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Lai, Hsiang-Ru; Wu, Der-Min; Lee, Pi-Hsia; Jhang, Yu-Siang – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Health education (HE) courses in schools are vital paths for improving teenagers' health literacy. HE and physical education (PE) teachers lead HE courses, and their teaching intentions and competency influence the effectiveness of the courses and the ability to promote students' health literacy. This study attempted to understand HE…
Descriptors: Health, Literacy, Teacher Attitudes, Physical Education Teachers
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Hughes, Denise; Maiden, Kristin – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Currently, no intervention concerning transition of health care responsibilities from parents to teens exists for adolescents in the general population. The purpose of this intervention was to evaluate teacher satisfaction and student knowledge gain of a health unit developed for adolescents on becoming their own health care advocates.…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Health Education, Intervention
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Fishman, Jessica; Beidas, Rinad; Reisinger, Erica; Mandell, David S. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: School-based interventions can result in profound social, behavioral, and academic improvement for students with autism, but teachers rarely implement them. It is important to understand why this occurs and use this information to increase the use of evidence-based practices. Toward this goal, 2 proof-of-construct studies demonstrate…
Descriptors: Intention, Best Practices, Longitudinal Studies, Public School Teachers
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Harvey, Susan P.; Markenson, Deborah; Gibson, Cheryl A. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Obesity is a complex health problem affecting more than one-third of school-aged youth. The increasing obesity rates in Kansas and Missouri has been particularly concerning, with efforts being made to improve student health through the implementation of school wellness policies (SWPs). The primary purpose of this study was to conduct a…
Descriptors: Wellness, School Policy, Barriers, Health Promotion
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Hogue, Susan L.; Muniz, Rafael; Herrem, Christopher; Silvia, Suyapa; White, Martha V. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Anaphylaxis is a serious and growing concern in the school setting as the prevalence of food allergies and food-induced severe allergic reactions continues to increase. Methods: A cross-sectional, web-based survey was conducted regarding anaphylactic events that occurred during the 2014-2015 school year. Eligible schools were enrolled…
Descriptors: Barriers, Drug Therapy, Food, Allergy
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Turner, Lindsey; Calvert, Hannah G.; Chaloupka, Frank J. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: School policies and practices, such as the sharing of school facilities with the surrounding community, support physical activity among students and community members, but are often underutilized. This study examined variations in shared use practices, and associations with perceived barriers. Methods: Surveys were completed by a…
Descriptors: Barriers, School Policy, Educational Facilities, Elementary School Students
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Temkin, Deborah A.; Princiotta, Daniel; Ryberg, Renee; Lewin, Daniel S. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Although adolescents generally get less than the recommended 9 hours of sleep per night, research and effort to delay school start times have generally focused on high schools. This study assesses the relation between school start times and sleep in middle school students while accounting for potentially confounding demographic…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Middle School Students, Sleep, School Schedules
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Lee, Chung Gun; Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.; Lohrmann, David K.; Song, Tae Min – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: We examined the longitudinal trajectory of substance use (binge drinking, marijuana use, and cocaine use) in relation to self-esteem from adolescence to young adulthood. Methods: Generalized estimating equation models were fit using SAS to investigate changes in the relation between self-esteem and each substance use (binge drinking,…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Substance Abuse, Adolescents, Young Adults
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Solé, Ester; Castarlenas, Elena; Sánchez-Rodríguez, Elisabet; Galán, Santiago; de la Vega, Rocío; Jensen, Mark P.; Miró, Jordi – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the reactions of teachers and student teachers to children experiencing pain, (2) identify the most common challenges and potential resources that are associated to dealing with them, and (3) examine whether their responses differed as a function of their experience or sex. Methods: Forty…
Descriptors: Chronic Illness, Pain, Teacher Attitudes, Experienced Teachers
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Hearst, Mary O.; Shanafelt, Amy; Wang, Qi; Leduc, Robert; Nanney, Marilyn S. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. Methods: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, School Policy, High School Students, Rural Schools
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Stage, Virginia C.; Kolasa, Kathryn M.; Díaz, Sebastián R.; Duffrin, Melani W. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Explore associations between nutrition, science, and mathematics knowledge to provide evidence that integrating food/nutrition education in the fourth-grade curriculum may support gains in academic knowledge. Methods: Secondary analysis of a quasi-experimental study. Sample included 438 students in 34 fourth-grade classrooms across…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Sciences, Mathematics, Nutrition Instruction
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Porter, Kathleen J.; Koch, Pamela A.; Contento, Isobel R. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: There are many potential health benefits to having nutrition education programs offered by expert outside sources in schools. However, little is known about why and how schools initiate, implement, and institutionalize them. Gaining this understanding may allow the impact and reach of nutrition and other health education programs in…
Descriptors: Nutrition Instruction, Health Promotion, Elementary Schools, Public Schools
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Brown, Kristin M.; Elliott, Susan J.; Leatherdale, Scott T. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Although schools are considered opportune settings for youth health interventions, a gap between school health research and practice exists. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used integrated knowledge translation to enhance schools' uptake of research findings. Schools…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Secondary Schools, Secondary School Students, Health Behavior
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Kern, Ben D.; Graber, Kim C.; Shen, Sa; Hillman, Charles H.; McLoughlin, Gabriella – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) is the most accurate predictor of academic performance in US schools. Third-grade reading is highly predictive of high school graduation. Chronic physical activity (PA) is shown to improve cognition and academic performance. We hypothesized that school-based PA opportunities (recess and physical education)…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Academic Achievement, Grade 3, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Jenkins, Jade Marcus – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach…
Descriptors: Health Insurance, Kindergarten, Outreach Programs, Public Policy
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