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Keystone Research Center, 2019
Pennsylvania's public schools employ tens of thousands of support professionals -- bus drivers, cafeteria workers, custodians, maintenance workers, secretaries, paraprofessionals, and others. Due to fiscal challenges that many local districts face, school administrators often look to achieve savings and flexibility by outsourcing the provision of…
Descriptors: School Districts, Public Schools, Outsourcing, Costs
Herzenberg, Stephen; Alic, John – Keystone Research Center, 2019
This is the first report of a Keystone Research Center project on the "Future of Work." The aim is to identify public policies that could help ensure that the application and diffusion of artificial intelligence (AI) over the next several decades fosters an economy in which Americans generally thrive. The project is motivated, in part,…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Public Policy, Economics, Technological Advancement
Price, Mark; Herzenberg, Stephen; Polson, Diana – Keystone Research Center, 2018
Raising incomes and increasing opportunity hinges critically on access to post-secondary education and training. If Pennsylvania does not expand access to higher education to more of its citizens, the authors argue, the Commonwealth's economy will suffer and living standards will lag growth elsewhere. With a modest and smart investment,…
Descriptors: Paying for College, Access to Education, Educational Finance, State Aid
Price, Mark – Keystone Research Center, 2017
Far from providing relief for working families, recent proposals to eliminate school property taxes in Pennsylvania would increase taxes on the middle class while sabotaging the chance to adequately fund Pennsylvania schools for middle- and low-income families. This report provides the first estimates of the impact of property tax elimination…
Descriptors: Taxes, Middle Class, Low Income Groups, State Regulation
Polson, Diana; Herzenberg, Stephen; Price, Mark – Keystone Research Center, 2017
The 14 four-year universities within Pennsylvania's State System of Higher Education have been a pivotal engine of upward mobility for working families in Pennsylvania for decades. Today, the role of these schools in making the American Dream a reality for a hundred thousand Pennsylvanians each generation is threatened. Deep cuts in state funding…
Descriptors: Costs, Higher Education, Social Mobility, State Aid
Henninger-Voss, Eugene; Herzenberg, Stephen – Keystone Research Center, 2017
Pennsylvania's public four-year colleges currently confront a funding and enrollment crisis, with three of the most distressed Universities in northern and western Pennsylvania regions that lack community colleges. This crisis presents Pennsylvania, and its state legislators: do they want to continue the policies of the past three decades, which…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, Educational Finance, Financial Problems, Enrollment Trends
Keystone Research Center, 2015
Gov. Wolf has indicated his willingness to modify pensions for future Pennsylvania public sector workers by using a variant of the "stacked hybrid" design proposed in 2013 by Pottsville Republican Rep. Mike Tobash. Negotiations of a compromise pension deal, however, remain stalled because Senate leaders remain committed to their own…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, State Legislation, State Action, Personnel Policy
Herzenberg, Stephen; McAuliff, John – Keystone Research Center, 2015
State efforts to boost the economy--economic development--first came to Pennsylvania in the 1950s with the establishment of the Pennsylvania Industrial Development Authority (PIDA) low interest loan program used to recruit manufacturers to Pennsylvania, including devastated coal regions. Since that time, economic development in Pennsylvania and…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Strategic Planning, Economic Change, Economic Opportunities
Price, Mark; Sommeiller, Estelle; Wazeter, Ellis; Basurto, Luis – Keystone Research Center, 2014
The pace of income growth since the 1970s has been slower for Pennsylvanians than in the 30 years following 1945. In addition to being slower, income growth since the 1970s has also been lopsided, with a small fraction of the highest-income households capturing most income growth in Pennsylvania. This report examines the extent to which these…
Descriptors: Income, Trend Analysis, Middle Class, Population Distribution
Herzenberg, Stephen; Price, Mark; Wood, Michael – Keystone Research Center, 2014
Pennsylvania's deep cuts in funding to K-12 education since 2010-11 have drawn a great deal of attention in recent months. Less widely recognized is the fact that Pennsylvania enacted even deeper cuts, on a percentage basis, to funding for public higher education in the same period. Four-year colleges received the largest reductions in funding,…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Investment, Educational Opportunities, Educational Development
Price, Mark; Herzenberg, Stephen; Brandon, Sean; Herzenberg, Teresa – Keystone Research Center, 2012
This study examines the cost of transportation services for Pennsylvania's school districts, focusing especially on the impact on costs of contracting out. Using data from the Pennsylvania Department of Education from 1986 to 2008, the study statistically analyzes total costs, the costs to the state, and the costs to local school districts. On…
Descriptors: School Districts, Student Transportation, Costs, State Programs
Brill, Deidre; Herzenberg, Stephen – Keystone Research Center, 2010
Over the last generation, the instructional staffing system in U.S. higher education has experienced a significant reduction in the proportion of jobs for full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty members and a dramatic growth in "contingent" instructors--full-time non tenure track, part-time/adjunct faculty and graduate employees.…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Employment Patterns, College Faculty, Tenure
Wial, Howard – Keystone Research Center, 2004
The Pennsylvania legislature is considering a school finance proposal, exemplified by House Bill 113 of the 2003 legislative session, that would shift some school funding away from local property taxes and toward state funds and local income taxes. The proposal would give greater proportional benefits to homeowners with lower property values. A…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, State Legislation, School Taxes, School District Wealth