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Newman, Sharlene D.; Pruce, Benjamin; Rusia, Akash; Burns, Thomas, Jr. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2010
fMRI was used to examine the differential effect of two problem-solving strategies. Participants were trained to use both a pictorial/spatial and a symbolic/algebraic strategy to solve word problems. While these two strategies activated similar cortical regions, a number of differences were noted in the level of activation. These differences…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Problem Solving, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Son, Ji Y.; Doumas, Leonidas A. A.; Goldstone, Robert L. – Journal of Problem Solving, 2010
The purpose of this paper is to explore how and when verbal labels facilitate relational reasoning and transfer. We review the research and theory behind two ways words might direct attention to relational information: (1) words generically invite people to compare and thus highlight relations (the Generic Tokens [GT] hypothesis), and/or (2) words…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Relationship, Vocabulary, Transfer of Training
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Goldstone, Robert L.; Pizlo, Zygmunt – Journal of Problem Solving, 2009
In November 2008 at Purdue University, the 2nd Workshop on Human Problem Solving was held. This workshop, which was a natural continuation of the first workshop devoted almost exclusively to optimization problems, addressed a wider range of topics that reflect the scope of the "Journal of Problem Solving." The workshop was attended by 35…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Universities, Workshops, Educational Researchers