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Docherty, Meagan; Sweeten, Gary; Craig, Tyleia; Yang, Vevette J. H.; Decrop, Romain; Beardslee, Jordan; Piquero, Alex; Clark, Catie; Pardini, Dustin – Journal of School Violence, 2020
Although studies have identified risk factors for adolescent handgun carrying, previous research on risk factors for carrying a handgun to school specifically is sparse. This study examines self-report data from 122,840 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students from 426 schools across Arizona, from three survey administrations (2014, 2016, and 2018). In…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Adolescents, Weapons
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Mancini, Christina; Budd, Kristen M. – Journal of School Violence, 2020
Recently, the federal government and colleges have sought new remedies to combat campus sexual assault (CSA). Additionally, there have been calls for shifts in college culture. For this reason, an understanding of attitudes about these policies and reforms is needed. To that end, the study examines three questions. First, to what extent does the…
Descriptors: Rape, Campuses, College Students, Public Opinion
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Greif Green, Jennifer; Holt, Melissa K.; Oblath, Rachel; Robinson, Ellery; Storey, Kim; Merrin, Gabriel J. – Journal of School Violence, 2020
We evaluated the effectiveness of Boston vs. Bullies, a short-term, free, bullying prevention program that uses celebrity athletes to present content. Fifth-grade students in 10 schools were randomized to either complete the Boston vs. Bullies intervention (n = 388), or to a wait-list control group (n = 266). Pre- and post-surveys assessed…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Athletics, Athletes, Bullying
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Acosta, Joie; Chinman, Matthew; Ebener, Patricia; Malone, Patrick S.; Phillips, Andrea; Wilks, Asa – Journal of School Violence, 2019
This study assesses how perceptions of school climate and four mediating factors (school connectedness, peer attachment, assertiveness, and empathy) influence reports of bullying behaviors among 2,834 students in 14 middle schools. Results revealed that students in positive school climates reported experiencing fewer physical, emotional, and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Environment, Bullying, Middle School Students
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Cho, Sujung – Journal of School Violence, 2019
The current study applied an opportunity perspective and an individual trait approach to explain the link between bullying perpetration and victimization among early adolescents in South Korea. This study addressed direct effects of low self-control and lifestyle factors on bullying victimization as well as mediating effects of lifestyles on the…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Early Adolescents, Self Control
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Peguero, Anthony A.; Hong, Jun Sung – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Violence and disorder occurring within schools have received increased attention and scrutiny over the years; however, few have explored how violence and school disorder are influencing the children of immigrants' likelihood of dropping out. The current study draws from a segmented assimilation framework to explore if and how the associations…
Descriptors: Violence, Educational Environment, Dropouts, Immigrants
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Curran, F. Chris; Viano, Samantha L.; Fisher, Benjamin W. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Teacher victimization is a relatively understudied phenomenon that may contribute to teacher turnover. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between teacher reports of victimization and teachers leaving their school and the profession. Using nationally representative data (n = 104,840) from the Schools and Staffing Survey, we…
Descriptors: Faculty Mobility, Violence, Teacher Student Relationship, School Safety
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Zullig, Keith J.; Valois, Robert F. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
This study evaluated a brief social self-efficacy (SSE) measure among 4,122 public middle school adolescents and its association with aggressive behavior. Data analytic procedures included calculating mean ratings, standard deviations in addition to inspecting the scale's reliability, internal structure, and relationships to demographic and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Early Adolescents, Correlation, Aggression
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Bosworth, Kris; Garcia, Rafael; Judkins, Maryann; Saliba, Mark – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Bullying in secondary schools is a serious concern for educators and parents. The relationship between bullying and school climate has been identified and strategies to improve school climate are available. The importance of leadership in shaping school climate has been well documented. This exploratory study explores the role of leadership in…
Descriptors: Bullying, Educational Environment, High School Students, Leadership Role
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Dohy, Jennifer; Banks, Tachelle – Journal of School Violence, 2018
The present study examined variations in incidents of student insubordination and violence using an individual change model, which allowed for repeated observations of student behaviors in 148 Ohio schools at the initial status (2010) and over time (2010 and 2014). Findings were significant only at the initial status. As school size and total…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Public Schools, Violence, Police School Relationship
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Paez, Gabriel R. – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Cyber bullying has become more pervasive as a result of advances in communication technology such as email, text messaging, chat rooms, and social media sites. Despite the growth in research on correlates associated with engagement in cyber bullying, few studies test the applicability of criminological theories to explain engagement in cyber…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Adolescents, Social Influences
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Franklin, Cortney A.; Brady, Patrick Q.; Jurek, Alicia L. – Journal of School Violence, 2017
Bystander intervention has been an effective strategy for crime prevention and has been successful in the context of campus sexual assault. Less is known about the extent to which individual-level factors correlate with intervention behavior in situations of intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual harassment. The present study used a sample of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Violence, Victims, Sexual Harassment
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Wormington, Stephanie V.; Anderson, Kristen G.; Schneider, Ashley; Tomlinson, Kristin L.; Brown, Sandra A. – Journal of School Violence, 2016
Recent research highlights the role of peer victimization in students' adjustment across a variety of domains (e.g., academic, social), but less often identifies potential mediating variables. In the current study, we tested for direct effects from peer victimization to adolescents' academic behavior and alcohol use, as well as indirect effects…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Student Adjustment, Victims of Crime, Peer Groups
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Martinez, Andrew; McMahon, Susan D.; Espelage, Dorothy; Anderman, Eric M.; Reddy, Linda A.; Sanchez, Bernadette – Journal of School Violence, 2016
Extant scholarship has primarily examined demographic predictors of teacher victimization. Teacher multiple victimization, or the extent to which teachers experience multiple types of violence, has not been examined. Using social-ecological theory, we examine correlates of violence among 2,324 teachers who reported having been victimized at least…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Victims, Victims of Crime, Incidence
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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick; Fredrick, Stephanie Secord; Summers, Kelly Hodgson – Journal of School Violence, 2016
This study explored the relations among self-reported bully participant role behaviors (i.e., bullying, assisting, experiencing victimization, defending, and outsider behavior) and self-reported social skills (i.e., cooperation, assertion, empathy, and self-control) among boys and girls. The sample consisted of 636 middle school students (52%…
Descriptors: Bullying, Interpersonal Competence, Cooperation, Empathy
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