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Zhang, Haomin – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
The current study aimed to explore the effect of first language (L1) orthography on second language (L2) Chinese morphological awareness. One hundred and twenty-nine students (61 L1 English readers and 68 L1 Thai readers) who studied Chinese as a second language participated in this study. They completed four tasks of morphological awareness…
Descriptors: Native Language, Second Language Learning, Chinese, Morphology (Languages)
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Morita, Aiko; Saito, Satoru – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
The purpose of this study was to examine the role and nature of phonology in silent reading of Japanese sentences. An experiment was conducted using a Japanese sentence acceptability judgment task. One important finding was that participants more rapidly rejected homophonic sentences in which one two-kanji compound word was replaced by its…
Descriptors: Japanese, Sentences, Task Analysis, Decision Making
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Morett, Laura M. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
Prior research suggests that viewing still images and iconic gestures depicting concepts facilitates the learning of concrete words in the initial stages of second language (L2) acquisition. To date, however, the effect of viewing iconic gestures and images hasn't been systematically compared to the effect of glosses in the learning and retrieval…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Comparative Analysis
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Zhao, Xu; Berent, Iris – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Across languages, certain syllable types are systematically preferred to others (e.g., "blif" ? "bnif" ? "bdif" ? "lbif" where ? indicates a preference). Previous research has shown that these preferences are active in the brains of individual speakers, they are evident even when none of these syllable types…
Descriptors: Phonology, Syllables, Auditory Stimuli, Native Language
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Gelormini-Lezama, Carlos – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Anaphoric expressions such as repeated names, overt pronouns, and null pronouns serve a major role in the creation and maintenance of discourse coherence. The felicitous use of an anaphoric expression is highly dependent on the discourse salience of the entity introduced by the antecedent. Gordon et al. ("Cogn Sci" 17:311-347, 1993)…
Descriptors: Spanish, Form Classes (Languages), Language Processing, Language Universals
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Han, Jeong-Im; Oh, Sujin – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
This study examined two possible sources of asymmetrical lexical access: phonetic proximity to the nearest L1 category and orthographic information. Three groups of native Korean speakers learned Arabic non-words with sound pairs with/without an L1-dominant category (/l-r/ vs. /?-h/), and then their phonetic categorization and lexical encoding…
Descriptors: Psycholinguistics, Second Language Learning, Native Language, Korean
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Ding, Yi; Liu, Ru-De; McBride, Catherine A.; Fan, Chung-Hau; Xu, Le; Wang, Jia – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
This study examined pinyin (the official phonetic system that transcribes the lexical tones and pronunciation of Chinese characters) invented spelling and English invented spelling in 72 Mandarin-speaking 6th graders who learned English as their second language. The pinyin invented spelling task measured segmental-level awareness including…
Descriptors: Spelling, Phonetics, Intonation, Pronunciation
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Cummine, Jacqueline; Aalto, Daniel; Ostevik, Amberley; Cheema, Kulpreet; Hodgetts, William – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Reading is a complex process that includes the integration of information about letters (graphemes) and sounds (phonemes). In many circumstances, such as noisy environments, response inhibition is an additional factor that plays a marked role in successful oral reading. Response inhibition can take the form of task relevant inhibition (i.e., foils…
Descriptors: Naming, Reading Processes, Graphemes, Phonemes
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Kim, Hyunwoo – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
This study investigated whether Chinese--Korean bilinguals can use structure-based information to interpret Korean sentences containing floating numeral quantifiers during online processing. A numeral quantifier in Korean can be stranded from its modified noun through scrambling as long as the quantifier forms a constituent with the noun. For…
Descriptors: Chinese, Korean, Bilingualism, Language Processing
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Dirani, Julien; Dietrich, Arne – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Reading plays an essential role in our everyday lives. The aim of this study is to investigate how letters are represented in the brain using the unique characteristics of the Arabic language, which can be written with 2 different scripts. The hypothesis proposed is that the processing of script is sound based: Phonology is what determines letter…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Written Language, Semitic Languages, Reading Processes
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Felser, Claudia; Drummer, Janna-Deborah – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
We report the results from two experiments examining native and non-native German speakers' sensitivity to crossover constraints on pronoun resolution. Our critical stimuli sentences contained personal pronouns in either strong (SCO) or weak crossover (WCO) configurations. Using eye-movement monitoring during reading and a gender-mismatch…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Phrase Structure, Second Language Learning, Native Language
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Yamada, Toshiyuki; Arai, Manabu; Hirose, Yuki – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
The current study tackles a long standing question of whether comprehenders perform structural revision when it is not forced by grammar or not. Using an eye-tracking reading paradigm, we addressed this issue by making use of global structural ambiguity in Japanese. Our results show that comprehenders initially associate a relative clause with the…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Phrase Structure, Psycholinguistics, Grammar
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Juhasz, Barbara J.; Johnson, Rebecca L.; Brewer, Jennifer – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
New words enter the language through several word formation processes [see Simonini ("Engl J" 55:752-757, 1966)]. One such process, blending, occurs when two source words are combined to represent a new concept (e.g., SMOG, BRUNCH, BLOG, and INFOMERCIAL). While there have been examinations of the structure of blends [see Gries…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Eye Movements, Familiarity, Word Frequency
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Li, Tong; Wang, Ying; Tong, Xiuhong; McBride, Catherine – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
To investigate the relationship between Chinese children's character and word reading, 62 third and 50 fifth grade children in Hong Kong were asked to read single characters and words that were comprised of these characters. Results showed that words helped children to recognize characters for both grades of children. Compared to older children,…
Descriptors: Chinese, Reading Processes, Written Language, Orthographic Symbols
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Koornneef, Arnout; Mulders, Iris – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
In an eye-tracking experiment we examined the risky reading hypothesis, in which long saccades and many regressions are considered to be indicative of a proactive reading style (Rayner et al. in "Psychol Aging" 21(3):448, 2006; "Psychol Aging" 24(3):755, 2009). We did so by presenting short texts--that confirmed or disconfirmed…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Reading Processes, Risk, Profiles
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