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Wang, Huan; Zhao, Qiran; Boswell, Matthew; Rozelle, Scott – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Childhood malnutrition is commonplace among poor rural communities in China. In 2012, China launched its first nationwide school-feeding program (SFP) to address this problem. This study examines the prevalence of malnutrition before and after the SFP and identifies possible reasons for the trends observed. Methods: Ordinary least…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Nutrition, Rural Schools, Elementary School Students
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McNeely, Clea A.; Sprecher, Katharine; Bates-Fredi, Denise; Price, Olga Acosta; Allen, Chenoa D. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Foreign-born children rarely use traditional school mental health services. Comprehensive programs that combine mental health services with academic, economic, and socioemotional supports reach more foreign-born children and improve well-being. However, little practical guidance exists regarding how to best combine these diverse…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Health Services, Mental Health Programs, Immigrants
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Gini, Gianluca; Holt, Melissa; Pozzoli, Tiziana; Marino, Claudia – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: The link between peer victimization and somatic problems is well-established. What is currently understudied is under what contextual conditions victims' health might be most likely to be compromised. Studies demonstrate that victims suffer from poorer adjustment when they belong to a group in which victimization is less normative…
Descriptors: Victims, Child Health, Student Adjustment, Adolescents
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Durocher, Elyse; Gauvin, Lise – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: This study aims to quantify associations between one's weight management goal and eating behaviors and physical activity among teenagers. Methods: Weighted logistic regressions were performed predicting healthy behaviors from weight goal separately for boys and girls while controlling for age, body mass index, socioeconomic indicators,…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Health Behavior, Eating Habits, Physical Activity Level
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Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Schools are important venues for providing and promoting physical activity, but little is known about how school websites are being used for these purposes. Completing a content analysis of existing school websites is essential to understanding their function and value relative to supporting physical education (PE) and physical…
Descriptors: Web Sites, Physical Activity Level, Physical Activities, Health Promotion
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Dunn, Melissa; Drew, Christa; O'Brien, Joseph; Wood, Michael; Mora, Eriberto; Diener, Sam; Perry, Donna J. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Youth violence is a significant problem affecting community health. Community-academic partnerships can advance youth nonviolence education by synergizing the strengths of collaborators while working toward a common goal. We describe a collaboration between an urban public middle school, community nonprofit, and university-based…
Descriptors: School Community Relationship, Violence, Pretests Posttests, Prevention
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Shore, Erin; Cheung, Patricia C.; Hyde, Eric; Gazmararian, Julie A. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Physical activity at schools is an important component in combatting childhood obesity. Studies have shown that physical activity at school is positively associated with academic outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine associations between opportunity of physical activity time at school and academic outcomes. Methods: This…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Obesity, Health Behavior, Academic Achievement
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Hyde, Eric T.; Gazmararian, Julie A.; Barrett-Williams, Shannon L.; Kay, Christi M. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Most youth in the United States do not meet the recommended 60 minutes of daily physical activity (PA). The school environment offers an opportunity to engage students in PA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive school-based physical activity program on student PA across student-level and school-level…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Physical Activities, Health Promotion, Program Effectiveness
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Marcano-Olivier, Mariel I.; Horne, Pauline J.; Viktor, Simon; Erjavec, Mihela – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: There is a growing interest in low-cost interventions that modify obesogenic environments and encourage positive behavior change. We conducted a systematic review of studies that used behavioral nudges to promote a healthy school cafeteria environment. Methods: A literature search was conducted using 5 databases; of 381 papers noted,…
Descriptors: Health Promotion, Eating Habits, Behavior Change, Health Behavior
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Jacobs, Wura; Barry, Adam E.; Merianos, Ashley L.; Becker, Kelsi J.; Valente, Thomas W. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Compared to other racial groups, Hispanic/Latino(a) adolescents experience higher rates of alcohol (ab)use and alcohol-related problems. Evidence suggests there are gender differences in alcohol use patterns indicating the likelihood of gender differences in how various determinants influence alcohol use among the genders. Assessing…
Descriptors: Drinking, Hispanic American Students, Gender Differences, Alcohol Abuse
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Grannon, Katherine Y.; Nanney, Marilyn S.; Wang, Qi; Larson, Nicole; Hearst, Mary O.; Berge, Jerica; Caspi, Caitlin E. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Breakfast consumption often decreases as youth get older. The School Breakfast Program (SBP) provides an opportunity to intervene and increase breakfast consumption, especially among high school students. Methods: Project breakFAST implemented an expanded breakfast service at 12 high schools. In this longitudinal evaluation, school…
Descriptors: High School Students, Breakfast Programs, Grade 9, Grade 10
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Bhurosy, Trishnee; Thiagarajah, Krisha – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Sleep deprivation adversely impacts cognitive performance. A nutritious diet is one strategy that can prevent sleep deprivation and its adverse effects. However, few data exist regarding the influence of diet on sleep duration among adolescents. Hence, it is important to assess whether dietary habits are linked to adequate sleep among…
Descriptors: Eating Habits, Sleep, Health Behavior, Adolescents
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DeFosset, Amelia R.; Sivashanmugam, Megala; Gase, Lauren N.; Lai, Elaine; Tan, Grace; Kuo, Tony – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: District wellness policies provide an avenue to advance the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC) model. The extent to which wellness policies currently align with WSCC is unclear; to-date, tools have been unavailable to examine this issue. Methods: We reviewed written health-focused policies among 37 school districts in…
Descriptors: Wellness, Student Welfare, Models, Holistic Approach
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Zarate, Raul Perez; Johnson, Leigh; Mogendi, Simon; Hogue, Carol; Johnson, Veda; Gazmararian, Julie – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: School-based health centers (SBHCs) provide opportunities for offering quality service to underserved populations. The objectives of this study were to: (1) document the SBHC process at different locations and evaluate their similarities and differences; (2) explore SBHC clinic staff satisfaction; and (3) identify facilitators and…
Descriptors: Barriers, Pilot Projects, Parent Attitudes, School Health Services
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Dickson, Elizabeth; Parshall, Mark; Brindis, Claire D. – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Comprehensive sexual health education (SHE) reduces risky sexual behavior and increases protective behavior in adolescents. It is important to understand how professionals responsible for implementing SHE policy interpret state and local policy and what influences their commitment to formal SHE policy implementation. Methods: This…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Educational Policy, Rural Areas, Poverty
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