ERIC Number: EJ1188214
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Analysis of Visual Representations in Middle School U.S. History Texts
King-Sears, Margaret E.; Berkeley, Sheri; Arditi, Orit; Daley, Hyle L.; Hott, Brittany L.; Larsen, Anna L.
Journal of Visual Literacy, v37 n2 p85-102 2018
This study analyzed three types of visual representations (graphs, maps, & graphic organizers) in the most widely used eighth-grade U.S. History textbooks. The analyses included how each visual was constructed and used within the context of text narrative. Purposeful sampling techniques were used to select a representative sample of varied topics addressed in all textbooks. Findings indicate that graphic organizers and maps were used more frequently across texts than graphs. Although most visuals were constructed well, few texts explicitly or implicitly connected the visuals to texts' narrative, which has literacy implications for students' comprehension. Other strengths and areas of need are identified. For areas of need, implications for pedagogies to enhance students' comprehension of and connections with the visuals themselves are described.
Descriptors: Visual Literacy, Graphs, Maps, Visual Aids, Grade 8, United States History, Textbooks, Textbook Content, Instructional Materials, Middle Schools, History Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A