ERIC Number: EJ1219726
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Abstractor: As Provided
Educating and Measuring Choice: A Test of the Transfer of Design Thinking in Problem Solving and Learning
Chin, Doris B.; Blair, Kristen P.; Wolf, Rachel C.; Conlin, Luke D.; Cutumisu, Maria; Pfaffman, Jay; Schwartz, Daniel L.
Journal of the Learning Sciences, v28 n3 p337-380 2019
Educators aim to equip students with learning strategies they can apply when approaching new problems on their own. Teaching design-thinking strategies may support this goal. A first test would show that the strategies are good for learning and that students spontaneously transfer them beyond classroom instruction. To examine this, we introduce choice-based assessments (CBAs). CBAs measure how people learn when there is minimal guidance and they must make decisions as independent learners. Here, sixth-grade students completed multiple design activities that emphasized either seeking constructive criticism or exploring a space of alternatives. Afterward, they completed the CBAs, which measured strategy transfer. Results showed that lower-achieving students benefitted most from instruction, exhibiting a relative increase in their use of design-thinking strategies. In addition, strategy choices correlated with prior achievement measures and appeared to mediate performance in and learning from the CBAs. The choices to use the two strategies themselves were not correlated, which indicates that they are not subsets of a larger construct, such as growth mindset. In sum, CBAs enabled a double demonstration: design-thinking strategies may improve learning and problem solving, and design-thinking instruction may improve the likelihood of lower-achieving students choosing to use effective strategies in novel settings that require new learning.
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods, Design, Transfer of Training, Criticism, Grade 6, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Thinking Skills, Feedback (Response), Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Visual Aids, Computer Assisted Instruction, Photography, Middle School Students, Generalization, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California