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Showing 316 to 330 of 336 results Save | Export
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Smith, Carol; Unger, Chris – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1997
Explores student ability to differentiate and make mappings between quantities in different domains before and after a relevant curricular experience. Contends that conceptual bootstrapping involves a multistepped mapping process that is facilitated through classroom dialog, problem solving, and instruction. (Author/DKM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Elementary Secondary Education
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van Zee, Emily; Minstrell, Jim – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1997
Analyzes ways in which an experienced physics teacher uses questioning to guide student thinking during a benchmark discussion on measurement. Proposes that teachers may shift toward more reflective discourse by asking questions that help students clarify their meanings, consider various points of view, and monitor their own thinking. (Author/DKM)
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary Secondary Education, Measurement
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Coleman, Elaine B.; Rivkin, Inna D.; Brown, Ann L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1997
Explores the influence of offering different instructions to undergraduate students prior to their learning an expository text on evolutionary biology. Participants were asked to either explain, summarize, or listen to another's explanation. Overall, explainers outperformed summarizers. Moreover, the teach-through-explanation condition had the…
Descriptors: Biology, Books, Elementary Secondary Education, Evolution
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Kozma, Robert; Chin, Elaine; Russell, Joel; Marx, Nancy – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2000
Describes how scientists use representations and tools in the chemistry laboratory. Derives implications from these findings for the design of educational environments. (Author/CCM)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Design, Educational Environment, Higher Education
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Jacobson, Michael J.; Archodidou, Anthi – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2000
Explains that hypermedia tools may be developed for case and problem-centered learning in order to achieve significant learning outcomes, such as deep conceptual understanding, conceptual change, and knowledge transfer. (Author/CCM)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Design, Higher Education, Hypermedia
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Barron, Brigid – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2000
Investigates interactive processes among group partners and the relationship of these processes to problem-solving outcomes in two contrasting groups. Identifies three major contrastive dimensions in group interaction: (1) he mutuality of exchanges; (2) the achievement of joint attentional engagement; and (3) the alignment of group members' goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cooperative Learning, Group Dynamics, Interaction
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Lehrer, Richard; Lee, Mihwa; Jeong, Allan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1999
Assesses the cognitive consequences of reflective teaching practices compared to inquiry teaching practices on the acquisition and transfer of LOGO computer programming for 2nd- and 5th-grade students. Finds that children that participated in the reflective context developed beliefs about programming practices that were tightly coupled with their…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Elementary Education, Grade 2, Grade 5
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Koschmann, Timothy; Ohlsson, Stellan; Perkins, David N. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1998
Three articles discuss "The Bell Curve" and its theory that IQ is an inherited trait rather than an acquired skill. Topics include implications for educational designers, IQ tests, cognitive architecture, learning mechanisms, and abstract knowledge structures. (LRW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Psychology, Instructional Design, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests
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Resnick, Mitchel; Wilensky, Uri – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1998
Argues that role-playing activities can be a powerful tool in mathematics and science education, particularly in the new sciences of complexity (i.e., the study of complex systems). Two role-playing activities are described, each designed to help students develop better intuitions on how complex phenomena can arise from simple interactions, and…
Descriptors: Decentralization, Group Activities, Group Dynamics, Learning Activities
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Koschmann, Timothy; Roschelle, Jeremy; Nardi, Bonnie A. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1998
Includes three articles that discuss activity theory, based on "Context and Consciousness." Topics include human-computer interaction; computer interfaces; hierarchical structuring; mediation; contradictions and development; failure analysis; and designing educational technology. (LRW)
Descriptors: Computer Interfaces, Educational Technology, Instructional Design, Man Machine Systems
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Taylor, Jill; Cox, Brian D. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1997
Socially assisted group learning was evaluated in terms of its effectiveness in promoting fourth-grade students' solution of complex two-step word problems. Suggests that those in the socially assisted learning condition used labeled representations in problem solving more effectively and deduced implied information earlier and more often than…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cooperative Learning, Grade 4, Group Instruction
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Bhatta, Sambasiva; Goel, Ashok – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1997
Generic teleological mechanisms (GTMs) are a class of strategic concepts especially useful in adaptive design. GTMs are abstract functional and causal patterns that lead to adaptation strategies for innovative design. Adopts a task-directed approach to learning, and describes a model-based method for learning GTMs from design methods. (Author/DKM)
Descriptors: Active Learning, Cognitive Processes, Design, Developmental Tasks
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Hmelo, Cindy E.; Holton, Douglas L.; Kolodner, Janet L. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2000
Indicates the presence of complex structural, behavioral, and functional relations to understanding. Reports on a design experiment in which 6th grade children learned about the human respiratory system by designing artificial lungs and building partial working models. Makes suggestions for successful learning from design activities. (Contains 44…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Biology, Concept Formation, Design
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Sadler, Philip M.; Coyle, Harold P.; Schwartz, Marc – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2000
Experiments with exercises that are distinguished from those employed with elite students by reducing competition and increasing cooperation through the use of tests against nature, large dynamic ranges in performance, initial prototype designs, and alternative methods of recording and presenting results. Finds that formulating easily understood…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Engineering Education
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Chaney-Cullen, Tammy; Duffy, Thomas M. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 1999
Describes and evaluates a technology source, Strategic Teaching Framework (STF), to support elementary school teachers in adopting a situated, constructivist approach to teaching mathematics. Presents three case studies of teachers as well as a cross-case analysis. Discusses changes in teaching practices and the conceptualization of those changes.…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Education, Learning Activities
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