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Monopoli, W. John; Evans, Steven W.; Himawan, Lina K. – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Research has identified at least three patterns of direct involvement in bullying and victimization: bullying, bullying-victimized, and predominantly victimized. However, little is known about risk and protective factors for these patterns. As such, the goals of the present study were to establish these patterns and examine risk and protective…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, At Risk Students, Middle School Students
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Martinez, Andrew; Villegas, Lina; Hassoun Ayoub, Lama; Jensen, Elise; Miller, Michelle – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Restorative justice (RJ) practices have expanded significantly with the aim of improving school safety. Despite RJ's potential for transformative change, the factors driving these changes have rarely been the focus of rigorous scientific investigation. This qualitative study applies a system change framework to examine how organizational system…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Justice, Conflict Resolution, Theory Practice Relationship
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Wood, Brandon; Hampton, Eric – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Calls to weaponize teachers with guns as a means of enhanced school safety and protection against a school shooting have intensified in recent years. Arguments for and against arming teachers are relatively well-established, but a paucity of scholarly research exists regarding its effectiveness and whether teachers generally support carrying guns…
Descriptors: Weapons, Teacher Role, School Safety, Violence
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Reeping, Paul M.; Klarevas, Louis; Rajan, Sonali; Rowhani-Rahbar, Ali; Heinze, Justin; Zeoli, April M.; Goyal, Monika K.; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Branas, Charles C. – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Limited research has been conducted on the state-level factors that may be associated with intentional school shootings. We obtained school shooting data from the "Washington Post" that identified any act of intentional interpersonal gunfire in a K-12 school over the course of two decades. We also compiled new data on active school…
Descriptors: Violence, School Safety, Weapons, State Legislation
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Hester, Erin B.; Geegan, Sarah; Ivanov, Bobi – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Although fatal shootings on U.S. college campuses are statistically rare, students are routinely confronted with information suggesting that shootings are rampant and unavoidable. Pre-crisis interventions should address the threat of deceptive claims and restore beliefs that universities are capable of protecting students from violence. This…
Descriptors: School Violence, Weapons, School Safety, Deception
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Zhang, Hongwei; Jiang, Yong – Journal of School Violence, 2022
School violence, as a special type of violence, refers to behaviors that take the school as a background, occur inside the school, and cause physical and/or psychological harm to school members. This review builds on growing literature in the field of school violence in mainland China with a focus on school bullying as its most common form. It…
Descriptors: School Violence, Research Reports, Bullying, Antisocial Behavior
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Freilich, Joshua D.; Chermak, Steven M.; Connell, Nadine M.; Klein, Brent R.; Greene-Colozzi, Emily A. – Journal of School Violence, 2022
This study uses open source information to examine school shootings in the United States for the 1990-2016 period. We innovatively created a national-level database to address the gaps in existing research and identified 652 school shootings. These shootings included 473 intentional shootings (encompassing 354 with known offenders and 119 with…
Descriptors: Weapons, School Violence, Homicide, Information Sources
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Zhao, Ruohui; Yao, Xuening – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Both traditional school bullying and cyber bullying among adolescents have become international concerns across many countries including China. The role of depressive symptoms in the relationship between various forms of bullying victimization and suicidal ideation has not been adequately studied in the Chinese context. This study aims to explore…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Victims, Psychological Patterns
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Wang, Xiaotao; Liu, Liu; Chen, Binli; Chui, Wing Hong; Wang, Xiying – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Fighting in school is a specific type of violence that has been understudied in China. A total of 2,918 students were recruited through a stratified sampling method from eleven secondary schools in China. The results showed that around 14% of respondents had been involved in school fighting, and self-control significantly mediated the relationship…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Violence, Aggression, Secondary School Students
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Sun, Jinlu; Cao, Liqun – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Most studies of school bullying in China are atheoretical. To fill the gap in the literature, we introduce criminological theories in an attempt to test propositions broadly derived from these perspectives in the study of physical bullying. Relying on data collected from 12 middle schools (Grades 7 to 9) in three cities with information on both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Middle School Students, Aggression
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Liu, Weidi; Qiu, Geping; Zhang, Sheldon X.; Fan, Qi – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Research on generational transmission of violence suggests that parental corporal punishment in Western countries often leads to violent behavior among children. Violence begets violence, to most Western childrearing scholars. However, the socio-cultural context within which corporal punishment is administrated matters and often produces…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Punishment, Discipline, Parent Child Relationship
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Crichlow-Ball, Caroline; Cornell, Dewey; Huang, Francis – Journal of School Violence, 2022
National debate over law enforcement in schools has largely overlooked student reporting of violent threats to school resource officer (SROs). This statewide assessment of Virginia high school students (n = 99,358) found that the majority of Black (64%), Hispanic (72%), White (71%), and other racial/ethnic identity (71%) students agreed the SRO…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, High School Students, Police School Relationship, School Security
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Waterman, Emily A.; Edwards, Katie M.; Banyard, Victoria L. – Journal of School Violence, 2022
This paper examines the likelihood of violence in successive cohorts of students in a small city during the implementation of a youth-led sexual violence prevention initiative. We compared the likelihood of violence among students who were in 8th, 9th, and 10th grade before the programming to the likelihood of violence among students who were in…
Descriptors: Violence, Antisocial Behavior, Probability, Sexual Abuse
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Ratcliff, Benjamin R.; Burrow-Sánchez, Jason J. – Journal of School Violence, 2022
The present study investigates the role of perceived reason for being bullied on the outcomes of bullying. Using a sample of bullied youth from the 2017 administration of the PNA survey (n = 3,373), the present study tested the moderating effect of perceived reason for bullying on the relation between type of bullying experienced and depressive…
Descriptors: Bullying, Depression (Psychology), Computer Mediated Communication, Sexual Identity
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Yang, Chunyan; Chan, Mei-ki; Lin, Xueqin; Chen, Chun – Journal of School Violence, 2022
Guided by the social-ecological model, the present study used hierarchical linear modeling to examine the multilevel associations between teacher victimization (TV), teacher burnout, and school climate. Participants were 1,711 teachers from 58 middle and high schools in mainland China. Using hierarchical linear modeling, the study found that upon…
Descriptors: Teacher Burnout, School Violence, Middle School Students, High School Students
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