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Showing 106 to 120 of 205 results Save | Export
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Jaensch, Carol; Heyer, Vera; Gordon, Peter; Clahsen, Harald – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
Morphological systems are constrained in how they interact with each other. One case that has been widely studied in the psycholinguistic literature is the avoidance of plurals inside compounds (e.g. *"rats eater" vs. "rat eater") in English and other languages, the so-called "plurals-in-compounds effect." Several…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Psycholinguistics, Semantics
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Foote, Rebecca – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
Speakers of gender-agreement languages use gender-marked elements of the noun phrase in spoken-word recognition: A congruent marking on a determiner or adjective facilitates the recognition of a subsequent noun, while an incongruent marking inhibits its recognition. However, while monolinguals and early language learners evidence this…
Descriptors: Language Research, Spanish, Nouns, Phrase Structure
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Huang, Aijun; Crain, Stephen – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
In addition to serving as question markers with interrogative force, "wh"-words such as "shenme" "what" in Mandarin Chinese have a noninterrogative meaning. For the noninterrogative meaning, these words have been typically analyzed as negative polarity items, i.e., as "wh"-pronouns that are similar in…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Mandarin Chinese, Language Research
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Terzi, Arhonto; Marinis, Theodoros; Kotsopoulou, Angeliki; Francis, Konstantinos – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
This study investigates pronoun reference and verbs with nonactive morphology in high-functioning Greek-speaking children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). It is motivated by problems with reflexive pronouns demonstrated by English-speaking children with ASD and the fact that reflexivity is also expressed via nonactive (reflexive) verbs in…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Greek, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Anderssen, Merete; Rodina, Yulia; Mykhaylyk, Roksolana; Fikkert, Paula – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
The "Given-before-New" principle has been identified as one of the strongest pragmatic principles governing how information is organized in adult grammar (Clark & Clark 1977; Gundel 1988). The question of whether child grammars organize information in the same way is as yet unresolved. We address this question by considering the…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Foreign Countries, Verbs, Grammar
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Cournane, Ailís – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
The lexical mapping of abstract functional words like modal verbs is an open problem in acquisition (e.g., Gleitman et al. 2005). In diachronic linguistics it has been proposed that learner mapping errors are responsible for innovations in the historical record (see Kiparsky 1974; Roberts & Roussou 2003, among others). This suggests that child…
Descriptors: Native Language, Verbs, Preferences, Task Analysis
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Hsu, Dong-Bo – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
Three experiments on structural priming in Mandarin-speaking 5-year-olds were conducted to test the priming as implicit learning hypothesis. It describes a learning mechanism that acts on a shared abstract syntactic representation in response to linguistic input using an equi-biased Mandarin SVO-"ba" alternation. The first two…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Syntax, Priming, Language Processing
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Su, Yi – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
This study investigates 2-5-year-old Mandarin-speaking children's interpretation of the disjunction word "huozhe" ("or") in two positions in "ruguo" ("if")-conditional statements, i.e., in the antecedent clause versus in the consequent clause. The findings from three experiments show that the meanings…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Phrase Structure, Mandarin Chinese, Toddlers
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Hopp, Holger – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
This article investigates whether and how L2 sentence processing is affected by memory constraints that force serial parsing. Monitoring eye movements, we test effects of working memory on L2 relative-clause attachment preferences in a sample of 75 late-adult German learners of English and 25 native English controls. Mixed linear regression…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Language Research, Second Language Learning, Language Processing
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Yang, Suying – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
Through examining all instances of the nontarget "be" before verbs in the written interlanguage of Chinese learners at different proficiency levels, the present study reveals that nontarget "be" performs different functions, and there is a function shift from low to high proficiency levels. At the lowest levels, "be"…
Descriptors: Written Language, Interlanguage, Semantics, Syntax
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Syrett, Kristen; Musolino, Julien – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Sentences containing plural numerical expressions (e.g., "two boys") can give rise to two interpretations (collective and distributive), arising from the fact that their representation admits of a part-whole structure. We present the results of a series of experiments designed to explore children's understanding of this distinction…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Comprehension, Child Language, Preschool Children
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Arunachalam, Sudha; Leddon, Erin M.; Song, Hyun-joo; Lee, Yoonha; Waxman, Sandra R. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Research on early word learning reveals that verbs present a unique challenge. While English-acquiring 24-month-olds can learn novel verbs and extend them to new scenes, they perform better in rich linguistic contexts (when novel verbs appear with lexicalized noun phrases naming the event participants) than in sparser linguistic contexts…
Descriptors: Verbs, Korean, Language Acquisition, Toddlers
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Miller, Karen – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Two recent proposals link the use of nonagreeing "don't" to the Root Infinitive (RI) Stage. Guasti & Rizzi (2002) argue for a misset parameter involving how agreement is spelled out. Schütze (2010) proposes that Infl is underspecified in child language and that "do" surfaces to support the contracted clitic/affix…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Linguistic Input, Linguistic Theory, Child Language
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Pearl, Lisa; Sprouse, Jon – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
The induction problems facing language learners have played a central role in debates about the types of learning biases that exist in the human brain. Many linguists have argued that some of the learning biases necessary to solve these language induction problems must be both innate and language-specific (i.e., the Universal Grammar (UG)…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Syntax, Brain, Learning Strategies
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Unsworth, Sharon – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
This study compares the development of three different types of bilingual/second language children in their acquisition of gender-marking on adjectives in Dutch to investigate whether there is evidence for age-of-onset effects in early childhood as proposed by Meisel (2009). The three groups of children are: simultaneous bilingual children,…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Bilingualism, Second Language Learning, Monolingualism
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