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Spit, Sybren; Rispens, Judith – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
Gifted children are described as very talented children who achieve more than their age mates in one or more domains (Steiner and Carr in Educ Psychol Rev 15(3):215-246, 2003). These children potentially share a cognitive advantage enabling them to excel in language, but also in other domains. In the present study we explored whether gifted…
Descriptors: Syntax, Gifted, Talent, Memory
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Deng, Taiping; Chen, Baoguo – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
The usage-based theory highlights the important role of linguistic input in language acquisition, and assumes that syntactic representations could be entrenched through usage or exposure. In the present study, we used the event-related potential technique to investigate the long-term effect of input training on second language (L2) syntactic…
Descriptors: Syntax, Linguistic Input, Second Language Learning, Language Processing
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Siriwittayakorn, Teeranoot – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
In typological literature, there has been disagreement as to whether there should be distinction between relative clauses (RCs) and nominal sentential complements (NSCs) in pro-drop languages such as Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Khmer and Thai. In pro-drop languages, nouns can be dropped when its reference can be retrieved from context. Therefore,…
Descriptors: Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Austro Asiatic Languages
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Kobayashi, Yuki; Sugioka, Yoko; Ito, Takane – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
An event-related potential experiment was conducted in order to investigate readers' response to violations in the hierarchical structure of functional categories in Japanese, an agglutinative language where functional heads like Negation (Neg) as well as Tense (Tns) are realized as suffixes. A left-lateralized negativity followed by a P600 was…
Descriptors: Japanese, Reader Response, Grammar, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Yano, Masataka; Suzuki, Yui; Koizumi, Masatoshi – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
The present study examined the locus responsible for the effect of emotional state on sentence processing in healthy native speakers of Japanese, using event-related brain potentials. The participants were induced into a happy, neutral, or sad mood and then subjected to electroencephalogram recording during which emotionally neutral sentences,…
Descriptors: Sentences, Language Processing, Japanese, Native Speakers
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Ke, Alan Hezao; Epstein, Samuel David; Lewis, Richard; Pires, Acrisio – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Which NP does "all" associate with in e.g. "The pandas, the children all saw"--the pandas, the children, or both? The intuition of adult Mandarin Chinese native speakers regarding the interpretation of the adverbial quantifier "dou" 'all' remains unclear and controversial, and various incommensurate theories of domain…
Descriptors: Adults, Mandarin Chinese, Native Speakers, Form Classes (Languages)
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Mendikoetxea, Amaya; Lozano, Cristóbal – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
This paper shows the need to triangulate different approaches in Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition (SLA) research to fully understand late bilinguals' interlanguage grammars. Methodologically, we show how experimental and corpus data can be (and should be) triangulated by reporting on a corpus study (Lozano and Mendikoetxea in…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Second Language Learning, Adults, Grammar
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Rafiee Fazel, Amirabbas; Latifi, Mehdi; Moini, M. Raouf – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
The variable success in learning a second language (L2) may be best explained by varying degrees of motivation. This study investigated whether individual differences in appraisal dimensions of motivation explained explicit and implicit syntactic knowledge. Participants learned three syntactic structures under implicit and explicit training…
Descriptors: Learning Motivation, Second Language Learning, Grammar, Foreign Countries
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Ceberio, Klara; Aduriz, Itziar; Díaz de Ilarraza, Arantza; Garcia-Azkoaga, Ines – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
In this paper we present the coreferential tagging of part of the EPEC Corpus of Basque. Although coreference is a pragmatic linguistic phenomenon highly dependent on the situational context, it shows some language-specific patterns that vary according to the features of each language. Due to the fact that Basque is not an Indo-European language,…
Descriptors: Languages, Pragmatics, Language Patterns, Grammar
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Gao, Na; Thornton, Rosalind; Zhou, Peng; Crain, Stephen – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
The present study used a Truth Value Judgment Task to investigate whether changes in sentence structure lead to corresponding changes in the assignment of scope relations by Mandarin-speaking children and adults. In one condition, participants were presented with ordinary negative sentences containing disjunction; this condition was designed to…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Adults, Children, Syntax
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Hu, Shenai; Guasti, Maria Teresa; Gavarró, Anna – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
There is a debate as to whether topic structures in Chinese involve A'-movement or result from base-generation of the topic in the left periphery. If Chinese topicalization was derived by movement, under the assumptions of Friedmann et al.'s Relativized Minimality (Lingua 119:67-88, 2009), we would expect children's comprehension of object…
Descriptors: Linguistic Theory, Mandarin Chinese, Grammar, Semantics
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Li, Rui; Zhang, Zhiyi; Ni, Chuanbin – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
It has long been considered that the Mandarin possessive reflexive "zijide" can be either locally bound or long distance bound, leading to ambiguity where it fails to exclusively refer back to either long distance binding NP or the local NP. In addition to syntactic factors such as the local versus long distance division, the present…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Form Classes (Languages), Ambiguity (Semantics), Syntax
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Simard, Daphnée; Labelle, Marie; Bergeron, Annie – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
Researchers working on "metasyntactic abilities" (i.e., the metalinguistic ability associated with syntax) face the problem of defining and measuring them. Metasyntactic abilities is a multifaceted concept, which encompasses various types of behaviours, from being able to intentionally manipulate syntactic structures to being able to…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Syntax, Classification, Task Analysis
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Sarker, Bijon K.; Baek, Seunghyun – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
The current study investigated the distinction of L2 (second language) English article choice sensitivity in fifty-three L1-Korean L2-English learners in semantic contexts. In the context of English as a foreign language, the participants were divided into two groups based on grammatical ability as determined by their performance on a cloze test.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Usage, Form Classes (Languages), Korean
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Cheng, Wei; Almor, Amit – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
This paper examines the effect of syntactic structures on referent predictability. Focusing on stimulus-experiencer (SE) verbs, we conducted two sentence-completion experiments in Chinese by contrasting SE verbs in three structures (active canonical, active "ba," and passive). The results showed that although verb semantics and discourse…
Descriptors: Syntax, Chinese, Language Research, Verbs
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