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Seven, Yagmur; Hull, Katharine; Madsen, Keri; Ferron, John; Peters-Sanders, Lindsey; Soto, Xigrid; Kelley, Elizabeth S.; Goldstein, Howard – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Many preschoolers, especially those from low-income households, would benefit from instruction to enrich their vocabulary and language repertoires. Yet, explicit instruction of vocabulary and language skills generally occurs infrequently in early childhood education settings. This study investigated the additive effects of teacher-led,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development, Academic Language, Small Group Instruction
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Krueger, Breanna I.; Storkel, Holly L. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether children's identification of misarticulated words as real objects was influenced by an inherent bias toward selecting real objects or whether a change in experimental conditions could impact children's selections. Method: Forty preschool children aged 4 years 0 months to 6 years 11 months…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Articulation (Speech), Word Recognition, Responses
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Rong, Panying – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this article was to validate a novel acoustic analysis of oral diadochokinesis (DDK) in assessing bulbar motor involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Method: An automated acoustic DDK analysis was developed, which filtered out the voice features and extracted the envelope of the acoustic waveform reflecting the…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Articulation (Speech), Diseases, Human Body
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Alt, Mary; Mettler, Heidi M.; Erikson, Jessie A.; Figueroa, Cecilia R.; Etters-Thomas, Sarah E.; Arizmendi, Genesis D.; Oglivie, Trianna – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The aims of this study were (a) to assess the efficacy of the Vocabulary Acquisition and Usage for Late Talkers (VAULT) treatment and (b) to compare treatment outcomes for expressive vocabulary acquisition in late talkers in 2 conditions: 3 target words/90 doses per word per session versus 6 target words/45 doses per word per session.…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Delayed Speech, Measures (Individuals)
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Hosbach-Cannon, Carly Jo; Lowell, Soren Y.; Colton, Raymond H.; Kelley, Richard T.; Bao, Xue – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: To advance our current knowledge of singer physiology by using ultrasonography in combination with acoustic measures to compare physiological differences between musical theater (MT) and opera (OP) singers under controlled phonation conditions. Primary objectives addressed in this study were (a) to determine if differences in hyolaryngeal…
Descriptors: Singing, Physiology, Acoustics, Differences
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Blank, Andrew; Holt, Rachael Frush; Pisoni, David B.; Kronenberger, William G. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Parenting stress has been studied as a potential predictor of developmental outcomes in children with normal hearing and children who are deaf and hard of hearing. However, it is unclear how parenting stress might underlie at-risk spoken language and neurocognitive outcomes in this clinical pediatric population. We investigated parenting…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Stress Variables, Deafness, Hearing Impairments
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Souza, Pamela; Gallun, Frederick; Wright, Richard – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: In a previous paper (Souza, Wright, Blackburn, Tatman, & Gallun, 2015), we explored the extent to which individuals with sensorineural hearing loss used different cues for speech identification when multiple cues were available. Specifically, some listeners placed the greatest weight on spectral cues (spectral shape and/or formant…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Cues, Auditory Discrimination, Older Adults
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Beechey, Timothy; Buchholz, Jörg M.; Keidser, Gitte – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: This article describes patterns of speech modifications produced by talkers as a function of the degree of hearing impairment of communication partners during naturalistic conversations in noise. An explanation of observed speech modifications is proposed in terms of a generalization of the concept of effort. This account complements…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Verbal Communication, Interpersonal Communication, Acoustics
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Mok, Peggy Pik Ki; Li, Vivian Guo; Fung, Holly Sze Ho – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Previous studies showed both early and late acquisition of Cantonese tones based on transcription data using different criteria, but very little acoustic data were reported. Our study examined Cantonese tone acquisition using both transcription and acoustic data, illustrating the early and protracted aspects of Cantonese tone acquisition.…
Descriptors: Sino Tibetan Languages, Tone Languages, Phonetics, Language Acquisition
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Jackson, Eric S.; Gracco, Vincent; Zebrowski, Patricia M. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The contextual variability of stuttering events makes it difficult to reliably elicit stuttered speech in laboratory settings. As a result, studies that compare stuttered versus fluent speech are difficult to conduct and, thus, are limited in the literature. The purpose of the current study is to describe a novel approach to elicit…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Adults, Laboratory Experiments, Expectation
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Lancaster, Hope Sparks; Lien, Kari M.; Chow, Jason C.; Frey, Jennifer R.; Scherer, Nancy J.; Kaiser, Ann P. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Objective: The aim of the study was to conduct a meta-analysis of research examining the early speech and language functioning of young children, birth to age 8;11 (years;months), with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) compared to their peers without NSCL/P. Method: We conducted a random-effects metaregression using 241 effect sizes…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Speech Communication, Infants, Toddlers
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Sanchez, Katherine; Spittle, Alicia J.; Boyce, Jessica O.; Leembruggen, Linda; Mantelos, Anastasia; Mills, Stephanie; Mitchell, Naomi; Neil, Emily; St John, Miya; Treloar, Jasmin; Morgan, Angela T. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Language difficulties are prevalent among children born preterm. Existing studies have largely used standardized language tests, providing limited scope for detailed descriptive examination of preterm language. This study aimed to examine differences in conversational language between children born < 30 weeks and at term as well as…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Premature Infants, Communication Problems, Morphemes
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Theodore, Rachel M.; Monto, Nicholas R.; Graham, Stephen – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Speech perception is facilitated by listeners' ability to dynamically modify the mapping to speech sounds given systematic variation in speech input. For example, the degree to which listeners show categorical perception of speech input changes as a function of distributional variability in the input, with perception becoming less…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Individual Differences, Receptive Language, Cues
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Nagels, Leanne; Bastiaanse, Roelien; Baskent, Deniz; Wagner, Anita – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The current study investigates how individual differences in cochlear implant (CI) users' sensitivity to word-nonword differences, reflecting lexical uncertainty, relate to their reliance on sentential context for lexical access in processing continuous speech. Method: Fifteen CI users and 14 normal-hearing (NH) controls participated in…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Accuracy
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Hula, William D.; Fergadiotis, Gerasimos; Swiderski, Alexander M.; Silkes, JoAnn P.; Kellough, Stacey – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the equivalence of 2 alternate test forms with nonoverlapping content generated by an item response theory (IRT)--based computer-adaptive test (CAT). The Philadelphia Naming Test (PNT; Roach, Schwartz, Martin, Grewal, & Brecher, 1996) was utilized as an item bank in a prospective, independent…
Descriptors: Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Severity (of Disability), Aphasia
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