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Emmons, Natalie; Lees, Kristin; Kelemen, Deborah – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
Misconceptions about adaptation by natural selection are widespread among adults and likely stem, in part, from cognitive biases and intuitive theories observable in early childhood. Current educational guidelines that recommend delaying comprehensive instruction on the topic of adaptation until adolescence, therefore, raise concerns because…
Descriptors: Young Children, Evolution, Kindergarten, Grade 2
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Sánchez Tapia, Ingrid; Krajcik, Joseph; Reiser, Brian – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
We propose a process of contextualization based on seven empirically derived contextualization principles, aiming to provide opportunities for Indigenous Mexican adolescents to learn science in a way that supports them in fulfilling their right to an education aligned with their own culture and values. The contextualization principles we…
Descriptors: Indigenous Populations, Adolescents, Science Instruction, Culturally Relevant Education
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You, Hye Sun; Marshall, Jill A.; Delgado, Cesar – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
Global carbon cycling describes the movement of carbon through atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere, and hydrosphere; it lies at the heart of climate change and sustainability. To understand the global carbon cycle, students will require "interdisciplinary knowledge." While standards documents in science education have long promoted…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Scientific Concepts, Climate, Sustainability
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Oppermann, Elisa; Brunner, Martin; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Anders, Yvonne – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
Young children, ages 5-6 years, develop first beliefs about science and themselves as science learners, and these beliefs are considered important precursors of children's future motivation to pursue science. Yet, due to a lack of adequate measures, little is known about young children's motivational beliefs about learning science. The present…
Descriptors: Young Children, Student Motivation, Beliefs, Science Education
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Falk, John H.; Pattison, Scott; Meier, David; Bibas, David; Livingston, Kathleen – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
This preliminary study examined the effect that five major sources of public science education--schools, science centers, broadcast media, print media, and the Internet--had on adults' science interest "values" and "cognitive predispositions." Over 3,000 adults were sampled in three U.S. metropolitan areas: Los Angeles,…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Teaching Centers, News Reporting, Broadcast Industry
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Bottia, Martha Cecilia; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Giersch, Jason; Stearns, Elizabeth; Moller, Stephanie – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
We analyze longitudinal data from students who spent their academic careers in North Carolina (NC) public secondary schools and attended NC public universities to investigate the importance of high school racial composition and opportunities to learn in secondary school for choosing a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) major.…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Secondary Education, Public Schools, Public Colleges
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Ünsal, Zeynep; Jakobson, Britt; Wickman, Per-Olof; Molander, Bengt-Olov – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
This article examines how emergent bilingual students used gestures in science class, and the consequences of students' gestures when their language repertoire limited their possibilities to express themselves. The study derived from observations in two science classes in Sweden. In the first class, 3rd grade students (9-10 years old) were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bilingual Students, Science Instruction, Nonverbal Communication
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Russ, Rosemary S. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
Although research and policy suggest science and mathematics teachers should attend to their student's thinking during instruction, our field has inadequately defined what that means in relation to our ultimate goals for the practice. Here I present a theoretical argument that, in making their definitions, researchers should leverage the ways…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Teacher Student Relationship, Mathematics Instruction
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Henderson, J. Bryan; McNeill, Katherine L.; González-Howard, María; Close, Kevin; Evans, Mat – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
At the 2015 "NARST: A Worldwide Organization for Improving Science Teaching and Learning Through Research" Annual International Conference, a group of scholars held an extended pre-conference workshop to discuss key challenges and future directions faced by argumentation researchers around the world. This wide-ranging group of…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Trends, Science Education, Persuasive Discourse
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Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
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Krepf, Matthias; Plöger, Wilfried; Scholl, Daniel; Seifert, Andreas – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
In the current debate on pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), the term is used to refer to the context-specific knowledge that teachers activate when reflecting on practice. Against the background of this debate, we conducted an empirical study and sought to answer the question of which knowledge experts and novices activated in assessing a…
Descriptors: Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Expertise, Novices, Science Education
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Schmidt, Jennifer A.; Rosenberg, Joshua M.; Beymer, Patrick N. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
Science education reform efforts in the Unites States call for a dramatic shift in the way students are expected to engage with scientific concepts, core ideas, and practices in the classroom. This new vision of science learning demands a more complex conceptual understanding of student engagement and research models that capture both the…
Descriptors: Science Education, Learner Engagement, Learning Activities, Multivariate Analysis
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Ong, Maria; Smith, Janet M.; Ko, Lily T. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
Counterspaces in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are often considered "safe spaces" at the margins for groups outside the mainstream of STEM education. The prevailing culture and structural manifestations in STEM have traditionally privileged norms of success that favor competitive, individualistic, and solitary…
Descriptors: Females, Minority Group Students, STEM Education, Higher Education
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Fredricks, Jennifer A.; Hofkens, Tara; Wang, Ming-Te; Mortenson, Elizabeth; Scott, Paul – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
This study uses a mixed method sequential exploratory design to examine motivational and contextual influences on boys' and girls' engagement in math and science, paying particular attention to similarities and differences in the patterns by gender. First, interviews were conducted with 38 middle and high school students who varied in their level…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Learner Engagement, Mathematics Education, Science Education
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Wilson-Lopez, Amy; Sias, Christina; Smithee, Allen; Hasbún, Indhira María – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2018
The purpose of this multiple case study was to identify the forms of science capital that six groups of adolescents mobilized toward the realization of their self-selected engineering projects during after-school meetings. Research participants were high school students who self-identified as Hispanic, Latina, or Latino; who had received English…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Adolescents, Engineering, Engineering Education
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