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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,123 results Save | Export
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Graziano, Maria; Nicoladis, Elena; Marentette, Paula – Language Learning, 2020
When speaking, people often produce gestures that are closely timed with the speech with which they constitute a semantically coherent unit. Analyzing the temporal patterns between the two modalities may reveal insights about how speakers plan them. Using elicited narratives, we tested English/French monolinguals and bilinguals to check whether…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Nonverbal Communication, English
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Kourtali, Nektaria-Efstathia; Révész, Andrea – Language Learning, 2020
This study investigated the effects of task complexity on child learners' second language (L2) gains, the relationship between aptitude and L2 development, and the extent to which task complexity influences this relationship when recasts are provided. Sixty child EFL learners were assigned to two experimental groups. During the treatment, one…
Descriptors: Language Aptitude, Second Language Learning, Comparative Analysis, Task Analysis
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Bokander, Lars; Bylund, Emanuel – Language Learning, 2020
Over the past decade, the LLAMA language aptitude test battery has come to play an increasingly important role as an instrument in research on individual differences in language development. However, a potentially serious problem that has been pointed out by several scholars is that the LLAMA has not yet been carefully validated. We addressed this…
Descriptors: Item Analysis, Language Tests, Test Items, Individual Differences
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Ciaccio, Laura Anna; Clahsen, Harald – Language Learning, 2020
Word forms such as "walked" or "walker" are decomposed into their morphological constituents (walk + -ed/-er) during language comprehension. Yet, the efficiency of morphological decomposition seems to vary for different languages and morphological types, as well as for first and second language speakers. The current study…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Language Processing, Priming, Task Analysis
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Hiver, Phil; Al-Hoorie, Ali H. – Language Learning, 2020
Researchers have linked vivid mental imagery, particularly of the self in future states, to many desirable motivational outcomes for language learning. We report a preregistered conceptual replication and extension of You, Dörnyei, and Csizér (2016), who found a central motivational role for vision. We review essential considerations in structural…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Lammertink, Imme; Boersma, Paul; Wijnen, Frank; Rispens, Judith – Language Learning, 2020
Successful language use requires the ability to process nonadjacent dependencies (NADs) that occur in linguistic input. Learning such structural regularities seems therefore crucial for children, and researchers have indeed proposed that language problems in children with developmental language disorder (DLD), especially problems with grammar, are…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Developmental Disabilities, Language Impairments, Grammar
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Tachihara, Karina; Goldberg, Adele E. – Language Learning, 2020
Native speakers strongly disprefer novel formulations when a conventional alternative expresses the same intended message, presumably because the more conventional form competes with the novel form. In five studies, second language (L2) speakers were less influenced by competing alternatives than native speakers. L2 speakers accepted novel…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Native Speakers, Task Analysis, Recognition (Psychology)
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Schmid, Monika S.; Karayayla, Tugba – Language Learning, 2020
Recent decades have seen an increase in research informing our understanding of the complex ways in which bilingual development is shaped by biological, cognitive, and behavioral factors. We investigate the predictors that shape, drive, and constrain the development of the first language (L1) of bilinguals, focusing on 92 Turkish-English bilingual…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Language Acquisition
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Flores, Cristina – Language Learning, 2020
This article discusses the dynamic nature of childhood bilingualism by analyzing oral speech from returnee heritage speakers (HSs) of Portuguese, who grew up in Germany, but moved to Portugal in childhood/adolescence. The first dataset from 14 speakers showed that the length of exposure to German predicted the rate of (in)accurate production of…
Descriptors: Language Skill Attrition, Child Language, Bilingualism, Native Language
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Zyzik, Eve – Language Learning, 2020
This article examines the performance of heritage speakers on a bimodal acceptability judgment task that targeted morphologically complex words. A major goal of the study was to compare participants' acceptance of conventional and creative words. Data were collected from 57 adult heritage speakers of Spanish who were subsequently divided into two…
Descriptors: Creativity, Bilingualism, Spanish, Comparative Analysis
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Ortega, Lourdes – Language Learning, 2020
Using the lenses of bilingualism and social justice, I reflect on relevant conceptual and methodological issues encountered in the study of the linguistic development of heritage language speakers. Themes examined include the early but varying timing of heritage language learning; the surrounding linguistic environment, including the link between…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Social Justice, Parent Child Relationship, Linguistic Input
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Flores, Cristina; Gürel, Ayse; Putnam, Michael T. – Language Learning, 2020
Heritage languages (HLs) are acquired in contexts of unbalanced input, or situations in which children receive primary exposure to the family/HL and experience an abrupt shift after the child begins formal schooling. As a consequence, HL speakers normally become more dominant in the environmental language, while the development of the HL is…
Descriptors: Native Language, Heritage Education, Linguistic Input, Language Acquisition
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Lyskawa, Paulina; Nagy, Naomi – Language Learning, 2020
We examined case-marking variation in heritage Polish, Russian, and Ukrainian. Comparing heritage to homeland Polish and Ukrainian speakers, we found only a few types and a few tokens of systematic distinction between heritage and homeland varieties. A total of 6,291 instances of nouns and pronouns were extracted from transcribed conversations…
Descriptors: Slavic Languages, Native Language, Second Language Learning, Grammar
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Bousquette, Joshua; Putnam, Michael T. – Language Learning, 2020
The present work presents a critical assessment of claims in recent literature that moribund language varieties exhibit accelerated language decay, and that attrition in individual grammars has a causational relationship with language shift to the majority language. We show these claims to be unfounded. Based on two empirical points taken from…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Skill Attrition, German, Morphology (Languages)
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Pfenninger, Simone E.; Singleton, David – Language Learning, 2019
Despite contrary research findings, many laypeople still claim that starting second language (L2) instruction early yields linguistic advantages. This assertion is again undermined by a 5-year longitudinal study conducted in Switzerland testing the English language skills of 636 secondary-school students who had all learned Standard German and…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Secondary School Students
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