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Showing 1 to 15 of 156 results Save | Export
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Perovic, Alexandra; Wexler, Ken – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study investigates the knowledge of binding in 21 English-speaking children with SLI, aged 6;08-16;05, compared to 21 children with WS, language- and age-matched, and 21 language-matched control children, aged 4-7;10. Our results demonstrate no difficulties in the interpretation of reflexive or personal pronouns in SLI, revealing an intact…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Children
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dos Santos, Christophe; Ferré, Sandrine – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) are particularly sensitive to phonological complexity in their language. Their performance drops when there are specific phonological structures or when complexity increases. A nonword repetition (NWR) test, which aims to assess the phonology of bilingual speakers with and without SLI, should…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Bilingualism, French, Phonology
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Penke, Martina; Rothweiler, Monika – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
The study aims at identifying characteristic phenotypes for children with SLI and children with sensorineural hearing impairment (HI) in language and in domains associated with language. We focus on verbal agreement inflection and phonological short-term memory, phenomena that have been repeatedly found to be impaired in both groups of children. A…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Impairments, Hearing Impairments, German
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Fleckstein, Alice; Prévost, Philippe; Tuller, Laurice; Sizaret, Eva; Zebib, Rasha – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
Identifying specific language impairment (SLI) in bilingual children represents a clinical challenge because of similarities in language behavior between child second language learners and monolinguals with SLI and because of the lack of standardized language tests on bilingual children. This study investigated the relevance of a LITMUS (Language…
Descriptors: Identification, Language Impairments, French, Bilingualism
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Castilla-Earls, Anny; Pérez-Leroux, Ana Teresa; Restrepo, Maria Adelaida; Gaile, Daniel; Chen, Ziqiang – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study investigates the use of the Spanish subjunctive in bilingual children with and without specific language impairments (SLI). Using an elicitation task, we examine: (i) the potential of the subjunctive as a grammatical marker of SLI in Spanish-English bilingual children, (ii) the extent to which degree of bilingualism affects performance,…
Descriptors: Spanish, Bilingualism, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Torrens, Vicenç; Yagüe, Esther – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This article studies three measures of phonological working memory as tools to identify SLI children: word repetition, nonce word repetition, and digit memory. We propose that a deficit in the phonological loop causes a delay in the acquisition of lexicon, morphosyntax, and discourse. In this research we try to find out whether the scores in these…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Speech Impairments, Short Term Memory, Phonology
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Schaeffer, Jeannette – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study investigates the question as to whether and how the linguistic and other cognitive abilities of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) differ from those of children with High-Functioning Autism (HFA). To this end, 27 Dutch-speaking elementary-school-age children with SLI, 27 age-matched children with HFA, and a control group…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Ability, Language Skills
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Pearl, Lisa – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
Generative approaches to language have long recognized the natural link between theories of knowledge representation and theories of knowledge acquisition. The basic idea is that the knowledge representations provided by Universal Grammar enable children to acquire language as reliably as they do because these representations highlight the…
Descriptors: Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Theory, Computational Linguistics
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Tesar, Bruce – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
The concept of an output-driven map formally characterizes an intuitive notion about phonology: that disparities between the input and the output are introduced only to the extent necessary to satisfy restrictions on outputs. When all of the grammars definable in a phonological system are output-driven, the implied structure provides significant…
Descriptors: Phonology, Language Research, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Fodor, Janet Dean – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
An evaluation measure (EM) guides a learner's choice of grammar when more than one is compatible with available input. EM must be universal, so children receiving comparable input acquire comparable grammars. It must favor the choices children actually make. The theoretical shift from rule-based grammars to principles-and-parameter-based grammars…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Grammar
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Yang, Charles – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
I review the classic literature in generative grammar and Marr's three-level program for cognitive science to defend the Evaluation Metric as a psychological theory of language learning. Focusing on well-established facts of language variation, change, and use, I argue that optimal statistical principles embodied in Bayesian inference models are…
Descriptors: Language Research, Generative Grammar, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Science
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Fukuda, Shin – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This study investigates the knowledge of unaccusativity in Japanese native, heritage, and second/foreign language speakers with respect to licensing of floating numeral quantifiers (FNQs) by unaccusative and unergative subjects (the "FNQ diagnostic"). Two acceptability judgment experiments were conducted to examine (i) whether and how…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Form Classes (Languages), Language Research
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Pozzan, Lucia; Valian, Virginia – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
We compare the predictions of two different accounts of first language acquisition by investigating the relative contributions of abstract syntax and input frequency to the elicited production of main and embedded questions by 36 monolingual English-speaking toddlers aged 3;00 to 5;11. In particular, we investigate whether children's accuracy…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Comparative Analysis
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Schwartz, Misha; Goad, Heather – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article proposes that second language learners can use indirect positive evidence (IPE) to acquire a phonological grammar that is a subset of their L1 grammar. IPE is evidence from errors in the learner's L1 made by native speakers of the learner's L2. It has been assumed that subset grammars may be acquired using direct or indirect negative…
Descriptors: Grammar, Native Language, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning
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Håkansson, Gisela – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2017
This article suggests a method to deal with cross-linguistic differences in children with Specific Language Impairment. The differences in vulnerable structures reflect typological properties of the surrounding language (e.g., Leonard 2014a, 2014b). This article adds a developmental perspective to the discussion by interpreting the vulnerable…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism
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