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ERIC Number: EJ973819
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1525-1810
Suspended in Liminal Space: Special Education Administrators and the Decade of Educational Reform within the NYC School System
Connor, David J.
Journal of Special Education Leadership, v25 n1 p25-37 Mar 2012
Highly politicized educational reforms in New York City have seen special education become marginalized as a casualty of the accountability movement. There is a liminal space between "old" and "new" ways where special education administrators find themselves as they consider their roles and responsibilities in continuing to press for opportunities to learn for students with disabilities. This liminal space requires existing special education administrators to opt between three broad possibilities that often take time to evolve: (1) to adjust to new values and ways; (2) to wait and see; or (3) to exit the system, taking the old values and ways with them. For new special education administrators, the new system is simply the "normal" way of doing business.
Council of Administrators of Special Education. Fort Valley State University, 1005 State University Drive, Fort Valley, GA 31030. Tel: 478-825-7667; Fax: 478-825-7811; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York