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ERIC Number: EJ1390743
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2023-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
EISSN: EISSN-2578-2118
Using Self-Efficacy Theory to Design Arduino Instruction for Novices: A Replication Study
Johnson, Donald M.; Pate, Michael L.; Estepp, Christopher M.; Wardlow, George W.
Journal of Research in Technical Careers, v7 n1 p68-84 May 2023
A replication study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of an instructional treatment based on self-efficacy theory when used with novice Arduino microcontroller users. Students (n = 32) in an introductory university agricultural systems technology course participated in a lesson on Arduino microcontrollers, circuit breadboarding, and Arduino programming which included four hands-on practice tasks, designed to provide students with positive mastery, vicarious and social persuasion experiences. Next, students completed a laboratory activity and were provided additional opportunities for mastery, vicarious, and social persuasion experiences. The one-group pretest-posttest design indicated the instructional treatment had significant (p < 0.001) and large effects in increasing students' interest in Arduino, breadboarding self-efficacy, programming self-efficacy, and Arduino knowledge. These findings were consistent with the original study and provided additional evidence for self-efficacy theory as an effective model for developing instruction for novice Arduino users. Students' written comments provided additional insight concerning the instructional treatment.
UNLV Department of Teaching and Learning. 4505 South Maryland Parkway PO Box 3005, Las Vegas, NV 89154. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: US Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A