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Mason-Apps, Emily; Stojanovik, Vesna; Houston-Price, Carmel; Seager, Emily; Buckley, Sue – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The study explored longitudinally the course of vocabulary and general language development in a group of infants with Down syndrome (DS) compared to a group of typically developing (TD) infants matched on nonverbal mental ability (NVMA). Method: We compared the vocabulary and general language trajectories of the two groups in two ways:…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Infants, Receptive Language, Language Acquisition
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Rojas, Sandra; Kefalianos, Elaina; Vogel, Adam – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Approximately 30% of adults over the age of 50 years present with altered vocal function. Our understanding of how these changes manifest acoustically and perceptually is derived from relatively modest-sized studies using a diversity of tools. Voice changes can arise from the onset of disease or disorder, but also age-related…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Age Differences, Acoustics, Auditory Perception
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Chiu, Yi-Fang; Neel, Amy – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: This study investigated whether perceptual ratings of speech parameters were predictive of transcription intelligibility in quiet and in noise for speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: Ten speakers with PD and five healthy controls read 56 sentences. One group of 60 listeners orthographically transcribed the sentences in quiet,…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Speech Communication, Predictor Variables, Comprehension
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Van Stan, Jarrad H.; Mehta, Daryush D.; Ortiz, Andrew J.; Burns, James A.; Toles, Laura E.; Marks, Katherine L.; Vangel, Mark; Hron, Tiffiny; Zeitels, Steven; Hillman, Robert E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Previous work using ambulatory voice recordings has shown no differences in average vocal behavior between patients with phonotraumatic vocal hyperfunction and matched controls. This study used larger groups to replicate these results and expanded the analysis to include distributional characteristics of ambulatory voice use and measures…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Females, Behavior, Differences
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Daliri, Ayoub; Murray, Elizabeth S. Heller; Blood, Anne J.; Burns, James; Noordzij, J. Pieter; Nieto-Castanon, Alfonso; Tourville, Jason A.; Guenther, Frank H. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD), the most common form of spasmodic dysphonia, is a debilitating voice disorder characterized by hyperactivity and muscle spasms in the vocal folds during speech. Prior neuroimaging studies have noted excessive brain activity during speech in participants with ADSD compared to controls. Speech involves…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Brain, Speech, Auditory Perception
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Wong, Puisan; Cheng, Man Wai – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Theoretical models and substantial research have proposed that general auditory sensitivity is a developmental foundation for speech perception and language acquisition. Nonetheless, controversies exist about the effectiveness of general auditory training in improving speech and language skills. This research investigated the…
Descriptors: Speech, Auditory Perception, Young Children, Sino Tibetan Languages
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Gunjawate, Dhanshree R.; Ravi, Rohit; Bhagavan, Srividya – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Kannada version of the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V). Method: The Kannada version of CAPE-V comprises six phrases that are phonetically designed as per the CAPE-V requirements. Sixty-five (21 individuals with dysphonia and 44…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Test Validity, Dravidian Languages, Voice Disorders
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Preston, Jonathan L.; Hitchcock, Elaine R.; Leece, Megan C. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: This study evaluated whether outcomes from treatment, which includes ultrasound visual feedback (UVF), would be more or less effective when combined with auditory perception training for children with residual /[voiced alveolar approximant]/ errors. Method: Children ages 8-16 years with /[voiced alveolar approximant]/ distortions…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Biofeedback, Outcomes of Treatment, Speech Therapy
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Lee, Jimin; Rodriguez, Elizabeth; Mefferd, Antje – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The current study tested jaw movement characteristics and their impact on tongue movement for speech production in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Specifically, the study examined tongue and jaw movement in multiple directions during jaw opening and closing strokes in individuals with ALS and controls. Method:…
Descriptors: Articulation Impairments, Neurological Impairments, Motor Reactions, Human Body
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Murray, Elizabeth S. Heller; Segina, Roxanne K.; Woodnorth, Geralyn Harvey; Stepp, Cara E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Relative fundamental frequency (RFF) is an acoustic measure that is sensitive to functional voice differences in adults. The aim of the current study was to evaluate RFF in children, as there are known structural and functional differences between the pediatric and adult vocal mechanisms. Method: RFF was analyzed in 28 children with vocal…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Measurement, Children, Evaluation Methods
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Davies, Benjamin; Rattanasone, Nan Xu; Davies, Aleisha; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Normal-hearing (NH) children acquire plural morphemes at different rates, with the segmental allomorphs /-s, -z/ (e.g., cat-s) being acquired before the syllabic allomorph /-[schwa]z/ (e.g., bus-es). Children with hearing loss (HL) have been reported to show delays in the production of plural morphology, raising the possibility that this…
Descriptors: Young Children, Hearing Impairments, Morphemes, Comprehension
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Rietdijk, Rachael; Power, Emma; Attard, Michael; Heard, Robert; Togher, Leanne – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of social communication skills training (TBIconneCT) for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their communication partners, delivered in-person or via telehealth, on quality of conversations. Method: This study is a clinical trial, including an in-person intervention group…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Brain, Communication Skills, Training
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Evans, William S.; Hula, William D.; Quique, Yina; Starns, Jeffrey J. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Aphasia is a language disorder caused by acquired brain injury, which generally involves difficulty naming objects. Naming ability is assessed by measuring picture naming, and models of naming performance have mostly focused on accuracy and excluded valuable response time (RT) information. Previous approaches have therefore ignored the…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Pictorial Stimuli, Brain, Injuries
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Thompson, Emily C.; Benítez-Barrera, Carlos R.; Angley, Gina P.; Woynaroski, Tiffany; Tharpe, Anne Marie – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: This study examined the impact of home use of remote microphone systems (RMSs) on caregiver communication and child vocalizations in families of children with hearing loss. Method: We drew on data from a prior study in which Language ENvironmental Analysis recorders were used with 9 families during 2 consecutive weekends--1 that involved…
Descriptors: Audio Equipment, Hearing Impairments, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Attitudes
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Curtis, James A.; Dakin, Avery E.; Troche, Michelle S. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Airway protective disorders are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), yet effective methods to rehabilitate these life-threatening impairments are limited. This study examined the effects of two skill-based treatments aimed at improving swallowing and cough in a severely dysphagic person with PD: respiratory-swallow coordination training…
Descriptors: Diseases, Neurological Impairments, Physical Disabilities, Rehabilitation
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