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ERIC Number: EJ1214416
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 34
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1050-8406
Scaffolding Student Understanding in Small-Group Work: Students' Uptake of Teacher Support in Subsequent Small-Group Interaction
van de Pol, Janneke; Mercer, Neil; Volman, Monique
Journal of the Learning Sciences, v28 n2 p206-239 2019
Providing contingent or adaptive support (i.e., scaffolding) is effective. Yet it is unclear how it promotes students' learning. In this mixed-methods study, we investigated to what extent the effect of contingent support for students' learning is mediated by the extent to which students take up teachers' support in subsequent small-group work. We define contingent support as support that contains adapted levels of teacher control or regulation based on the learner's level of understanding. To explore the research question, we analyzed all interactions from 35 lessons of 7 secondary social studies teachers and 7 small groups of students. Logistic multilevel mediation analyses showed that the likelihood of students formulating accurate answers during small-group work was higher when students applied the teacher's support in subsequent small-group work (as opposed to ignoring that support). However, the contingency of a teacher's support did not affect students' uptake or the accuracy of their answers. Additional qualitative analyses showed that students' uptake of contingent support was sometimes hampered by untimely fading of the support. Moreover, we found that contingent support that was then gradually faded was the most effective in fostering students' uptake of a teacher's support.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Elementary Education; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: European Union; Netherlands