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Noret, Nathalie; Hunter, Simon C.; Rasmussen, Susan – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Underpinned by the transactional model of stress (TMS), this systematic review synthesizes research testing the role of primary and secondary appraisals in the relationship between peer victimization and adjustment. A comprehensive literature search was undertaken and 23 articles were included in the review. Primary appraisals of threat and…
Descriptors: Victims, Peer Relationship, Bullying, Stress Variables
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Schildkraut, Jaclyn; Carr, Collin M.; Terranova, Victoria – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Following the 2007 shooting at Virginia Tech, policymakers have sought ways to improve safety on college and university campuses nationwide. Among the more recent proposals is to permit concealed handgun licensees to carry on campus. To date, eight states have enacted legislation implementing this measure. A limited body of research considers the…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Attitudes, Laws, Weapons
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Cho, Sujung – Journal of School Violence, 2018
This study examines the impact of low self-control and deviant peer affiliations on bullying perpetration and victimization in South Korea. Our sample is drawn from a five-wave, longitudinal study of 2,844 Korean adolescents (ages 11-15), compiled by the Korean Youth Panel Study. Theoretically driven models are tested using time-concurrent and…
Descriptors: Delinquency, Peer Relationship, Bullying, Self Control
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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Tennant, Jaclyn E.; Demaray, Michelle K. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Bullying is a process of direct (i.e., youth who bully and are victimized) and indirect (i.e., bystanders) social exchanges. Though researchers often examine social and emotional correlates of bullying role behaviors, it is important to also consider the underlying cognitive processes associated with different bullying roles such as socially…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Victims, Gender Differences, Correlation
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Barnes, Tia Navelene; Leite, Walter; Smith, Stephen W. – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Violence prevention programs are commonplace in today's schools, though reviews of the literature reveal mixed empirical findings on their effectiveness. Often, these programs include a variety of components such as social skills training, student mentoring, and activities designed to build a sense of school community that have not been tested for…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Violence, Prevention, Educational Environment
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Higuita-Gutiérrez, Luis Felipe; Cardona-Arias, Jaiberth Antonio – Journal of School Violence, 2017
This study determines the prevalence of bullying and the variables that explain the phenomenon in adolescents from educational institutions in Medellín. A survey involving school climate, family functionality, and bullying was applied in a representative sample of 3,460 adolescents. The information was analyzed with descriptive measures, Z-test,…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Bullying, Foreign Countries, Incidence
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Turner, Heather A.; Mitchell, Kimberly J.; Jones, Lisa; Shattuck, Anne – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Although there are widely held assumptions about the characteristics of peer bullying that are of greatest concern, very few studies have empirically assessed which characteristics most affect its impact. The current research addresses this gap by using a nationally representative U.S. sample of youth ages 10-20 to examine the relative effects of…
Descriptors: Bullying, Peer Relationship, Mental Health, Physical Health
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Hadley, Jade; Mowbray, Tony; Jacobs, Nicky – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Proactive aggression (PA) is goal-directed, hostile social behavior that has been linked to detrimental outcomes. It has been theorized that adolescents who believe aggression is a normal and acceptable social response (approval of aggression) are more likely to show PA. Confidence in one's ability to behave aggressively (self-efficacy about…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Aggression, Interpersonal Relationship, Gender Differences
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Betts, Lucy R.; Houston, James E.; Steer, Oonagh L.; Gardner, Sarah E. – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Positive attribution style, negative attribution style, and generalized peer trust beliefs were examined as mediators in the relationship between adolescents' peer victimization experiences and psychosocial and school adjustment. A total of 280 (150 female and 130 males, M[subscript age] = 13 years 4 months, SD[subscript age] = 1 year 1 month)…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Victims, Trust (Psychology), Correlation
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Zullig, Keith J.; Ghani, Nadia; Collins, Rani; Matthews-Ewald, Molly R. – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Research suggests that the safer students feel at school, the more likely they are to feel connected and able to focus on learning. Thus, measuring students' experiences with a school safety officer (SSO) is essential to understand the connection between officer engagement and students' safety. This study's purpose was to evaluate a SSO scale…
Descriptors: School Safety, School Personnel, Attitude Measures, Student Attitudes
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Rosen, Lisa H.; Scott, Shannon R.; DeOrnellas, Kathy – Journal of School Violence, 2017
The current qualitative study used a focus group approach to examine teachers' perceptions of student aggressors and victims. Participants in the current study included 35 teachers from public elementary, middle, and high schools. Teachers' responses to five questions about risk factors for aggression and victimization, adaptive and maladaptive…
Descriptors: Bullying, Teacher Attitudes, Focus Groups, Qualitative Research
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Franklin, Cortney A.; Brady, Patrick Q.; Jurek, Alicia L. – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Bystander intervention has been an effective strategy for crime prevention and has been successful in the context of campus sexual assault. Less is known about the extent to which individual-level factors correlate with intervention behavior in situations of intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual harassment. The present study used a sample of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Violence, Victims, Sexual Harassment
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de Heer, Brooke; Jones, Lynn – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Since the 2014 "Not Alone" report on campus sexual assault, the use of climate surveys to measure sexual violence on campuses across the United States has increased considerably. The current study utilizes a quasi meta-analysis approach to examine the utility of general campus climate surveys, which include a measure of sexual violence,…
Descriptors: Rape, Campuses, Surveys, Incidence
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Lasky, Nicole V.; Fisher, Bonnie S.; Henriksen, Caitlin B.; Swan, Suzanne C. – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Drugging victimization is an understudied phenomenon. This study examines the relationship between the campus party culture and drugging victimization. Campus party culture has been shown to influence risk of other types of victimization, and there is reason to believe it may also influence drugging victimization. Using three behavioral indicators…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Victims, Sororities, Fraternities
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Navarro, Jordana N.; Clevenger, Shelly – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Most of the research focusing on sexual victimization on college campuses has focused on females as victims. This attention is warranted given that studies have consistently found that females are at more risk of experiencing victimization compared to males. However, a drawback of this emphasis is that laypersons may incorrectly believe that men…
Descriptors: Males, Rape, Violence, Victims
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