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Bugbee, Brittany A.; Beck, Kenneth H.; Fryer, Craig S.; Arria, Amelia M. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Substance use is prevalent and is associated with academic performance among adolescents. Few studies have examined the association between abstinence from all substances and academic achievement. Methods: Data from a nationally representative sample of 9578 12th graders from the 2015 Monitoring the Future survey were analyzed to…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Grade 12
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Clark, Andrew F.; Wilk, Piotr; Gilliland, Jason A. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Some Canadian schools have modified their daily schedules from the traditional school day (TSD) schedule (two 15-minute breaks and one 60-minute break) to a balanced school day (BSD) schedule (two 40-minute breaks). While this change increases daily planning and instructional time, it also changes the amount of time available for…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Physical Activity Level, Foreign Countries, Case Studies
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Blaisdell, Amanda J.; Olsen, Larry K. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Health educators in public high schools can provide educational interventions to reduce teen unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Characteristics of teachers and schools influence their decision to provide condom education. Studies to determine characteristics must be conducted so HIV/sex education can be…
Descriptors: Barriers, Sexuality, Health Education, Intervention
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Mark, Lauraliisa; Värnik, Airi; Sisask, Merike – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Bullying has been associated with many mental health problems. The effect of bullying has been found to be affected by the way students are involved in bullying. The purpose of the study was to explore the association between mental well-being, hopelessness, and being involved in bullying (as a bully, victim, or bully-victim), and to…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Mental Health, Well Being
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Ahmed, Rashid; Diener, Alan; Bahri, Saad – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Ninety percent of smokers report having their first whole cigarette before the age of 19. Policies, such as youth access laws, are essential to prevent youth from becoming future smokers. In Canada, the Tobacco Act prohibits retailers from furnishing tobacco products to individuals under the age of 18. These laws can only be effective…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Retailing, Compliance (Legal), Smoking
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da Costa, Bruno G. G.; da Silva, Kelly S.; Bandeira, Alexsandra S.; Martins, Cilene R.; Vieira, Jéssika A. J.; Petroski, Edio L. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Sedentary behavior (SB) is related to unhealthy outcomes and is performed in many contexts, including school. The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic, biological, and psychosocial correlates of SB performed at school in a sample of adolescents. Methods: Adolescents provided information regarding sex, age, socioeconomic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activity Level, Health Behavior, Child Health
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Wilson, Kelly L.; Szucs, Leigh E.; Shipley, Meagan; Fehr, Sara K.; McNeill, Elisa B.; Wiley, David C. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Violent behaviors have devastating impacts on youth and adolescents. National standards offer a framework for age and developmentally appropriate health education expectations. This study provides findings from a systematic review and analysis of teen dating violence (TDV) prevention curricula using National Sexuality Education…
Descriptors: Sex Education, National Standards, Academic Standards, Dating (Social)
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Gråstén, Arto; Yli-Piipari, Sami – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: In this study, we examined the development of children's moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and physical education (PE) enjoyment through the Physical Activity as Civil Skill Program 2012-2014. Methods: Participants were 661 (265 intervention, 396 control) elementary school children in central and northeast Finland. The…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Education, Learner Engagement, Children
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Matjasko, Jennifer L.; Holland, Kristin M.; Holt, Melissa K.; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Koenig, Brian W. – Journal of School Health, 2019
BACKGROUND: School-based extracurricular activity participation is one of the primary avenues for prosocial activity engagement during adolescence. In this study, we test the "overscheduling hypothesis" or whether the negative relationship between structured activity intensity (ie, hours) and adolescent bullying and fighting levels off…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Behavior Problems, Bullying, Prosocial Behavior
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Seibert, Tasa; Allen, David B.; Eickhoff, Jens C.; Carrel, Aaron L. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) promotes school-based strategies to increase physical activity (PA). Implementation feasibility and effect of these interventions on cardiovascular fitness (CVF) is unknown. Methods: Forty-nine low-SES schools were randomly assigned to either (1) continue routine PA programs (N =…
Descriptors: Census Figures, Health Promotion, Physical Activity Level, Intervention
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Daily, Shay M.; Mann, Michael J.; Kristjansson, Alfgeir L.; Smith, Megan L.; Zullig, Keith J. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Emergent evidence suggests a positive school climate may be a promising population-level intervention to promote academic achievement and student well-being. However, researchers have called for expanding the school climate evidence-base to better describe how the construct is associated with student outcomes. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Middle School Students
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Beaudry, Mary Beth; Swartz, Karen; Miller, Leslie; Schweizer, Barbara; Glazer, Kara; Wilcox, Holly – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Analysis of data from a NIMH-supported study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program (ADAP) in promoting depression literacy and help-seeking behavior. Methods: Eighteen Pennsylvania schools were matched on size, sex, race, test scores, median income, and free/reduced lunch status.…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Mental Health, Help Seeking, Intervention
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Kim, Suhee; Kim, Gwang Suk – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Despite the environment being recognized as playing an important role in health, little is known about the influence of school and community factors on student health. This study aimed to identify the ecological factors influencing obesity among middle school students, including intrapersonal, interpersonal, school, and community…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Obesity, Environmental Influences, School Nurses
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LeGros, Theresa A.; Jones, Bete; Jacobs, Laurel; Orzech, Kathryn M.; Torbert, Kinsey; Martinez, Stephanie H. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: In 2016, the United States Department of Agriculture issued a final rule to strengthen local wellness policies (LWPs). As school districts pursue compliance, states can provide critical guidance by leveraging support from intermediary programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program--Education (SNAP-Ed). After Arizona…
Descriptors: Wellness, Case Studies, Public Policy, School Districts
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Martinez-Ospina, Andrea; Sudfeld, Christopher R.; González, Silvia A.; Sarmiento, Olga L. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: In Colombia, the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children has increased by 26% in the past 5 years. School food environment may be an important contributor and offers opportunities for effective intervention. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 7- to 14-year-old schoolchildren from 10 schools in Bogotá, Colombia. We…
Descriptors: Food, Educational Environment, Obesity, Body Weight
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