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Rosenberg, Seth; Hammer, David; Phelan, Jessica – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2006
Research on personal epistemologies (Hofer & Pintrich, 2002) has mostly conceptualized them as stable beliefs or stages of development. On these views, researchers characterize individual students' epistemologies with single, coherent descriptions. Evidence of variability in student epistemologies, however, suggests the need for more complex…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Epistemology, Classroom Communication, Geology