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Showing 46 to 60 of 200 results Save | Export
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Albirini, Abdulkafi – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study examined two common accounts of heritage speakers' nonnative attainment in their heritage/first language (L1), one attributing it to the influence of the second language (L2) and another to insufficient L1 input. Three groups of children who were heritage speakers of Arabic and who varied in their age of L2 exposure and type and amount…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Heritage Education, Native Language Instruction, Language Acquisition
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Özçelik, Öner – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This article explores the role of transfer and Universal Grammar (UG) in second language (L2) phonology by investigating the L2 acquisition of stress/prominence in footless languages, such as Turkish and French, which have fixed word- and phrase-final prominence respectively. It is proposed that once the prosodic constituent Foot is projected in a…
Descriptors: Language Universals, Grammar, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Dimroth, Christine; Schimke, Sarah; Turco, Giuseppina – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
We examine whether German children attach an adultlike relevance to the pragmatic category of polarity contrast (e.g., "In my picture the child IS eating the candies" following after "In my picture the child is not eating the candies") with linguistic expressions (i.e., the affirmative particles…
Descriptors: German, Form Classes (Languages), Language Acquisition, Children
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Aravind, Athulya; Hackl, Martin; Wexler, Ken – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
We present a series of experiments investigating English-speaking children's comprehension of "it"-clefts and "wh"-pseudoclefts. Previous developmental work has found children to have asymmetric difficulties interpreting object clefts. We show that these difficulties disappear when clefts are presented in felicitous contexts,…
Descriptors: Syntax, Pragmatics, English, Language Acquisition
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Veríssimo, João; Heyer, Vera; Jacob, Gunnar; Clahsen, Harald – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
Is there an ideal time window for language acquisition after which nativelike representation and processing are unattainable? Although this question has been heavily debated, no consensus has been reached. Here, we present evidence for a sensitive period in language development and show that it is specific to grammar. We conducted a masked priming…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Age Differences, Grammar, Bilingualism
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Covey, Lauren; Gabriele, Alison; Fiorentino, Robert – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study investigates L2 learners' ability to use morphosyntactic gender as a predictive cue during the processing of Hindi agreement dependencies. Nine L2 learners of low-intermediate proficiency and nine highly proficient multilingual speakers who consider Hindi one of their dominant languages were tested using a speeded picture-selection…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Second Language Learning, Morphology (Languages), Syntax
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Pearl, Lisa – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
Generative approaches to language have long recognized the natural link between theories of knowledge representation and theories of knowledge acquisition. The basic idea is that the knowledge representations provided by Universal Grammar enable children to acquire language as reliably as they do because these representations highlight the…
Descriptors: Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Theory, Computational Linguistics
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Tesar, Bruce – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
The concept of an output-driven map formally characterizes an intuitive notion about phonology: that disparities between the input and the output are introduced only to the extent necessary to satisfy restrictions on outputs. When all of the grammars definable in a phonological system are output-driven, the implied structure provides significant…
Descriptors: Phonology, Language Research, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Fodor, Janet Dean – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
An evaluation measure (EM) guides a learner's choice of grammar when more than one is compatible with available input. EM must be universal, so children receiving comparable input acquire comparable grammars. It must favor the choices children actually make. The theoretical shift from rule-based grammars to principles-and-parameter-based grammars…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Yang, Charles – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
I review the classic literature in generative grammar and Marr's three-level program for cognitive science to defend the Evaluation Metric as a psychological theory of language learning. Focusing on well-established facts of language variation, change, and use, I argue that optimal statistical principles embodied in Bayesian inference models are…
Descriptors: Language Research, Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Science
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Fukuda, Shin – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This study investigates the knowledge of unaccusativity in Japanese native, heritage, and second/foreign language speakers with respect to licensing of floating numeral quantifiers (FNQs) by unaccusative and unergative subjects (the "FNQ diagnostic"). Two acceptability judgment experiments were conducted to examine (i) whether and how…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Form Classes (Languages), Language Research
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Pozzan, Lucia; Valian, Virginia – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
We compare the predictions of two different accounts of first language acquisition by investigating the relative contributions of abstract syntax and input frequency to the elicited production of main and embedded questions by 36 monolingual English-speaking toddlers aged 3;00 to 5;11. In particular, we investigate whether children's accuracy…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Comparative Analysis
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Schwartz, Misha; Goad, Heather – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article proposes that second language learners can use indirect positive evidence (IPE) to acquire a phonological grammar that is a subset of their L1 grammar. IPE is evidence from errors in the learner's L1 made by native speakers of the learner's L2. It has been assumed that subset grammars may be acquired using direct or indirect negative…
Descriptors: Grammar, Native Language, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning
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Håkansson, Gisela – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article suggests a method to deal with cross-linguistic differences in children with Specific Language Impairment. The differences in vulnerable structures reflect typological properties of the surrounding language (e.g., Leonard 2014a, 2014b). This article adds a developmental perspective to the discussion by interpreting the vulnerable…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism
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Xu, Ting; Snyder, William – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
When "again" modifies an English goal-PP construction, the sentence is ambiguous between a repetitive and a restitutive reading. Interestingly, languages vary in whether their counterpart to English "again" permits a restitutive reading with goal-PP constructions (Beck 2005; Beck & Snyder 2001). This article explores how…
Descriptors: Phrase Structure, English, Syntax, Ambiguity (Semantics)
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