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Showing 1 to 15 of 128 results Save | Export
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Ferguson, Brock; Graf, Eileen; Waxman, Sandra R. – Language Learning and Development, 2018
We assessed 24-month-old infants' lexical processing efficiency for both novel and familiar words. Prior work documented that 19-month-olds successfully identify referents of familiar words (e.g., The dog is so little) as well as novel words whose meanings were informed only by the surrounding sentence (e.g., The vep is crying), but that the speed…
Descriptors: Verbs, Nouns, Language Processing, Comparative Analysis
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Hudson Kam, Carla L. – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Adult learners know that language is for communicating and that there are patterns in the language that need to be learned. This affects the way they engage with language input; they search for form-meaning linkages, and this effortful engagement could interfere with their learning, especially for things like grammatical gender that often have at…
Descriptors: Infants, Adult Learning, Grammar, Language Patterns
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Koring, Loes; Mak, Pim; Mulders, Iris; Reuland, Eric – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Previous studies have demonstrated that, for adults, differences between unaccusative verbs (e.g., "fall") and unergative verbs (e.g., "dance") lead to a difference in processing. However, so far we don't know whether this effect shows up in children's processing of these verbs as well. This study measures children's processing…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Adults, Children
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Abel, Alyson D.; Schneider, Julie; Maguire, Mandy J – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Word learning from linguistic context is essential for vocabulary growth from grade school onward; however, little is known about the mechanisms underlying successful word learning in children. Current methods for studying word learning development require children to identify the meaning of the word after each exposure, a method that interacts…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Language Acquisition
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Hendricks, Alison Eisel; Miller, Karen; Jackson, Carrie N. – Language Learning and Development, 2018
While previous sociolinguistic research has demonstrated that children faithfully acquire probabilistic input constrained by sociolinguistic and linguistic factors (e.g., gender and socioeconomic status), research suggests children regularize inconsistent input-probabilistic input that is not sociolinguistically constrained (e.g., Hudson Kam &…
Descriptors: Sociolinguistics, Language Research, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Input
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McDonald, Margarethe; Gross, Megan; Buac, Milijana; Batko, Michelle; Kaushanskaya, Margarita – Language Learning and Development, 2018
This study tested the effect of Spanish-accented speech on sentence comprehension in children with different degrees of Spanish experience. The hypothesis was that earlier acquisition of Spanish would be associated with enhanced comprehension of Spanish-accented speech. Three groups of 5-6-year-old children were tested: monolingual…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Language Processing, English
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Stone, Adam; Petitto, Laura-Ann; Bosworth, Rain – Language Learning and Development, 2018
The infant brain may be predisposed to identify perceptually salient cues that are common to both signed and spoken languages. Recent theory based on spoken languages has advanced sonority as one of these potential language acquisition cues. Using a preferential looking paradigm with an infrared eye tracker, we explored visual attention of hearing…
Descriptors: Infants, Sign Language, Language Acquisition, Auditory Perception
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Newman, Rochelle S.; Morini, Giovanna; Kozlovsky, Penina; Panza, Sabrina – Language Learning and Development, 2018
Prior work demonstrated that toddlers can learn words from a speaker with a foreign accent and generalize that learning to the native accent when the accented variation does not cross phoneme boundaries. The current study explores the situation in which a vowel in the foreign accent is produced such that it could be confused with a different…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Speech Impairments, Dialects, Pronunciation
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Mimeau, Catherine; Dionne, Ginette; Feng, Bei; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Language Learning and Development, 2018
This twin study examined the genetic and environmental etiology of vocabulary, syntax, and their association in first graders. French-speaking same-sex twins (n = 555) completed two vocabulary tests, and two scores of syntax were calculated from their spontaneous speech at 7 years of age. Multivariate latent factor genetic analyses showed that…
Descriptors: Genetics, Etiology, Vocabulary, Syntax
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Kersey, Alyssa J.; Cantlon, Jessica F. – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Counting is an evolutionarily recent cultural invention of the human species. In order for humans to have conceived of counting in the first place, certain representational and logical abilities must have already been in place. The focus of this article is the origins and nature of those fundamental mechanisms that promoted the emergence of the…
Descriptors: Computation, Brain, Cognitive Development, Number Concepts
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Spelke, Elizabeth S. – Language Learning and Development, 2017
The natural numbers may be our simplest, most useful, and best-studied abstract concepts, but their origins are debated. I consider this debate in the context of the proposal, by Gallistel and Gelman, that natural number system is a product of cognitive evolution and the proposal, by Carey, that it is a product of human cultural history. I offer a…
Descriptors: Computation, Number Systems, Number Concepts, Language Usage
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Szkudlarek, Emily; Brannon, Elizabeth M. – Language Learning and Development, 2017
In this article we first review evidence for the approximate number system (ANS), an evolutionarily ancient and developmentally conservative cognitive mechanism for representing number without language. We then critically review five different lines of support for the proposal that symbolic representations of number build upon the ANS, and discuss…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Symbols (Mathematics), Cognitive Processes, Neurology
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Suzuki, Takaaki; Kobayashi, Tessei – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Syntactic bootstrapping facilitates children's initial learning of verb meanings based on syntactic information. A challenging case is the argument-drop languages, where the number of argument NPs is not a reliable cue for distinguishing between transitive and intransitive verbs. Despite this fact, the availability of syntactic bootstrapping in…
Descriptors: Syntax, Cues, Grammar, Verbs
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Hadley, Pamela A.; Rispoli, Matthew; Holt, Janet K.; Papastratakos, Theodora; Hsu, Ning; Kubalanza, Mary; McKenna, Megan M. – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Purpose: The current study used an intervention design to test the hypothesis that parent input sentences with diverse lexical noun phrase (NP) subjects would accelerate growth in children's sentence diversity. Method: Child growth in third person sentence diversity was modeled from 21-30 months (n = 38) in conversational language samples obtained…
Descriptors: Parents, Hypothesis Testing, Control Groups, Toddlers
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Achimova, Asya; Syrett, Kristen; Musolino, Julien; Déprez, Viviane – Language Learning and Development, 2017
In response to questions in which a "wh"-term interacts with a universal quantifier in object position, such as "Who picked every toy?," children as old as 5 years of age often provide a list, pairing toys with the people who picked each of them. This response pattern is unexpected, it has been claimed, because children appear…
Descriptors: Toys, Syntax, Semantics, Predictor Variables
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