ERIC Number: EJ1206109
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
A Developmental Perspective on Processing Semantic Context: Preliminary Evidence from Sentential Auditory Word Repetition in School-Aged Children
Mahler, N. A.; Chenery, H. J.
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v48 n1 p81-105 Feb 2019
The current investigation examined the developmental changes involved in processing semantic context in auditorily presented sentences, as well as underlying attentional and suppression mechanisms. Thirty-nine typically developing school-aged children aged 6;0-14;0 years participated in the current cross-sectional sentential auditory word repetition study. Component processes involved in auditory word recognition were examined and their respective developmental trajectories systematically delineated. Experimental manipulations included semantic congruity (congruous, incongruous), sentence constraint (high, low), cloze probability (high, low), and processing mode. High sentence constraints elicited top-down pre-potency type effects, which resulted in active suppression of anticipated cloze words and longer naming latencies of perceived cloze words when violated with conflicting bottom-up information. In addition, developmental changes in component processes reflected underlying changes in attention, with evidence that suppression mechanisms remained relatively constant with age. Findings are interpreted in line with the Trace (McClelland and Elman in Cogn Psychol 18(1):1-86, 1986) model of auditory word recognition.
Descriptors: Semantics, Language Processing, Cloze Procedure, Auditory Perception, Word Recognition, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Case Studies, Naming, Attention, Age Differences, Developmental Stages
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A