing assimilation…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Word Recognition, Video Games, Toddlers
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Davies, Benjamin; Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Demuth, Katherine – Language Learning and Development, 2020
English-speaking children use plural morphology from around the age of 2, yet often omit the syllabic plural allomorph /-[schwa]z/ until age 5 (e.g., "bus(es)"). It is not clear if this protracted acquisition is due to articulatory difficulties, low input frequency, or fricative-final words (e.g., "bus," "nose") being…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Linguistic Input, Phonology
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Lakusta, Laura; Brucato, Maria; Landau, Barbara – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Configurations of support include those that exhibit Support-From-Below (cup "on" table), as well as those involving Mechanical Support (e.g., stamp "on" envelope, coat "on" hook). Mature language users show a "division of labor" in the encoding of support, frequently using basic locative expressions (BE…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Young Children, Language Processing, Verbs
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Olson, Janet; Masur, Elise – Language Learning and Development, 2020
The current study examined how mothers' production of four types of internal state words at multiple ages across the second year in a free play context was related to their infants' acquisition of those words. Twenty-nine mother-infant dyads were videotaped for 18 minutes during free play when infants were 13 and 17 months old. Mothers' total and…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Attitudes, Play, Infants
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Morales Reyes, Alexandra; Montrul, Silvina – Language Learning and Development, 2020
The Spanish verbal system offers more evidence for agreement and tense than English, where morphological evidence is less robust. With a focus on the comprehension of verbal agreement morphology by child second (L2) learners of Spanish and English, we extend the Variational Learning account to L2 acquisition to investigate whether the abundance of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Spanish, Verbs
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Wang, Tianlin; Potter, Christine E.; Saffran, Jenny R. – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Adults typically struggle to perceive non-native sound contrasts, especially those that conflict with their first language. Do the same challenges persist when the sound contrasts overlap but do not conflict? To address this question, we explored the acquisition of lexical tones. While tonal variations are present in many languages, they are only…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Mandarin Chinese, Auditory Perception, Intonation
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Laurent, Angélique; Smithson, Lisa; Nicoladis, Elena – Language Learning and Development, 2020
Previous research has shown that using gestures helps children remember more information. Here, we designed two studies to test whether children who gesture tend to rely on visuospatial cognitive resources more than children who do not gesture. We also test whether children who gesture demonstrate more creativity in their narrative productions.…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Story Telling, Creativity, Preschool Children
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Lippeveld, Marie; Oshima-Takane, Yuriko – Language Learning and Development, 2020
The cross-categorical use of nouns and verbs poses a challenging problem to young language learners because they are known to be less willing to accept that a single form of a word be used for more than one linguistic purpose (e.g., one-form/one-function principle). The present study investigated whether children under 3 years of age are able to…
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Language Acquisition, Semantics
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