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Martin, Molly A.; Caskey, Rachel; Glassgow, Anne Elizabeth; Pappalardo, Andrea A.; Hsu, Lewis L.; Jang, Jiyeong; Basu, Sanjib; Minier, Mark; Fox, Kenneth; Voorhees, Benjamin Van – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: In this study, we aimed to determine how school attendance changed over time for children on Medicaid with chronic health conditions enrolled in a comprehensive care coordination program called Coordinated HEalthcare for Complex Kids (CHECK). Methods: Medicaid beneficiaries from one managed care organization were randomized into 2…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Attendance Patterns, Low Income Students, Chronic Illness
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Erwin, Heather; Weight, Erianne; Harry, Molly – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Over 1 in 3 children in US schools is overweight or obese; thus, most teachers believe physical education and activity are necessary K-12 components. One potential avenue to infuse physical activity (PA) in educational settings is integrating in classrooms based on learning objectives and academic outcomes. In this study, we examined…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Physical Activities, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Sturgill, Ronda; Martinasek, Mary; Manke, Laura – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Teen pregnancy continues to burden families, communities, and society. Programs continue to educate and impower youth and young adults to make positive behavioral decisions. Methods: We evaluated a program aimed at high-risk youth in after-school programs. The goal of the program was to instill a sense of community and empathy, as well…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Outreach Programs, Pregnancy, After School Programs
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Hoke, Alicia M.; Stuckey, Heather L.; Keller, Chelsea M.; Lu, Zhexi; Hivner, Elizabeth A.; Calo, William A.; Strick, Janine M.; Kraschnewski, Jennifer L. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: All 50 states have school-entry immunization requirements, and many also allow exemptions based on medical and non-medical reasons. School nurses are responsible for managing student immunization compliance based on state policies, but lack standardized resources and guidance. Methods: Pennsylvania school nurses (N = 21) participated…
Descriptors: Resources, School Nurses, Immunization Programs, Compliance (Psychology)
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Centeio, Erin E.; Somers, Cheryl; Moore, E. Whitney G.; Kulik, Noel; Garn, Alex; McCaughtry, Nate – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Improving the academic achievement of youth in the United States is an area of interest and a critical indicator of the future success of the youth. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a comprehensive school physical activity and healthy eating program on 5th-grade students' academic achievement, specifically reading…
Descriptors: Comprehensive School Health Education, Elementary School Students, Academic Achievement, Grade 5
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Caruana, Maria; West, Lorna M.; Cordina, Maria – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: The likelihood of children with asthma experiencing an exacerbation at school is significantly high when considering that they spend a substantial part of their day at school. This study, therefore, aimed to systematically review the literature to determine current asthma management practices by primary school teaching staff and any…
Descriptors: Diseases, Chronic Illness, Child Health, Intervention
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Clary, Kelly Lynn; Reinhart, Crystal A.; Kim, Hyun Jung; Smith, Douglas Cary – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Epidemiological surveys are designed to collect representative trend data. School-based surveys are important to utilize so systems can effectively create prevention and intervention programs to alter youths' perceptions and behaviors related to substance use. However, there are many barriers when implementing a school-based survey.…
Descriptors: Recruitment, Student Surveys, Prevention, Intervention
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Brown, Brande; Ruggles, Kelly V.; Le, Francesca T.; Rajan, Sonali – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Among adolescents, the pathway from being offered drugs to engaging in drug use has been established. The prevalence of drug transactions specifically in schools is less understood. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of adolescents who have reported drug transaction experiences (being offered, sold, or given an…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Adolescents, High School Students, Incidence
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Limbers, Christine A. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a need to understand caregiver preferences for their children's instructional format for the start of the 2020 to 2021 academic year. The purpose of the current study was to assess caregiver preferences for on-campus versus virtual learning at home during the fall and factors associated with these…
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Preferences, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students
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Nicholson, Laura M.; McLeod Loren, Dorothy; Reifenberg, Alexandra; Beets, Michael W.; Bohnert, Amy M. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: The structure provided by school settings even with no specific obesity-intervention may prevent weight gain. This meta-analytic study considered this premise by examining weight outcomes from control groups in published randomized controlled trials of school-year obesity-related interventions conducted in-school and out-of-school.…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Meta Analysis, Obesity, Intervention
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Wolfe, Wendy S.; Dollahite, Jamie – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: "Choose Health: Food, Fun, and Fitness" (CHFFF) is aimed at 3rd to 6th graders, and uses experiential learning, food preparation, active games, goal setting, and a family newsletter to target behaviors shown to decrease childhood obesity and chronic disease risk. This study aimed to evaluate CHFFF as intended in low-income…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Health Education, Curriculum Development, Elementary School Curriculum
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Messer, Lynne C.; Halladay, Corrie; Hofert, Gina; Sheppard, Barbara K. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Positive youth development emphasizes that adaptive features of adolescence may contribute to teenage pregnancy prevention. Methods: Using data from approximately 1300 seventh-ninth graders, we describe positive youth development assets (external and internal) and their association with sexual risk taking. School-, sex-, and…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Risk, Adolescent Development, Pregnancy
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Meendering, Jessica R.; Skinner, Maty M.; McCormack, Lacey A. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: School districts participating in the US Child Nutrition program are required to have a wellness policy. Many state agencies provide model policies to aid districts in policy creation. However, use of model wellness policies has not been associated with higher quality policies. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to assess…
Descriptors: Models, School Districts, Wellness, School Policy
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Shelton, Andrea J.; Owens, Emiel W. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Mental health services in the United States public schools are an important component of the academic success of a student. Not all schools, however, have the necessary personnel and funding to offer such services. Methods: In this paper, we provide an analysis of data collected from schools in 3 geographic locations. Comparisons were…
Descriptors: Mental Health Programs, Public Schools, High Schools, High School Students
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Korn, Liat; Haynie, Denise L.; Luk, Jeremy W.; Sita, Kellienne; Simons-Morton, Bruce G. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Prevention of early age initiation of cannabis use is a national priority, highlighting the importance of identifying cannabis-specific attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control in relation to initiation age. Methods: Data were from the NEXT Generation Health Study, a national longitudinal sample of US adolescents followed…
Descriptors: Social Influences, Behavior Problems, Age Differences, Marijuana
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