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Showing 1 to 15 of 207 results Save | Export
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Abner, Natasha; Namboodiripad, Savithry; Spaepen, Elizabet; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Language Learning and Development, 2022
Human languages, signed and spoken, can be characterized by the structural patterns they use to associate communicative "forms" with "meanings." One such pattern is paradigmatic morphology, where complex words are built from the systematic use "and re-use" of sub-lexical units. Here, we provide evidence of emergent…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Deafness, Sign Language, Children
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Ahn, Dorothy; Snedeker, Jesse – Language Learning and Development, 2022
Korean is a classifier language in which bare nouns are not obligatorily number-marked. Children learning other classifier languages like Japanese and Mandarin are late in learning the plural morpheme. In this paper, we present two datasets that suggest that Korean plural marker "-tul" is acquired much earlier, in contrast to what has…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Korean, Nouns, Toddlers
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Pagliarini, Elena; Lungu, Oana; van Hout, Angeliek; Pintér, Lilla; Surányi, Balázs; Crain, Stephen; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Language Learning and Development, 2022
In English, a sentence like "The cat didn't eat the carrot or the pepper" typically receives a "neither" interpretation; in Japanese it receives a "not this or not that" interpretation. These two interpretations are in a subset/superset relation, such that the "neither" interpretation (strong reading)…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Linguistic Theory, Semantics, Grammar
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Arunachalam, Sudha; Avtushka, Valeryia; Luyster, Rhiannon J.; Guthrie, Whitney – Language Learning and Development, 2022
Vocabulary checklists completed by caregivers are a common way of measuring children's vocabulary knowledge. We provide evidence from checklist data from 31 children with and without autism spectrum disorder. When asked to report twice about whether or not their child produces a particular word, caregivers are largely consistent in their…
Descriptors: Verbs, Vocabulary Development, Nouns, Language Acquisition
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Gabbatore, Ilaria; Longobardi, Claudio; Bosco, Francesca M. – Language Learning and Development, 2022
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex pathology that includes impaired social interaction abilities. Insufficient attention has been paid to programs specifically devoted to improving communicative-pragmatic skills. Moreover, the majority of studies have focused on children, while programs specifically developed for the adolescents are…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Skills, Interaction
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Kaiser, Irmtraud – Language Learning and Development, 2022
The present study analyses 3- to 6-year-old children's dialect-standard repertoires in an Austrian-Bavarian sociolinguistic setting and investigates how far individual repertoires can be explained by input and sociodemographic factors. Adults' linguistic repertoires in the area typically comprise a certain spectrum on the dialect-standard…
Descriptors: Dialects, Standard Spoken Usage, Gender Differences, Age Differences
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LaTourrette, Alexander; Waxman, Sandra R. – Language Learning and Development, 2021
Despite the seemingly simple mapping between adjectives and perceptual properties (e.g., color, texture), preschool children have difficulty establishing the appropriate extension of novel adjectives. When children hear a novel adjective applied to an individual object, they successfully extend the adjective to other members of the same object…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Difficulty Level, Concept Formation, Pictorial Stimuli
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Han, Mengru; de Jong, Nivja H.; Kager, René – Language Learning and Development, 2021
Previous research indicates that infant-directed speech (IDS) is usually slower than adult-directed speech (ADS) and mothers prefer placing a focused word in isolation or utterance-final position in (English) IDS, which may benefit word learning. This study investigated the speaking rate and word position of IDS in two typologically-distinct…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Speech Communication, Mothers
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Lustigman, Lyle; Berman, Ruth A. – Language Learning and Development, 2021
The study examines phases in developing specification of grammatical marking of emergent clause-combining (CC) as indicative of children's growing ability to integrate two or more independent predications. To this end, both intra- and inter-clausal analyses were applied to all CC utterances produced by three Hebrew-acquiring children aged 2;0-3;0,…
Descriptors: Phrase Structure, Grammar, Semitic Languages, Language Acquisition
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Garraffa, Maria; Smart, Francesca; Obregón, Mateo – Language Learning and Development, 2021
The present study investigated the effect of classroom-based syntactic training on children's abilities to produce passive sentences. Thirty-three monolingual English children (mean age 5;2), were involved in passive-voice training based on storytelling sessions within a priming design. The training was delivered in a classroom setting, with two…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Story Telling, English, Monolingualism
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Smith, Jodie; Levickis, Penny; Goldfeld, Sharon; Kemp, Lynn; Conway, Laura – Language Learning and Development, 2021
Specific features of adult linguistic input may play a larger, or smaller role, at different child ages, across different language outcomes, in different cohorts. This prospective, longitudinal study explored associations between the quantity and quality (i.e. diversity and responsiveness) of maternal linguistic input and child language. This…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Linguistic Input, Intervention
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Benders, Titia; St. George, Jennifer; Fletcher, Richard – Language Learning and Development, 2021
Although both fathers and mothers speak differently in infant-directed speech (IDS) compared to adult-directed speech (ADS), the acoustic characteristics of present-day paternal IDS are still insufficiently understood. To extend this understanding, 11 fathers and 17 mothers in The Netherlands were recorded interacting with their infant…
Descriptors: Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Fathers, Foreign Countries
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Sultana, Asifa – Language Learning and Development, 2021
Crosslinguistic research into language development reveals that typological features determine children's developmental patterns to a large extent. The present study examines the early morphological development in the verb inflectional paradigm in Bangla. Data from the first 6 months since the emergence of two-word combinations were collected from…
Descriptors: Verbs, Morphology (Languages), Indo European Languages, Language Acquisition
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Pertsova, Katya; Becker, Misha – Language Learning and Development, 2021
This paper explores the hypothesis that children pay more attention to phonological cues than semantic cues when acquiring grammatical patterns. In a series of artificial allomorphy learning experiments with adults and children we find support for this hypothesis but only for those learners who do not show clear signs of explicit learning. In…
Descriptors: Phonology, Learning Processes, Grammar, Cues
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de Villiers, Jill – Language Learning and Development, 2021
Does language have a role to play in conceptual development, and if so, what is that role? Understanding the contents of another person's mind parallels the development in early childhood of mental state language. Does the conceptual understanding get reflected in and drive the language development, or does the language allow the representation of…
Descriptors: Language Role, Syntax, Phrase Structure, Preschool Children
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