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Taatgen, Niels A. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2011
The minimal control principle (Taatgen, 2007) predicts that people strive for problem-solving strategies that require as few internal control states as possible. In an experiment with the Abstract Decision Making task (ADM task; Joslyn & Hunt, 1998) the reward structure was manipulated to make either a low-control strategy or a high-strategy…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Abstract Reasoning, Decision Making, Learning Strategies
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Belenky, Daniel M.; Nokes, Timothy J. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2009
How does the type of learning material impact what is learned? The current research investigates the nature of students' learning of math concepts when using manipulatives (Uttal, Scudder, & DeLoache, 1997). We examined how the type of manipulative (concrete, abstract, none) and problem-solving prompt (metacognitive or problem-focused) affect…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Manipulative Materials, Mathematical Concepts, Metacognition