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Boda, Phillip A.; Brown, Bryan – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
The development of three-dimensional learning among all K-12 student demographics remains a prominent goal for the field of science education. However, substantial research in science teacher education for urban populations showcases hurdles to overcome in order to achieve this goal, particularly for elementary teachers. Research shows that urban…
Descriptors: Scientific Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Urban Schools
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Yang, Rui; Porter, Andrew C.; Massey, Christine M.; Merlino, Joseph F.; Desimone, Laura M. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
This study investigates, through a cluster-randomized trial, the effectiveness of two approaches to increasing middle school students' science learning using a traditional science curriculum. Ninety schools were randomly assigned into one of three arms: (a) a treatment arm in which the textbook curriculum was modified based on four principles of…
Descriptors: Science Curriculum, Secondary School Science, Middle School Students, Middle School Teachers
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Zangori, Laura; Pinnow, Rachel J. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) strives to shift science learning from the teacher as a single cognitive agent, to a classroom community in which participants are working together in directing the classroom's communal knowledge to figure out questions about how phenomena occur, and building, testing, and refining their ideas to…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Grade 1
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McBride, Eileen; Oswald, W. Wyatt; Beck, Lindsey A.; Vashlishan Murray, Amy – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Research in science education confirms the importance of self-efficacy in students' persistence and success in the sciences. The current study examined the role of science self-efficacy in nonspecialist, arts and communication-oriented students encountering science in a general education context. Participants (N = 275) completed a beginning- and…
Descriptors: Science Education, Self Efficacy, Scientific Literacy, General Education
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Nehring, Andreas – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Many models in the field of epistemic cognition conceptualize students' views as being on a continuum between the poles of naïve and informed views. Against this background, the aim of the present study was to find out whether views on the nature of scientific inquiry (NOSI views) should be conceptualized and quantitatively assessed in a more…
Descriptors: Measurement, Student Attitudes, Scientific Principles, Inquiry
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Andersen, Katja N. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Task orientation is currently a prominent concept under discussion in primary school didactics. It focuses on tasks along which pupils acquire competences on distinct levels of competence. The qualitative empirical study TAPSE (Textbook Analysis in Primary Science Education) pursues the question which conception of task orientation is present in…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Science Education, Textbooks, Textbook Content
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Marco-Bujosa, Lisa M.; McNeill, Katherine L.; Friedman, Audrey A. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Teacher attrition rates are high in urban schools, particularly for new science teachers. Little research has addressed how science teachers can be prepared to effectively bridge the divide between preparation and urban teaching. We utilized the theoretical frameworks of social justice, identity, and structure-agency to investigate this…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Science Teachers, Urban Teaching, Preservice Teacher Education
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Van Dusen, Ben; Nissen, Jayson – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
We investigated the intersectional nature of race/racism and gender/sexism in broad scale inequities in physics student learning using a critical quantitative intersectionality. To provide transparency and create a nuanced picture of learning, we problematized the measurement of equity by using two competing operationalizations of equity:…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Racial Bias, Gender Bias
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Wieselmann, Jeanna R.; Dare, Emily A.; Ring-Whalen, Elizabeth A.; Roehrig, Gillian H. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Gender equity issues remain a challenge in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, where women are highly underrepresented. As integrated STEM instruction becomes increasingly popular in elementary and middle school classrooms, it is important to consider whether the small group activities that are commonplace in STEM…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, STEM Education, Gender Bias, Disproportionate Representation
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Samon, Sigal; Levy, Sharona T. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
"Complex systems" is a general-purpose reasoning scheme, used in a wide range of disciplines to make sense of systems with many similar entities. In this paper, we examine the generality of this approach in learning chemistry. Students' reasoning in chemistry in terms of emergent complex systems is explored for two curricula: a normative…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Logical Thinking, Scientific Concepts
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Lapierre, Keith R.; Flynn, Alison B. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
In this study, we investigated how students organized their knowledge about organic chemistry reactions in a transformed curriculum, including their choices, abilities, and changes over time. This transformed curriculum focuses on interpreting the underlying mechanistic patterns of chemical reactions and emphasizes the principles of reactivity in…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, College Students, Science Process Skills, Task Analysis
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Cohen, Richard; Kelly, Angela M. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Community colleges serve a vital role in the education of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors in the United States, however, most research to date on STEM pipeline persistence from academia to the workforce has focused on four-year colleges, which limits understanding of the potential of two-year pathways in…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, STEM Education, Performance Factors, Academic Persistence
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Curry, Kevin W., Jr.; Spencer, Dan; Pesout, Ondra; Pigford, Kimberly – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Science writing, such as lab reports, allows students to form a meaningful understanding of scientific concepts. However, students often view scientific writing as unimportant and utilize surface level approaches when completing writing assignments. The current study implemented three experimental interventions (directly-communicated,…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Writing (Composition)
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Navy, Shannon L.; Nixon, Ryan S.; Luft, Julie A.; Jurkiewicz, Melissa A. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Although new teachers clearly need resources and support, little is known about the types of resources new science teachers' access during their early years of teaching. To increase knowledge of their needs, the study described in this article focused on the primary resources (i.e., human, material, and social) and secondary resources (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Educational Resources, Beginning Teachers
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Tytler, Russell; Prain, Vaughan; Aranda, George; Ferguson, Joseph; Gorur, Radhika – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Despite mixed results in research on student learning from drawing in science, there is growing interest in the potential for this visual mode, in tandem with other modes, to enact and enable student reasoning in this subject. Building on current research in this field, and using a micro-ethnographic approach informed by socio-semiotic…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Thinking Skills, Freehand Drawing, Science Instruction
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