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Docherty, Meagan; Sweeten, Gary; Craig, Tyleia; Yang, Vevette J. H.; Decrop, Romain; Beardslee, Jordan; Piquero, Alex; Clark, Catie; Pardini, Dustin – Journal of School Violence, 2020
Although studies have identified risk factors for adolescent handgun carrying, previous research on risk factors for carrying a handgun to school specifically is sparse. This study examines self-report data from 122,840 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students from 426 schools across Arizona, from three survey administrations (2014, 2016, and 2018). In…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, High School Students, Adolescents, Weapons
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Nail, Paul R.; Simon, Joan B.; Bihm, Elson M.; Beasley, William Howard – Journal of School Violence, 2016
According to the compensation model of aggression (Staub, 1989), some people bully to defend against their own feelings of weakness and vulnerability. Classmates and teachers rated a sample of American sixth graders in terms of trait: defensiveness (i.e., defensive egotism), self-esteem, bullying, and related behaviors. Consistent with the model,…
Descriptors: Bullying, Gender Differences, Aggression, Grade 6
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Berkowitz, Ruth; De Pedro, Kris Tunac; Gilreath, Tamika D. – Journal of School Violence, 2015
School victimization is associated with negative social-emotional outcomes and risky behaviors. Most studies have provided definitions and measures of victimization, depicting a limited characterization of victimization in schools. More nuanced analyses of school victimization are needed to assess the heterogeneous pattern of victimization in…
Descriptors: Victims of Crime, Middle School Students, High School Students, Multivariate Analysis
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Baly, Michael W.; Cornell, Dewey G. – Journal of School Violence, 2011
This study of 1,283 middle-school students examined the effect of an educational video designed to distinguish bullying from ordinary peer conflict. Randomly assigned classrooms of students either watched or did not watch a video prior to completing a self-report bullying survey. Compared to the control group, students who watched the video…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Control Groups, Bullying, Measurement
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Lee, Talisha; Cornell, Dewey – Journal of School Violence, 2010
This study examined the concurrent validity of the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire (BVQ) in a convenience sample of 202 middle school students in central Virginia. This appears to be the first published study to compare BVQ reports of being bullied and of bullying others with independent criteria not subject to shared method variance.…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Bullying, Validity, Measures (Individuals)
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Wei, Hsi-Sheng; Chen, Ji-Kang – Journal of School Violence, 2009
This study aims to examine the relationships between social withdrawal, peer rejection and peer victimization among Taiwanese middle school students as well as to explore the applicability of relevant models in an East Asia culture context. The sample of this study consists of 219 7th grade students from middle schools in Taiwan. Data from…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Peer Relationship, Path Analysis, Foreign Countries
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Varjas, Kris; Henrich, Christopher C.; Meyers, Joel – Journal of School Violence, 2009
This study examined 427 urban middle school students' perceptions of bullying, cyberbullying, and school safety utilizing the Student Survey of Bullying Behavior-Revised 2 (Varjas, Meyers, & Hunt, 2006). A unique finding is that cyberbullying may represent a unique modality of victimization and bullying compared with other school-based…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Student Attitudes, Bullying, Student Surveys
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Griffin, James P., Jr.; Chen, Dungtsa; Eubanks, Adriane; Brantley, Katrina M.; Willis, Leigh A. – Journal of School Violence, 2007
Using random assignment of students to two intervention groups and a comparison school sample, the researchers evaluated a three-group school-based violence prevention program. The three groups were (1) a whole-school intervention, (2) whole-school, cognitive-behavioral and cultural enrichment training, and (3) no violence prevention. The…
Descriptors: Intervention, Females, Prevention, Gender Differences
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Felix, Erika D.; McMahon, Susan D. – Journal of School Violence, 2007
Students experience many forms of victimization at school, yet few studies address more than one form of victimization. In this study, we explored the incidence of multiple forms of peer victimization, including direct verbal and physical, relational, and sexual harassment victimization among urban middle school students. We examined the overlap…
Descriptors: Sexual Harassment, Incidence, Gender Differences, Victims of Crime
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Soderstrom, Irina R.; Elrod, Preston – Journal of School Violence, 2006
In an effort to assess students' perceptions of victimization in their schools, as well as their schools' safety, over 1,900 students from elementary, middle, high, and alternative schools were administered a 154-item questionnaire. The responses on the items were used to establish the psychometric properties of 19 theoretically driven scales and…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, School Safety, Psychometrics, Peer Influence
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Wilcox, Pamela; Augustine, Michelle Campbell; Bryan, Jon Paul; Roberts, Staci D. – Journal of School Violence, 2005
While actual, "objective" experiences with crime in school are very important, so too are "subjective" experiences with crime including cognitive perceptions of the likelihood of experiencing school crime and the emotionally-based fear of school crime. Moreover, objective and subjective experiences with crime (and the…
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Crime, Grade 8, Victims of Crime
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Cornell, Dewey G.; Brockenbrough, Karen – Journal of School Violence, 2004
Bullying studies frequently rely on student self-report to identify bullies and victims of bullying, but research in the broader field of peer aggression makes greater use of other informants, especially peers, to identify aggressors and victims. This study compared self, peer, and teacher identification of bullies and bully victims in a sample of…
Descriptors: Bullying, Identification, Victims of Crime, Aggression
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Crothers, Laura M.; Kolbert, Jered B. – Journal of School Violence, 2004
This study compares middle school students' and teachers' perceptions regarding the effectiveness of intervention and prevention strategies commonly used by children, teachers, and nonteaching staff to address bullying among students as identified in the research literature. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. The results indicate…
Descriptors: Intervention, Bullying, Prevention, Assertiveness