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Showing 1 to 15 of 2,522 results Save | Export
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Kelley, Kairn Stetler; Littenberg, Benjamin – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Method: Sixty English-speaking children, 7-14 years old with normal hearing, had a single study visit during which each test was administered twice. Changes on retest were summarized by within-subject standard deviation ( S[subscript w]), compared among tests, and compared with binomial model predictions. Correlates of variance were explored.…
Descriptors: Children, Early Adolescents, Listening Skills, Test Reliability
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Steele, Catriona M.; Peladeau-Pigeon, Melanie; Barbon, Carly A. E.; Guida, Brittany T.; Tapson, Melanie S.; Valenzano, Teresa J.; Waito, Ashley A.; Wolkin, Talia S.; Hanson, Ben; Ong, Jane Jun-Xin; Duizer, Lisa M. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: During swallowing, the tongue generates the primary propulsive forces that transport material through the oral cavity toward the pharynx. Previous literature suggests that higher tongue pressure amplitudes are generated for extremely thick liquids compared with thin liquids. The purpose of this study was to collect detailed information…
Descriptors: Human Body, Physiology, Adults, Stimuli
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Roberts, Megan Y. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Despite advances in cochlear implant and hearing aid technology, many children with hearing loss continue to exhibit poorer language skills than their hearing peers. This randomized pilot trial tested the effects of a parent-implemented communication treatment targeting prelinguistic communication skills in infants and toddlers with…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Infants, Hearing Impairments, Communication Skills
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Systad, Silje; Bjørnvold, Marit; Sørensen, Christiane; Lyster, Solveig-Alma Halaas – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: We sought to estimate the prevalence of isolated epileptiform activity (IEA) in children with speech and language impairments and discuss the utility of an electroencephalogram (EEG) in assessing these children. Method: We conducted a systematic review and searched for eligible studies in 8 databases. All languages were included, and…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Children, Speech Impairments, Language Impairments
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Stuckenberg, Maria V.; Nayak, Chaitra V.; Meyer, Bernd T.; Völker, Christoph; Hohmann, Volker; Bendixen, Alexandra – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: For elderly listeners, it is more challenging to listen to 1 voice surrounded by other voices than for young listeners. This could be caused by a reduced ability to use acoustic cues--such as slight differences in onset time--for the segregation of concurrent speech signals. Here, we study whether the ability to benefit from onset…
Descriptors: Listening, Acoustics, Cues, Age Differences
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Badwal, Areen; Poertner, JoHanna; Samlan, Robin A.; Miller, Julie E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The zebra finch is used as a model to study the neural circuitry of auditory-guided human vocal production. The terminology of birdsong production and acoustic analysis, however, differs from human voice production, making it difficult for voice researchers of either species to navigate the literature from the other. The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Animals, Neurological Organization, Auditory Perception, Acoustics
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Henner, Jon; Novogrodsky, Rama; Caldwell-Harris, Catherine; Hoffmeister, Robert – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: This article examines whether syntactic and vocabulary abilities in American Sign Language (ASL) facilitate 6 categories of language-based analogical reasoning. Method: Data for this study were collected from 267 deaf participants, aged 7;6 (years;months) to 18;5. The data were collected from an ongoing study initially funded by the U.S.…
Descriptors: Syntax, Vocabulary, American Sign Language, Logical Thinking
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Fama, Mackenzie E.; Snider, Sarah F.; Henderson, Mary P.; Hayward, William; Friedman, Rhonda B.; Turkeltaub, Peter E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Individuals with aphasia often report that they feel able to say words in their heads, regardless of speech output ability. Here, we examine whether these subjective reports of successful "inner speech" (IS) are meaningful and test the hypothesis that they reflect lexical retrieval. Method: Participants were 53 individuals with…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Inner Speech (Subvocal), Pictorial Stimuli, Psycholinguistics
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Palmer, Andrew D.; Carder, Paula C.; White, Diana L.; Saunders, Gabrielle; Woo, Hyeyoung; Graville, Donna J.; Newsom, Jason T. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Social contact is known to be vital for older adults' mental and physical health but, because communication impairments often co-occur with other types of disability, it is difficult to generalize about the relative impact of a communication impairment on the social relationships of older adults. Specific aims of the study were to examine…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Well Being, Communication Disorders, Voice Disorders
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Fichman, Sveta; Altman, Carmit – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The study explores referential cohesion in the narratives of bilingual preschool children with typical language development (TLD) and with specific language impairment (SLI). Referential cohesion requires integration of multiple discourse factors and is expected to pose a challenge for children with bilingual SLI due to weak proficiency…
Descriptors: Connected Discourse, Story Telling, Bilingualism, Monolingualism
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Cohen, Matthew L.; Tulsky, David S.; Boulton, Aaron J.; Kisala, Pamela A.; Bertisch, Hilary; Yeates, Keith Owen; Zonfrillo, Mark R.; Durbin, Dennis R.; Jaffe, Kenneth M.; Temkin, Nancy; Wang, Jin; Rivara, Frederick P. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the internal consistency and construct validity of the Traumatic Brain Injury Quality of Life Communication Item Bank (TBI-QOL COM) short form as a parent-proxy report measure. The TBI-QOL COM is a patient-reported outcome measure of functional communication originally developed as a self-report…
Descriptors: Brain, Head Injuries, Quality of Life, Pediatrics
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Shao, Jing; Lau, Rebecca Yick Man; Tang, Phyllis Oi Ching; Zhang, Caicai – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Congenital amusia is an inborn neurogenetic disorder of fine-grained pitch processing. This study attempted to pinpoint the impairment mechanism of speech processing in tonal language speakers with amusia. We designed a series of perception tasks aiming at selectively probing low-level pitch processing and relatively high-level…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Tone Languages, Sino Tibetan Languages, Speech Impairments
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Kapantzoglou, Maria; Fergadiotis, Gerasimos; Buenavides, Alejandra Auza – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to examine construct validity evidence for the following 4 lexical diversity measures for use in Spanish narrative samples of children with developmental language disorder and typical language development (TLD): (a) type-token ratio (TTR; Chotlos, 1944; Templin, 1957), (b) hypergeometric distribution D…
Descriptors: Spanish Speaking, Language Impairments, Developmental Delays, Language Skills
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Lee, Jimin; Dickey, Emily; Simmons, Zachary – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate vowel-specific intelligibility and acoustic patterns of individuals with different severities of dysarthria secondary to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Method: Twenty-three individuals with dysarthria secondary to ALS and 22 typically aging individuals participated as speakers.…
Descriptors: Diseases, Acoustics, Vowels, Severity (of Disability)
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Watts, Christopher R.; Hamilton, Amy; Toles, Laura; Childs, Lesley; Mau, Ted – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that stretch-and-flow voice therapy (SnF) is noninferior to resonant voice therapy (RVT) for speakers with muscle tension dysphonia. Method: Participants with primary muscle tension dysphonia were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups. Participants received 6 sessions of either SnF…
Descriptors: Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Experimental Groups, Outcomes of Treatment
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