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Clarke, Ben; Baker, Scott; Smolkowski, Keith; Doabler, Christian; Strand Cary, Mari; Fien, Hank – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
This study examined the efficacy of a core kindergarten mathematics program, Early Learning in Mathematics (ELM), a 120-lesson program with four content strands: (a) number operations, (b) geometry, (c) measurement, and (d) vocabulary. The study utilized a randomized block design, with 129 classrooms randomly assigned within schools to treatment…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Mathematics Instruction, Control Groups
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Chen, Jianshen; Kaplan, David – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
Bayesian alternatives to frequentist propensity score approaches have recently been proposed. However, few studies have investigated their covariate balancing properties. This article compares a recently developed two-step Bayesian propensity score approach to the frequentist approach with respect to covariate balance. The effects of different…
Descriptors: Observation, Bayesian Statistics, Case Studies, Simulation
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Steiner, Peter M.; Cook, Thomas D.; Li, Wei; Clark, M. H. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
In observational studies, selection bias will be completely removed only if the selection mechanism is ignorable, namely, all confounders of treatment selection and potential outcomes are reliably measured. Ideally, well-grounded substantive theories about the selection process and outcome-generating model are used to generate the sample of…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Bias, Selection, Observation
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Bitler, Marianne; Domina, Thurston; Penner, Emily; Hoynes, Hilary – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2015
We use quantile treatment effects estimation to examine the consequences of the random-assignment New York City School Choice Scholarship Program across the distribution of student achievement. Our analyses suggest that the program had negligible and statistically insignificant effects across the skill distribution. In addition to contributing to…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, School Choice, Educational Vouchers, Case Studies
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Nomi, Takako – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2010
By incorporating two theoretical frameworks this study examines how school characteristics shape first-grade reading ability-grouping practices, and how this, in turn, affects students' reading achievement. The author uses the data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study and applies the propensity-score method to examine whether first-grade…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Reading Achievement, Ability Grouping, Reading Ability
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Reardon, Sean F.; Cheadle, Jacob E.; Robinson, Joseph P. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2009
Prior research estimating the effect of Catholic schooling has focused on high school, where evidence suggests a positive effect of Catholic versus public schooling. In this article, we estimate the effect of attending a Catholic elementary school rather than a public school on the math and reading skills of children in kindergarten through fifth…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Catholic Schools, Mathematics Skills, Reading Skills