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Marco-Bujosa, Lisa M.; McNeill, Katherine L.; Friedman, Audrey A. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Teacher attrition rates are high in urban schools, particularly for new science teachers. Little research has addressed how science teachers can be prepared to effectively bridge the divide between preparation and urban teaching. We utilized the theoretical frameworks of social justice, identity, and structure-agency to investigate this…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Science Teachers, Urban Teaching, Preservice Teacher Education
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Van Dusen, Ben; Nissen, Jayson – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
We investigated the intersectional nature of race/racism and gender/sexism in broad scale inequities in physics student learning using a critical quantitative intersectionality. To provide transparency and create a nuanced picture of learning, we problematized the measurement of equity by using two competing operationalizations of equity:…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Physics, Racial Bias, Gender Bias
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Wieselmann, Jeanna R.; Dare, Emily A.; Ring-Whalen, Elizabeth A.; Roehrig, Gillian H. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Gender equity issues remain a challenge in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, where women are highly underrepresented. As integrated STEM instruction becomes increasingly popular in elementary and middle school classrooms, it is important to consider whether the small group activities that are commonplace in STEM…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, STEM Education, Gender Bias, Disproportionate Representation
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Samon, Sigal; Levy, Sharona T. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
"Complex systems" is a general-purpose reasoning scheme, used in a wide range of disciplines to make sense of systems with many similar entities. In this paper, we examine the generality of this approach in learning chemistry. Students' reasoning in chemistry in terms of emergent complex systems is explored for two curricula: a normative…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Logical Thinking, Scientific Concepts
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Lapierre, Keith R.; Flynn, Alison B. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
In this study, we investigated how students organized their knowledge about organic chemistry reactions in a transformed curriculum, including their choices, abilities, and changes over time. This transformed curriculum focuses on interpreting the underlying mechanistic patterns of chemical reactions and emphasizes the principles of reactivity in…
Descriptors: Organic Chemistry, College Students, Science Process Skills, Task Analysis
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Cohen, Richard; Kelly, Angela M. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Community colleges serve a vital role in the education of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors in the United States, however, most research to date on STEM pipeline persistence from academia to the workforce has focused on four-year colleges, which limits understanding of the potential of two-year pathways in…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, STEM Education, Performance Factors, Academic Persistence
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Curry, Kevin W., Jr.; Spencer, Dan; Pesout, Ondra; Pigford, Kimberly – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Science writing, such as lab reports, allows students to form a meaningful understanding of scientific concepts. However, students often view scientific writing as unimportant and utilize surface level approaches when completing writing assignments. The current study implemented three experimental interventions (directly-communicated,…
Descriptors: Biology, Science Instruction, Science Laboratories, Writing (Composition)
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Navy, Shannon L.; Nixon, Ryan S.; Luft, Julie A.; Jurkiewicz, Melissa A. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Although new teachers clearly need resources and support, little is known about the types of resources new science teachers' access during their early years of teaching. To increase knowledge of their needs, the study described in this article focused on the primary resources (i.e., human, material, and social) and secondary resources (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Educational Resources, Beginning Teachers
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Tytler, Russell; Prain, Vaughan; Aranda, George; Ferguson, Joseph; Gorur, Radhika – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Despite mixed results in research on student learning from drawing in science, there is growing interest in the potential for this visual mode, in tandem with other modes, to enact and enable student reasoning in this subject. Building on current research in this field, and using a micro-ethnographic approach informed by socio-semiotic…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Thinking Skills, Freehand Drawing, Science Instruction
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Brunner, Jeanne L.; Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
This study investigated the effect of including explicit nature of science (NOS) content in read-alouds of elementary science trade books on the teaching and learning of NOS. We focused on three aspects of NOS: the creative, the empirical, and the inferential NOS. The trade books were read aloud by teachers in three hierarchical levels: Level I…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction, Audio Equipment
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Adadan, Emine – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
This mixed-method study examined the influence of metacognitive awareness on the change in preservice chemistry teachers' understandings of gas behavior in the context of multirepresentational (MR) instruction. The goal was to describe the types of understanding of gas behavior held by a group of participants with high metacognitive awareness (MA)…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preservice Teachers, Science Teachers, Chemistry
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Haskel-Ittah, Michal; Duncan, Ravit Golan; Vázquez-Ben, Lucia; Yarden, Anat – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
Mechanisms are central in scientific explanations. However, developing mechanistic explanations is difficult for students especially in domains in which mechanisms involve abstract components and functions, such as genetics. One of the core components of genetic mechanisms are proteins and their functions. Students struggle to reason about the…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Secondary School Science, Genetics
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Lou, Anna J.; Jaeggi, Susanne M. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
There have been many practical obstacles for teachers to implement evidence-based educational technology, especially in STEM classrooms. By implementing learning principles related to Cognitive Load Theory, we developed an innovative Technology-Assisted Guided Learning (TAGL) approach and its web-based instructional tool, combining expertise from…
Descriptors: Prior Learning, Achievement Gap, Computer Assisted Instruction, Chemistry
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Visintainer, Tammie – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
The underrepresentation of high school students of color in advanced science courses and the need to increase racial diversity in science fields is well documented. The persistence of racial disparities in science suggests that factors influencing participation include and extend beyond those currently being explored. This study explores how high…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, High School Students, Minority Group Students, Ethnic Diversity
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Cunningham, Christine M.; Lachapelle, Cathy P.; Brennan, Robert T.; Kelly, Gregory J.; Tunis, Chris San Antonio; Gentry, Christine A. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2020
The Framework for K-12 Science Education and the Next Generation Science Standards propose that students learn core ideas and practices related to engineering as well as science. To do so, students will need high-quality curricular materials designed to meet these goals. We report an efficacy study of an elementary engineering curriculum,…
Descriptors: Engineering, Curriculum Design, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science
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