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Tesar, Bruce – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
The concept of an output-driven map formally characterizes an intuitive notion about phonology: that disparities between the input and the output are introduced only to the extent necessary to satisfy restrictions on outputs. When all of the grammars definable in a phonological system are output-driven, the implied structure provides significant…
Descriptors: Phonology, Language Research, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Håkansson, Gisela – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article suggests a method to deal with cross-linguistic differences in children with Specific Language Impairment. The differences in vulnerable structures reflect typological properties of the surrounding language (e.g., Leonard 2014a, 2014b). This article adds a developmental perspective to the discussion by interpreting the vulnerable…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism
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Johnson, Adrienne; Minai, Utako – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2016
The current study examined preschool children's ability to evaluate the entailment patterns yielded by sentences containing two downward entailing (DE) operators, "every" and "no." When "no" precedes "every," the entailment pattern typically licensed by "every" changes, but only if "no"…
Descriptors: Semantics, Language Acquisition, Child Language, Sentence Structure
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Tieu, Lyn; Lidz, Jeffrey – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2016
This article presents a study of preschool-aged children's knowledge of the semantics of the negative polarity item (NPI) "any". NPIs like "any" differ in distribution from non-polarity-sensitive indefinites like "a": "Any" is restricted to downward-entailing linguistic environments (Fauconnier 1975, 1979;…
Descriptors: Semantics, Language Acquisition, Preschool Children, Comparative Analysis
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Thornton, Rosalind; Rombough, Kelly – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2015
To test between two recent accounts of the early stages in the acquisition of negation, we conducted an elicited production study with 25 children, between 2;05 and 3;04 (mean 2;11). The experimental study produced a robust set of negative sentences, with considerable individual variation. Although 13 of the child participants mainly produced…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Toddlers
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Jaensch, Carol; Heyer, Vera; Gordon, Peter; Clahsen, Harald – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2014
Morphological systems are constrained in how they interact with each other. One case that has been widely studied in the psycholinguistic literature is the avoidance of plurals inside compounds (e.g. *"rats eater" vs. "rat eater") in English and other languages, the so-called "plurals-in-compounds effect." Several…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Psycholinguistics, Semantics
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Miller, Karen – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2013
Two recent proposals link the use of nonagreeing "don't" to the Root Infinitive (RI) Stage. Guasti & Rizzi (2002) argue for a misset parameter involving how agreement is spelled out. Schütze (2010) proposes that Infl is underspecified in child language and that "do" surfaces to support the contracted clitic/affix…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Linguistic Input, Linguistic Theory, Child Language
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Pirvulescu, Mihaela; Hill, Virginia – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2012
In French, the acquisition of object clitics seems delayed, and omissions are documented. In this article, we look at the experimental paradigm traditionally used to elicit object clitics and propose a new elicitation procedure that is closer to how clitics are produced in spontaneous production. We show that under the proposed new experiment, the…
Descriptors: French, Language Acquisition, Child Language, Task Analysis
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Ionin, Tania; Montrul, Silvina; Kim, Ji-Hye; Philippov, Vadim – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2011
English uses three types of generic NPs: bare plurals ("Lions are dangerous"), definite singulars ("The lion is dangerous"), and indefinite singulars ("A lion is dangerous"). These three NP types are not interchangeable: definite singulars and bare plurals can have generic reference at the NP-level, while indefinite singulars are compatible only…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Second Language Learning, Nouns, Phrase Structure
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Gavarro, Anna; Torrens, Vicenc; Wexler, Ken – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2010
The literature generally assumes that object clitic omission is equally allowed in all child languages. In this paper we challenge this claim by means of an elicitation experiment carried out with children acquiring two closely related languages, Catalan and Spanish. Our results show that while omission is high in young Catalan-speaking children,…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Grammar, Spanish, Child Language
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Schutze, Carson T. – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2010
This paper examines two issues concerning nonagreeing "don't" in child English, e.g., "He don't fit". (1) Do children know that "don't" consists of auxiliary "do" plus sentential negation, or do they misanalyze it simply as negation? I argue that the former claim yields both empirical (distributional) and conceptual advantages, while the latter…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Acquisition, Morphemes, Child Language
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Unsworth, Sharon; Gualmini, Andrea; Helder, Christina – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2008
Previous research suggests that children's behavior with respect to the interpretation of indefinite objects in negative sentences may differ depending on the target language: whereas young English-speaking children tend to select a surface scope interpretation (e.g., Musolino (1998)), young Dutch-speaking children consistently prefer an inverse…
Descriptors: Sentences, Speech Communication, Grammar, Indo European Languages