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ERIC Number: EJ1412187
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2023
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1175-9232
What Are the Reasons for Absenteeism in Secondary Education in New Zealand/Aotearoa? A Systematic Review of the Qualitative Literature Using Student Voice Research
Anna Richards; Kayleen Clark-Howard
Kairaranga, v24 n2 p73-94 2023
In New Zealand/Aotearoa, high levels of secondary school absenteeism are a nationwide problem. Absenteeism is associated with a range of adverse outcomes for individuals and has detrimental effects on society. Since the global COVID-19 pandemic, with the government closing schools during lockdowns, absenteeism has reached epidemic proportions as students have failed to return to school. Despite the considerable concerns around absenteeism, there remains a significant gap in the research literature regarding the circumstances that influence students' decisions not to attend school. This systematic literature review of qualitative research conducted in Aotearoa through student voice examines adolescents' reasons for being absent from school. The review found that many underlying factors influence absenteeism, including teacher/student relationships, the school environment, peer relationships, curriculum and pedagogy, and family and personal well-being. This review found that the most critical theme that influenced student non-attendance at school is relationships. These findings indicate that relational pedagogies and restorative practices in schools, which serve to support and sustain student relationships with their teachers and peers, could reduce absenteeism.
Massey University. Private Bag 11 222; Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Tel: +64-6-351-3396; Fax: +64-6-351-3472; email:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A