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Showing 1 to 15 of 3,516 results Save | Export
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Chung, Wei-Lun; Bidelman, Gavin M. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The study aimed to examine whether oral reading prosody--the use of acoustic features (e.g., pitch and duration variations) when reading passages aloud--predicts reading fluency and comprehension abilities. Method: We measured vocabulary, syntax, word reading, reading fluency (including rate and accuracy), reading comprehension (in Grades…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Suprasegmentals, Acoustics, Predictor Variables
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Teplansky, Kristin J.; Jones, Corinne A. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: Within-individual pharyngeal swallowing pressure variability differs among pharyngeal regions in healthy individuals and increases with age. It remains unknown if pharyngeal pressure variability is impacted by volitional swallowing tasks. We hypothesized that pressure variability would increase during volitional swallowing maneuvers and…
Descriptors: Human Body, Physiology, Motor Reactions, Psychomotor Skills
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Singer, Cara M.; Otieno, Sango; Chang, Soo-Eun; Jones, Robin M. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how well a cumulative risk approach, based on empirically supported predictive factors, predicts whether a young child who stutters is likely to develop persistent developmental stuttering. In a cumulative risk approach, the number of predictive factors indicating a child is at risk to develop…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Child Development, Predictor Variables, At Risk Persons
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Zhu, Jiaqiang; Chen, Xiaoxiang; Chen, Fei; Wiener, Seth – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: Individuals with congenital amusia exhibit degraded speech perception. This study examined whether adult Chinese Mandarin listeners with amusia were still able to extract the statistical regularities of Mandarin speech sounds, despite their degraded speech perception. Method: Using the gating paradigm with monosyllabic syllable-tone…
Descriptors: Congenital Impairments, Perceptual Impairments, Adults, Mandarin Chinese
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Gillis, Jasmine Urquhart; Gul, Asiya; Fox, Annie; Parikh, Aditi; Arbel, Yael – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate implicit learning in children with developmental language disorder (DLD) by employing a visual artificial grammar learning task. Method: Thirteen children with DLD and 24 children with typical language development between the ages of 8 and 12 years completed a visual artificial grammar learning…
Descriptors: Grammar, Artificial Languages, Language Impairments, Decision Making
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Alantie, Sonja; Tyrkkö, Jukka; Makkonen, Tanja; Renvall, Kati – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: This study reports on how very old (VO) Finnish people without dementia perform in the Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) and two verbal fluency tasks and which demographic factors predict the performance. Method: The study included fifty 80- to 100-year-old community-dwelling Finnish speakers with no dementing illnesses or speech-language…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Older Adults, Finno Ugric Languages, Aphasia
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Dingemanse, Gertjan; Goedegebure, André – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of speech recognition performance, working memory capacity (WMC), and a noise reduction algorithm (NRA) on listening effort as measured with pupillometry in cochlear implant (CI) users while listening to speech in noise. Method: Speech recognition and pupil responses (peak dilation, peak latency,…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Acoustics
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Tucci, Alexander; Plante, Elena; Heilmann, John J.; Miller, Jon F. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: This exploratory study sought to establish the psychometric stability of a dynamic norming system using the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT) databases. Dynamic norming is the process by which clinicians select a subset of the normative database sample matched to their individual client's demographic characteristics.…
Descriptors: Norms, Psychometrics, Databases, Error of Measurement
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Schiller, Isabel S.; Remacle, Angélique; Durieux, Nancy; Morsomme, Dominique – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: Background noise and voice problems among teachers can degrade listening conditions in classrooms. The aim of this literature review is to understand how these acoustic degradations affect spoken language processing in 6- to 18-year-old children. Method: In a narrative report and meta-analysis, we systematically review studies that…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Voice Disorders, Oral Language, Language Processing
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Holt, Rachael Frush; Kronenberger, William G.; Pisoni, David B. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether families of children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) are organized similarly to those of typically developing, typically hearing (TH) children and whether the dimensions of family dynamics and environment are related to spoken language development similarly in children with and without…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Environmental Influences, Speech Communication, Hearing Impairments
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Abur, Defne; Perkell, Joseph S.; Stepp, Cara E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine the effects of increases in vocal effort, without changing speech intensity, on respiratory and articulatory kinematics in young adults with typical voices. Method: A total of 10 participants completed a reading task under three speaking conditions: baseline, mild vocal effort, and maximum vocal…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Articulation (Speech), Speech, Human Body
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Walker, Grant M.; Basilakos, Alexandra; Fridriksson, Julius; Hickok, Gregory – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: Meaningful changes in picture naming responses may be obscured when measuring accuracy instead of quality. A statistic that incorporates information about the severity and nature of impairments may be more sensitive to the effects of treatment. Method: We analyzed data from repeated administrations of a naming test to 72 participants with…
Descriptors: Naming, Change, Aphasia, Severity (of Disability)
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Watts, Christopher R.; Zhang, Yan – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence and progression of self-perceived speech and swallowing impairments in newly diagnosed people with Parkinson's disease (PD) longitudinally across 6 years. Method: Longitudinal data from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative were analyzed across six consecutive years in a…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Speech Impairments, Self Concept, Severity (of Disability)
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Gold, Rinat; Klein, Dina; Segala, Osnat – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: The "bouba-kiki" (BK) effect refers to associations between visual shapes and auditory pseudonames. Thus, when tested, people tend to associate the pseudowords "bouba" and "kiki" with round or spiky shapes, respectively. This association requires cross-modal sensory integration. The ability to integrate…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli
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Castilla-Earls, Anny; Francis, David J.; Iglesias, Aquiles – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2022
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between utterance length, syntactic complexity, and the probability of making an error at the utterance level. Method: The participants in this study included 830 Spanish-speaking first graders who were learning English at school. Story retells in both Spanish and English were collected from all…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Spanish, English (Second Language), Error Analysis (Language)
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