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Kurosu, Atsuko; Pratt, Sheila R.; Palmer, Catherine; Shaiman, Susan – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: During videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing, patients commonly are instructed to hold a bolus in their mouth until they hear a verbal instruction to swallow, which usually consists of the word "swallow" and is commonly referred to as the command swallow condition. The language-induced motor facilitation theory suggests…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Human Body, Motor Reactions, Young Adults
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Davies, Benjamin; Rattanasone, Nan Xu; Davis, Aleisha; Demuth, Katherine – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The plural is one of the first grammatical morphemes acquired by English-speaking children with normal hearing (NH). Yet, those with hearing loss show delays in both plural comprehension and production. However, little is known about the effects of unilateral hearing loss (UHL) on children's acquisition of the plural, where children's…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Hearing (Physiology), Preschool Children, Auditory Perception
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Chapman, Laura Roche; Hallowell, Brooke – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: Pupillary responses captured via pupillometry (measurement of pupillary dilation and constriction during the performance of a cognitive task) are psychophysiological indicators of cognitive effort, attention, arousal, and resource engagement. Pupillometry may be a promising tool for enhancing our understanding of the relationship between…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Processing, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Flaherty, Mary M.; Buss, Emily; Leibold, Lori J. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the independent and combined contributions of fundamental frequency (F0) and vocal tract length (VTL) differences on children's speech-in-speech recognition in the presence of a competing two-talker masker. Method: Participants were 64 children (5-17 years old) and 25 adults (18-39 years old).…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Speech, Sentences, Children
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Humes, Larry E. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This article aimed to document longitudinal changes in auditory function, including measures of temporal processing, and to examine the associations between observed changes in auditory and cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults. Method: This was a prospective longitudinal study of 98 adults (66 women) with baseline ages…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Intelligence Tests, Older Adults, Auditory Perception
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Blank, Andrew; Holt, Rachael Frush; Pisoni, David B.; Kronenberger, William G. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: Using a new measure of family-level executive functioning (EF; the Family Characteristics Scale [FCS]), we investigated associations between family-level EF, spoken language, and neurocognitive skills in children with hearing loss (HL), compared to children with normal hearing. Method: Parents of children with HL (n = 61) or children with…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Family Characteristics, Family Environment, At Risk Persons
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Hall, Matthew L.; De Anda, Stephanie – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The purposes of this study were (a) to introduce "language access profiles" as a viable alternative construct to "communication mode" for describing experience with language input during early childhood for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) children; (b) to describe the development of a new tool for measuring DHH…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Children, Profiles
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Chavant, Martin; Hervais-Adelman, Alexis; Macherey, Olivier – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: An increasing number of individuals with residual or even normal contralateral hearing are being considered for cochlear implantation. It remains unknown whether the presence of contralateral hearing is beneficial or detrimental to their perceptual learning of cochlear implant (CI)--processed speech. The aim of this experiment was to…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Speech, Aural Learning
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Jones, Samuel David; Westermann, Gert – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: Research in the cognitive and neural sciences has situated predictive processing--the anticipation of upcoming percepts--as a dominant function of the brain. The purpose of this article is to argue that prediction should feature more prominently in explanatory accounts of sentence processing and comprehension deficits in developmental…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Cognitive Processes, Prediction, Language Processing
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Smolík, Filip; Matiasovitsová, Klára – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study examined two markers of language impairment (LI) in a single experiment, testing sentence imitation and grammatical morphology production using an imitation task with masked morphemes. One goal was to test predictions of the morphological richness account of LI in Czech. We also tested the independent contributions of language…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Slavic Languages, Sentences, Imitation
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Lowe, Robyn; Menzies, Ross; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; O'Brian, Sue – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of this review article is to provide an overview of the current evidence base for the behavioral management of stuttering and associated social anxiety. Method: We overview recent research about stuttering and social anxiety in the context of contemporary cognitive models of social anxiety disorder. That emerging evidence for…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Stuttering, Evidence Based Practice, Research Reports
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Roche, Jennifer M.; Zgonnikov, Arkady; Morett, Laura M. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the social and cognitive underpinnings of miscommunication during an interactive listening task. Method: An eye and computer mouse-tracking visual-world paradigm was used to investigate how a listener's cognitive effort (local and global) and decision-making processes were affected by a…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Language Processing, Communication Problems, Listening Skills
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Zajac, David J.; Vallino, Linda D.; Baylis, Adriane L.; Adatorwovor, Reuben; Preisser, John S.; Vivaldi, Daniela – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study determined the time course of the emergence of prevocalic stop consonants in young children with cleft palate following surgical repair. Method: A total of 120 children in four cohorts from three institutions were followed from 12 to 24 months of age: (a) 24 with repaired cleft lip and palate (CLP), (b) 36 with repaired cleft…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Phonemes, Congenital Impairments, Young Children
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Ferreira, Maria Carolina; de Matos, Izabella Lima; de Toledo, Isabela Porto; Honório, Heitor Marques; Mondelli, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the severity of tinnitus when compared to no therapy or other modalities of therapies. Method: A systematic review protocol was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) under the Registration Number…
Descriptors: Therapy, Lasers, Patients, Outcomes of Treatment
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Gökay, Nuriye Yildirim; Gündüz, Bülent; Söke, Fatih; Karamert, Recep – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: The effects of neurological diseases on the auditory system have been a notable issue for investigators because the auditory pathway is closely associated with neural systems. The purposes of this study are to evaluate the efferent auditory system function and hearing quality in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to compare the findings with…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Aging (Individuals), Hearing Impairments, Hearing (Physiology)
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