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Showing 136 to 150 of 340 results Save | Export
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Lobato, Joanne; Rhodehamel, Bohdan; Hohensee, Charles – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
As transfer researchers have begun to investigate a broader range of phenomena, they have correspondingly put forward new processes to provide explanatory accounts for the occurrence of transfer. This move coincides with a call to acknowledge the contribution of social interactions, language, cultural artifacts, and normed practices to the…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Interpersonal Communication
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Belenky, Daniel M.; Nokes-Malach, Timothy J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
The study of knowledge transfer rarely draws upon motivational constructs in empirical work. We investigated how students' achievement goals interact with different forms of instruction to promote "transfer," defined as preparation for future learning (Bransford & Schwartz, 1999) Students were given either invention or tell-and-practice activities…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Educational Practices, Teaching Methods, Role
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Williams, Robert F. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
An embodied view of mathematical cognition should account not only for how we use our bodies to think and communicate mathematically but also how our bodies equip us to conceive of mathematical ideas. Research in cognitive semantics claims that the human conceptual capacity rests on a foundation of image schemas: topological patterns of spatial…
Descriptors: Schemata (Cognition), Expertise, Semantics, Ethnography
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Nunez, Rafael – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
"The Journal of the Learning Sciences" has devoted this special issue to the study of embodied cognition (as it applies to mathematics), a topic that for several decades has gained attention in the cognitive sciences and in mathematics education, in particular. In this commentary, the author aims to address crucial questions in embodied…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Cognitive Processes, Human Body, Holistic Approach
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Stevens, Reed – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
For a long time, the body has had a bad rap among some big names in the Western philosophical tradition. Plato and Descartes come quickly to mind as particularly bad rappers. But it appears that the body is making a comeback in the cognitive and learning sciences. Long banished from the main stage by an idealized, inside-the-head…
Descriptors: Phenomenology, Human Body, Cognitive Processes, Holistic Approach
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Nemirovsky, Ricardo; Rasmussen, Chris; Sweeney, George; Wawro, Megan – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
In this article we contribute a perspective on mathematical embodied cognition consistent with a phenomenological understanding of perception and body motion. It is based on the analysis of 4 selected episodes in 1 session of an undergraduate mathematics class. The theme of this particular class session was the geometric interpretation of the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Education, Perception, Mobility
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van de Sande, Carla C.; Greeno, James G. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
We use a concept of framing to explain 3 cases in which participants initially lacked mutual understanding but then achieved significant mutual understanding. The cases were all consistent with a pattern of "positional framing" that includes a human participant who is inquiring, which we call a "listener", and a "source", which may be another…
Descriptors: Cognitive Structures, Algebra, Group Dynamics, Interaction
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Gutwill, Joshua P.; Allen, Sue – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Field trips to science museums can provide students with educational experiences, particularly when museum programs emphasize scientific inquiry skill building over content knowledge acquisition. We describe the creation and study of 2 programs designed to significantly enhance students' inquiry skills at any interactive science museum exhibit…
Descriptors: Field Trips, Museums, Educational Experience, Inquiry
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O'Mahony, Timothy K.; Vye, Nancy J.; Bransford, John D.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Stevens, Reed; Stephens, Richard D.; Richey, Michael C.; Lin, Kuen Y.; Soleiman, Moe K. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
We describe findings from a research partnership involving a global airline manufacturing company (The Boeing Company), and learning scientists and aeronautical engineers from the University of Washington. Our starting point for the partnership focused on an 8-hour introductory composites course that was designed for company employees. In phase…
Descriptors: Workplace Learning, On the Job Training, Introductory Courses, Quasiexperimental Design
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Gottlieb, Eli; Wineburg, Sam – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
We compared how 8 religious believers (historians and clergy) and 8 skeptics (historians and scientists) read a series of documents on 2 topics: the Biblical Exodus and the origins of the first (American) Thanksgiving. Readings by religiously committed historians differed from those of their non-religious peers. Navigating between the competing…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Historical Interpretation, Clergy, Historians
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Kapur, Manu; Bielaczyc, Katerine – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
In this article, we describe the design principles undergirding "productive failure" (PF; M. Kapur, 2008). We then report findings from an ongoing program of research on PF in mathematical problem solving in 3 Singapore public schools with significantly different mathematical ability profiles, ranging from average to lower ability. In…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Instructional Design, Direct Instruction
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Eysink, Tessa H. S.; de Jong, Ton – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
This study compared the affordances of 4 multimedia learning environments for specific learning processes. The environments covered the same domain but used different instructional approaches: (a) hypermedia learning, (b) observational learning, (c) self-explanation-based learning, and (d) inquiry learning. Although they all promote an active…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Hypermedia, Educational Environment, Inquiry
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Hickey, Daniel T.; Zuiker, Steven J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Evaluating the impact of instructional innovations and coordinating instruction, assessment, and testing present complex tensions. Many evaluation and coordination efforts aim to address these tensions by using the coherence provided by modern cognitive science perspectives on domain-specific learning. This paper introduces an alternative…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Achievement Tests, Performance Based Assessment, Genetics
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Alibali, Martha W.; Nathan, Mitchell J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2012
Gestures are often taken as evidence that the body is involved in thinking and speaking about the ideas expressed in those gestures. In this article, we present evidence drawn from teachers' and learners' gestures to make the case that mathematical knowledge is embodied. We argue that mathematical cognition is embodied in 2 key senses: It is based…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Mathematical Concepts, Physical Environment, Mathematics Instruction
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Chieu, Vu Minh; Herbst, Patricio; Weiss, Michael – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2011
Rich-media representations of teaching using animated cartoons can be effective at stimulating teachers' discussion about practice and hence help them learn productively from one another about their profession. Our research aims to design web-based interactive rich-media virtual settings for teachers to learn to do the practice of teaching. For…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Cartoons, Mathematics Teachers, Teaching Methods
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