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Enyart, Stephanie – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Stephanie Enyart reflects on few key aspects of what the blind and low vision community has gained because of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Although it is true that blind people received individual accommodations before the legal requirements arose, the ADA created a duty to accommodate in many new instances and on a broader range of…
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, Disabilities, Federal Legislation, Blindness
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McDonnall, Michele C.; Cmar, Jennifer L.; Lund, Emily M. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate how services are provided to state-federal vocational rehabilitation consumers with comorbid traumatic brain injury (TBI) and visual impairment and the prevalence of and competitive employment rates for this population. Methods: We utilized a mixed-methods approach by incorporating…
Descriptors: Comorbidity, Head Injuries, Neurological Impairments, Visual Impairments
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Crudden, Adele; Sui, Zhen; Lund, Emily – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Introduction: Employed applicants for vocational rehabilitation need timely services to improve the likelihood of their successful job retention or career advancement. Little research exists that examines timeliness of services among employed applicants, particularly for applicants with visual disabilities. This study investigated time from…
Descriptors: Vocational Rehabilitation, Visual Impairments, Time, Job Applicants
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Zapata, Mercedes A. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Introduction: In this study, the author examined the association between general self-efficacy (GSE) and employment status in working-age adults with retinitis pigmentosa (RP; N = 183). The author further examined the associations between employment status and factors that were previously found to be linked to employment outcomes in individuals…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Employment Level, Adults, Visual Impairments
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Parker, Billy – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
In 2015, National Industries for the Blind (NIB) identified a source of difficulty in finding well-qualified applicants who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision) for employment in services positions. People who are visually impaired develop technology skills sufficient to perform the functions they need in daily…
Descriptors: Training, Computer Software, Program Effectiveness, Visual Impairments
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Clapp, Christopher M.; Pepper, John V.; Schmidt, Robert; Stern, Steven – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Introduction: This study describes the characteristics of, services received by, and labor market outcomes of applicants with visual impairments to three state vocational rehabilitation programs. Our objective is to both document cross-state variation in vocational rehabilitation clientele and services and provide new insights on the longitudinal…
Descriptors: Vocational Rehabilitation, Visual Impairments, State Programs, Employment
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Cmar, Jennifer L. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Given the lack of self-determination research and curricula focusing on children and youths with visual impairments (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision), the purpose of this article was to review the literature on effective self-determination practices for students with other disabilities for applicability to students with…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Students with Disabilities, Visual Impairments, Educational Research
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Kandalam, Suraj; Ferro, Tyler; Pawluk, Dianne T. V. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: This article describes the development and initial assessment of a set of tactile crayons that can produce different textured lines and areas on standard paper. Method: An assessment of the need for tactile crayons was performed through the use of surveys and focus groups from which a set of six tactile crayons was developed.…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Art Materials, Manipulative Materials, Visual Impairments
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Cmar, Jennifer L.; Markoski, Kasey – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Self-determination is a highly valued but under-researched component of the expanded core curriculum for students with visual impairments. In this study, the authors present results of a literature review on self-determination for children and youths with visual impairments (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision). Method:…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Visual Impairments, Blindness, Skill Development
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Rosenblum, L. Penny; Ristvey, John; Hospit├íl, Laura – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Teachers of students with visual impairments play an integral role in supporting both students with visual impairments and general education teachers so that students can access the curriculum, including science-related topics (Anderson, 2009; Bogner et al., 2011; Wild & Koehler, 2017). Wild and Koehler (2017) identify six responsibilities of…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Blindness, Student Needs, Access to Education
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Perla, Fabiana; Maffit, Jamie – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
"Student portfolios" have been defined as "a purposeful collection of student work that exhibits the student's efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas" (Paulson, Paulson, & Meyer, 1991, p. 30). They are typically comprised of a careful selection of artifacts, documents, and reflections portraying a child's…
Descriptors: Visually Impaired Mobility, Portfolios (Background Materials), Students with Disabilities, Student Projects
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Haegele, Justin A.; Buckley, Maggi – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Examining the experiences of students with visual impairments about physical education can lead to a better understanding of how they perceive lessons, activities, and interactions with teachers and peers. Although research in this area of inquiry is growing, the existing literature is limited by geographic location. More…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Inquiry, Physical Education Teachers, Youth
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van Leendert, Annemiek; Doorman, Michiel; Drijvers, Paul; Pel, Johan; van der Steen, Johannes – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: Braille readers encounter difficulties when reading mathematical expressions. In this exploratory study, we created a setting to investigate these difficulties. Method: Using a motion-capturing system, we analyzed the tactile strategies of three braille readers while they read mathematical expressions. To compare tactile with visual…
Descriptors: Braille, Reading Difficulties, Mathematical Formulas, Tactual Perception
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Griffin-Shirley, Nora; Bozeman, Laura; Obiero, Nereah A.; Steinle, Kyle J.; Page, Anita – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to survey the faculty of personnel preparation programs that train orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists in the identification of accommodations, teaching techniques, and resources needed to teach students who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision) and who are…
Descriptors: Travel Training, Visually Impaired Mobility, Visual Impairments, Assistive Technology
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McDonnall, Michele C.; Cmar, Jennifer L.; Antonelli, Karla; Markoski, Kasey M. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to measure blindness professionals' implicit attitudes about the competence of people who are blind, compare implicit attitudes of blindness professionals with those of employers in hiring positions, and examine blindness professionals' implicit attitudes by type of profession and work tenure. Methods:…
Descriptors: Attitudes toward Disabilities, Blindness, Competence, Employer Attitudes
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