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McIntyre, Nancy S.; Tomaszewski, Brianne; Hume, Kara A.; Odom, Samuel L. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: For many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), postsecondary outcomes are poor. This may be due to insufficient academic supports, particularly with regard to literacy skills, during high school. More information is needed about skill profiles so that we can better differentiate support for students with varying social,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Students with Disabilities
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Maher, Zachary K.; Erskine, Michelle E.; Byrd, Arynn S.; Harring, Jeffrey R.; Edwards, Jan R. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Many studies have found a correlation between overall usage rates of nonmainstream forms and reading scores, but less is known about which dialect differences are most predictive. Here, we consider different methods of characterizing African American English use from existing assessments and examine which methods best predict literacy…
Descriptors: Black Dialects, Emergent Literacy, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Aho, Carson; Werfel, Krystal L. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if group differences exist in spelling accuracy or spelling errors between kindergarten children with hearing loss and children with normal hearing loss. Method: Participants included 23 kindergarten children with hearing loss and 21 children with normal hearing. All children used spoken English…
Descriptors: Spelling, Kindergarten, Hearing Impairments, Error Analysis (Language)
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Oh, Min Hyun; Mancilla-Martinez, Jeannette – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Despite the unprecedented growth of Spanish-English dual language learners (DLLs) in new destination states--where DLLs have not been historically served--empirical understanding of their language and literacy skills is scant. Drawing on scientific understandings of bilingual language acquisition, we compare monolingually scored and…
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Spanish Speaking, English (Second Language), Grade 2
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Clendon, Sally; Paynter, Jessica; Walker, Sue; Bowen, Rachael; Westerveld, Marleen F. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at increased risk of experiencing difficulties with the development of literacy, including the emergent literacy skills recognized to underpin conventional literacy success. Comprehensive assessment is essential. Characteristics of ASD can make assessment challenging, and this can be…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emergent Literacy, Verbal Communication
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Fleury, Veronica P.; Whalon, Kelly; Gilmore, Carolyn; Wang, Xiaoning; Marks, Richard – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Reading involves the ability to decode and draw meaning from printed text. Reading skill profiles vary widely among learners with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). One fairly common pattern is relative strength in decoding combined with weak comprehension skills--indicators of this profile emerge as early as the preschool years. In order…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reading Strategies
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Byrd, Arynn S.; Brown, Jennifer A. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Dialect-shifting has shown promise as an effective way to improve academic outcomes of students who speak nonmainstream dialects such as African American English (AAE); however, limited studies have examined the impacts of an interprofessional approach with multiple instructional methods. In this study, we developed a dialect-shifting…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Black Dialects, Interprofessional Relationship, Elementary School Teachers
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Guo, Ling-Yu; Schneider, Phyllis; Harrison, William – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: This study provided reference data and examined psychometric properties for clausal density (CD; i.e., number of clauses per utterance) in children between ages 4 and 9 years from the database of the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI). Method: Participants in the ENNI database included 300 children with typical language (TL) and…
Descriptors: Children, Story Telling, Language Impairments, Syntax
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Eccles, Renata; van der Linde, Jeannie; le Roux, Mia; Holloway, Jenny; MacCutcheon, Douglas; Ljung, Robert; Swanepoel, De Wet – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose Phonological awareness (PA) requires the complex integration of language, speech, and auditory processing abilities. Enhanced pitch and rhythm discrimination have been shown to improve PA and speech-in-noise (SiN) discrimination. The screening of pitch and rhythm discrimination, if nonlinguistic correlates of these abilities, could…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Intonation, Auditory Discrimination, Acoustics
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Hamilton, Megan-Brette; DeThorne, Laura – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Using a framework of culturally and linguistically responsive classroom management, this study employed both quantitative and qualitative analyses of ethnographic data to illustrate patterns of corrections/behavioral warnings in teacher-child interactions for an African American child in the classroom. Method: Three child participants and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, African American Students, Teacher Student Relationship, Classroom Techniques
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Mills, Monique T.; Moore, Leslie C.; Chang, Rong; Kim, Somin; Frick, Bethany – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: In this mixed-methods study, we address two aims. First, we examine the impact of language variation on the ratings of children's narrative language. Second, we identify participants' ideologies related to narrative language and language variation. Method: Forty adults listened to and rated six Black second-grade children on the quality…
Descriptors: African American Children, Language Usage, Story Telling, Language Variation
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Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Solari, Emily J. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the print knowledge of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in comparison to children who have developmental language disorder (DLD) and typically developing (TD) children as well as examine the child and family predictors of print knowledge. Method: A total of 629 preschool children, including 33…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Developmental Disabilities
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Mahurin-Smith, Jamie; Mills, Monique T.; Chang, Rong – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: This study was designed to assess the utility of a tool for automated analysis of rare vocabulary use in the spoken narratives of a group of school-age children from low-income communities. Method: We evaluated personal and fictional narratives from 76 school-age children from low-income communities (M[subscript age] = 9;3…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Elementary School Students, Low Income Students, Oral Language
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Neave-DiToro, Dorothy; Fuse, Akiko; Bergen, Michael – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: Sensitivity to sounds and atypical reactions to sensory input by individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been reported in the literature. In response to this sensitivity, some individuals use ear protection devices (EPDs) such as noise-canceling headphones, earplugs, or earmuffs to attenuate the perceived unpleasant sounds.…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Hearing (Physiology), Assistive Technology, Auditory Perception
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Schiller, Isabel S.; Morsomme, Dominique; Kob, Malte; Remacle, Angélique – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2021
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate children's processing of dysphonic speech in a realistic classroom setting, under the influence of added classroom noise. Method: Typically developing 6-year-old primary school children performed two listening tasks in their regular classrooms--a phoneme discrimination task to assess speech…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Language Processing, Elementary School Students, Speech
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