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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,178 results Save | Export
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Critten, Rory G.; Dutton, Elisabeth – Language Learning, 2021
This article introduces the nonmedievalist reader to the multilingual landscape of England 700-1400. Building on recent work exploring in particular the relationships among English, French, and Latin in medieval England, it discusses a series of "multilingual moments" from a range of sources, including letters, poems, travel writings,…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Medieval History, Foreign Countries, English
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Berthele, Raphael – Language Learning, 2021
This article addresses different ways scholars conceptualize the multilingual repertoire. Formal and functional approaches investigate crosslinguistic influence across clearly demarcated languages, while dynamic systems theory and translanguaging approaches question countability and boundedness of languages. Problems with both perspectives are…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Bilingualism, Language Research, Transfer of Training
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Festman, Julia – Language Learning, 2021
This review scrutinizes the evidence concerning the factors that affect the ease with which multilinguals learn additional languages. First, I focus on language learning experiences that could help multilinguals acquire new languages (e.g., consequences of exposure, use of prior knowledge, biliteracy). I then discuss how multilinguals manage…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Language Processing, Psycholinguistics, Evidence
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Chuang, Yu-Ying; Bell, Melanie J.; Banke, Isabelle; Baayen, R. Harald – Language Learning, 2021
This study addresses whether there is anything special about learning a third language, as compared to learning a second language, that results solely from the order of acquisition. We use a computational model based on the mathematical framework of Linear Discriminative Learning to explore this question for the acquisition of a small trilingual…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Second Language Learning, Computational Linguistics, Psycholinguistics
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Beisbart, Claus – Language Learning, 2021
Does complexity make multilingualism special? Since there is no unequivocal notion of complexity on which researchers agree, several characteristics that have been considered crucial for complexity are brought to bear on multilingualism. While multilingualism is fairly complex in some senses, for instance, because it requires that many variables…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism, Systems Approach
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Lago, Sol; Mosca, Michela; Stutter Garcia, Anna – Language Learning, 2021
Multilingual research could offer a unique perspective on how the languages already acquired by a person affect the online processing of a new language. But it is currently difficult to assess this issue because theoretical accounts of multilingualism have focused on acquisition rather than processing and most empirical research to date has…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Second Language Learning, Language Processing, Prediction
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Frank, Stefan L. – Language Learning, 2021
Although computational models can simulate aspects of human sentence processing, research on this topic has remained almost exclusively limited to the single language case. The current review presents an overview of the state of the art in computational cognitive models of sentence processing, and discusses how recent sentence-processing models…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, Psycholinguistics
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Pellicer-Sánchez, Ana; Conklin, Kathy; Vilkaite-Lozdiene, Laura – Language Learning, 2021
This study examined the effect of pre-reading vocabulary instruction on learners' attention and vocabulary learning. We randomly assigned participants (L1 = 92; L2 = 88) to one of four conditions: pre-reading instruction, where participants' received explicit instruction on six novel items and read a text with the items repeated eight times;…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Second Language Learning, Language Acquisition, Comparative Analysis
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Öksüz, Dogus; Brezina, Vaclav; Rebuschat, Patrick – Language Learning, 2021
This study investigated the effects of individual word frequency, collocational frequency, and association on L1 and L2 collocational processing. An acceptability judgment task was administered to L1 and L2 speakers of English. Response times were analyzed using mixed-effects modeling for 3 types of adjective-noun pairs: (a) high-frequency, (b)…
Descriptors: Phrase Structure, Native Language, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Chládková, Katerina; Šimácková, Šárka – Language Learning, 2021
Distributional learning is typically understood as (unattended) tracking of stimulus probabilities. Distributional training with speech yields mixed results and the influencing factors have not yet been fully investigated. This study explored whether prior linguistic experience could have an effect on distributional learning outcomes. Czech and…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Native Language, Greek, Slavic Languages
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Crowther, Dustin; Kim, Susie; Lee, Jongbong; Lim, Jungmin; Loewen, Shawn – Language Learning, 2021
We present a review of second language researchers' use of cluster analysis, an advanced statistical method still uncommon but increasingly used to identify groups or patterns in a dataset and to examine group differences. After describing key methodological considerations in conducting cluster analysis, we present a methodological synthesis of 65…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Research, Research Reports, Multivariate Analysis
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Nagle, Charles L. – Language Learning, 2021
Models of L2 pronunciation learning have hypothesized that accurate speech perception promotes accurate speech production. This claim can be evaluated longitudinally by examining the extent to which changes in stop consonant perception predict changes in stop consonant production. Taking a time-sensitive view of the perception-production link,…
Descriptors: Models, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Speech Communication
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Ke, Sihui; Miller, Ryan T.; Zhang, Dongbo; Koda, Keiko – Language Learning, 2021
This study examined the crosslinguistic sharing of morphological awareness (MA) in biliteracy development. The analysis included 34 correlational studies with 41 independent samples (N = 4,104). Correlational coefficients were meta-analyzed, yielding four main findings: (a) the correlation between first language (L1) and second language (L2) MA…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Native Language, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension
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Moranski, Kara; Ziegler, Nicole – Language Learning, 2021
Multisite research (MSR) offers the key advantages of greater statistical power and external validity via larger and more diverse participant pools. In second language acquisition (SLA) research, recent developments in meta-analysis have created a robust foundation for MSR. Although logistical and financial obstacles can complicate expansion…
Descriptors: Validity, Language Research, Second Language Learning, Meta Analysis
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Pelzl, Eric; Lau, Ellen F.; Jackson, Scott R.; Guo, Taomei; Gor, Kira – Language Learning, 2021
Previous event-related potentials (ERP) research has investigated how foreign accent modulates listeners' neural responses to lexical-semantic and morphosyntactic errors. We extended this line of research to consider whether pronunciation errors in Mandarin Chinese are processed differently when a foreign-accented speaker makes them relative to…
Descriptors: Intonation, Mandarin Chinese, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Pronunciation
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