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Key-DeLyria, Sarah E.; Bodner, Todd; Altmann, Lori J. P. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
Conventional opinion about using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) for examining sentence comprehension maintains that RSVP taxes working memory (WM), which probably affects sentence processing. However, most RSVP studies only infer the involvement of WM. Other cognitive resources, such as cognitive control or vocabulary may also impact…
Descriptors: Psycholinguistics, Sentences, Comprehension, Short Term Memory
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Shoghi Javan, Sara; Ghonsooly, Behzad – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
The complicated cognitive processes involved in natural (primary) bilingualism lead to significant cognitive development. Executive functions as a fundamental component of human cognition are deemed to be affected by language learning. To date, a large number of studies have investigated how natural (primary) bilingualism influences executive…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Language Processing, Bilingualism, Cognitive Development
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Jankowiak, Katarzyna; Korpal, Pawel – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Though previous research has shown a decreased sensitivity to emotionally-laden linguistic stimuli presented in the non-native (L2) compared to the native language (L1), studies conducted thus far have not examined how different modalities influence bilingual emotional language processing. The present experiment was therefore aimed at…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Bilingual Students, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Kwon, Youan; Lee, Changhwan; Tae, Jini; Lee, Yoonhyoung – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of phonological information on visual word recognition by using letter transposition effects. The Korean writing system gives a unique opportunity to investigate such phenomenon since the transposition of the beginning consonant (onset) and the end consonant (coda) of a certain syllable allows one…
Descriptors: Phonology, Korean, Diagnostic Tests, Phonemes
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Wu, Shiyu; Ma, Zheng – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
Previous research has indicated that, in viewing a visual word, the activated phonological representation in turn activates its homophone, causing semantic interference. Using this mechanism of phonological mediation, this study investigated native-language phonological interference in visual recognition of Chinese two-character compounds by early…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Chinese, Contrastive Linguistics, Native Language
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Imbir, Kamil K. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
The aim of this study was to examine whether the valence and origin of emotional words can alter perception of ambiguous objects in terms of warmth versus competence, fundamental dimensions of social cognition. 60 individuals were invited into the study focusing on the limits of intuition. They were asked to try to guess the meaning of Japanese…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Language Usage, Affective Behavior, Competence
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Aparicio, Xavier; Heidlmayr, Karin; Isel, Frédéric – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
The present behavioral study aimed to examine the impact of language control expertise on two domain-general control processes, i.e. active inhibition of competing representations and overcoming of inhibition. We compared how Simultaneous Interpreters (SI) and Highly Proficient Bilinguals--two groups assumed to differ in language control…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Inhibition, Language Proficiency, Executive Function
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Wang, Jin; Tang, Huijun; Deng, Yuan – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
The automaticity level and attention priority/strategy are two major theories that have attempted to explain the mechanism underlying the Stroop effect. Training is an effective way to manipulate the experience with the two dimensions (ink color and color word) in the Stroop task. In order to distinguish the above two factors (the automaticity or…
Descriptors: Attention, Color, Learning Processes, Models
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Kheirzadeh, Shiela; Pakzadian, Sarah Sadat – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
The present article is aimed to investigate whether there are any differences between youngsters and adults in their working and long-term memory functioning. The theory of Depth of Processing (Craik and Lockhart in "J Verbal Learning Verbal Behav" 11:671-684, 1972) discusses the varying degrees of strengths of memory traces as the…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Psycholinguistics, Semantics, Recall (Psychology)
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Brouwer, Susanne; Bradlow, Ann R. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
This study examined the temporal dynamics of spoken word recognition in noise and background speech. In two visual-world experiments, English participants listened to target words while looking at four pictures on the screen: a target (e.g. "candle"), an onset competitor (e.g. "candy"), a rhyme competitor (e.g.…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Word Recognition, Visual Stimuli, Task Analysis
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Kazemeini, Toktam; Fadardi, Javad Salehi – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
The study aimed to examine whether Kurdish-Persian early Bilingual university students (EBL) and Persian Monolingual university students (ML) differ on tasks of executive function (EF). Thirty male EBL and 30 male ML students from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad completed a Persian Stroop Color-Word task (SCWT), Backward Digit Span Test (BDST),…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Comparative Analysis, Bilingualism, Monolingualism
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Pae, Hye K.; Lee, Yong-Won – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2015
This study examined lexical processing in English by native speakers of Korean and Chinese, compared to that of native speakers of English, using normal, alternated, and inverse fonts. Sixty four adult students participated in a lexical decision task. The findings demonstrated similarities and differences in accuracy and latency among the three L1…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Language Processing, English (Second Language), Korean
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Vuksanovic, Jasmina; Bjekic, Jovana; Radivojevic, Natalija – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2015
A body of research shows that grammatical gender, although an arbitrary category, is viewed as the system with its own meaning. However, the question remains to what extent does grammatical gender influence shaping our notions about objects when both verbal and visual information are available. Two experiments were conducted. The results obtained…
Descriptors: Language Styles, Form Classes (Languages), Psycholinguistics, Grammar
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Mazerolle, Erin L.; Marchand, Yannick – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2015
Research into typing patterns has broad applications in both psycholinguistics and biometrics (i.e., improving security of computer access via each user's unique typing patterns). We present a new software package, TypingSuite, which can be used for presenting visual and auditory stimuli, collecting typing data, and summarizing and analyzing the…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Psycholinguistics, Visual Stimuli
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Cirelli, Laura K.; Dickinson, Joël; Poirier, Marie – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2015
Previous research has shown that explicit cues specific to the encoding process (endogenous) or characteristic of the stimuli themselves (exogenous) can be used to direct a reader's attentional resources towards either relational or item-specific information. By directing attention to relational information (and therefore away from item-specific…
Descriptors: Cues, Psycholinguistics, Language Processing, Memory
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