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Vivas, Leticia; Manoiloff, Laura; García, Adolfo M.; Lizarralde, Francisco; Vivas, Jorge – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
The processes tapped by the widely-used word association (WA) paradigm remain a matter of debate: while some authors consider them as driven by lexical co-occurrences, others emphasize the role of meaning-based connections. To test these contrastive hypotheses, we analyzed responses in a WA task in terms of their normative defining features (those…
Descriptors: Semantics, Associative Learning, Psycholinguistics, Linguistic Theory
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Chen, Hui-Ching; Szendroi, Krista; Crain, Stephen; Höhle, Barbara – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
This study investigated whether Mandarin speakers interpret prosodic information as focus markers in a sentence-picture verification task. Previous production studies have shown that both Mandarin-speaking adults and Mandarin-speaking children mark focus by prosodic information (Ouyang and Kaiser in Lang Cogn Neurosc 30(1-2):57-72, 2014; Yang and…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Language Processing
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Cilibrasi, Luca; Stojanovik, Vesna; Riddell, Patricia; Saddy, Douglas – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
A number of studies in different languages have shown that speakers may be sensitive to the presence of inflectional morphology in the absence of verb meaning (Caramazza et al. in Cognition 28(3):297-332, 1988; Clahsen in Behav Brain Sci 22(06):991-1013, 1999; Post et al. in Cognition 109(1):1-17, 2008). In this study, sensitivity to inflectional…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Task Analysis, Morphology (Languages), Native Speakers
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Zhou, Peng; Ma, Weiyi – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
The present study investigated whether and how fast young children can use information encoded in morphological markers during real-time event representation. Using the visual world paradigm, we tested 35 adults, 34 5-year-olds and 33 3-year-olds. The results showed that the adults, the 5-year-olds and the 3-year-olds all exhibited eye gaze…
Descriptors: Young Children, Morphology (Languages), Adults, Eye Movements
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Lau, Kit-ling – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
This study used both quantitative and qualitative methods to explore the role of lower- and higher-level language skills in classical Chinese (CC) text comprehension. A CC word and sentence translation test, text comprehension test, and questionnaire were administered to 393 Secondary Four students; and 12 of these were randomly selected to…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Mixed Methods Research, Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills
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Dirani, Julien; Dietrich, Arne – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Reading plays an essential role in our everyday lives. The aim of this study is to investigate how letters are represented in the brain using the unique characteristics of the Arabic language, which can be written with 2 different scripts. The hypothesis proposed is that the processing of script is sound based: Phonology is what determines letter…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Written Language, Semitic Languages, Reading Processes
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Söderström, Pelle; Horne, Merle; Roll, Mikael – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
Results from the present event-related potentials (ERP) study show that tones on Swedish word stems can rapidly pre-activate upcoming suffixes, even when the word stem does not carry any lexical meaning. Results also show that listeners are able to rapidly restore suffixes which are replaced with a cough. Accuracy in restoring suffixes correlated…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Cues
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Li, Bin; Shao, Jing; Bao, Mingzhen – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
Tonal languages differ in how they use phonetic correlates, e.g. average pitch height and pitch direction, for tonal contrasts. Thus, native speakers of a tonal language may need to adjust their attention to familiar or unfamiliar phonetic cues when perceiving non-native tones. On the other hand, speakers of a non-tonal language may need to…
Descriptors: Intonation, Mandarin Chinese, Phonetics, Cues
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Kkese, E.; Petinou, K. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
This paper investigates the difficulties adult second language (L2) users of English encounter with plosive consonants in the L2. It presents the results of a task examining the acquisition of plosive voicing contrasts by college students with Cypriot Greek (CG) linguistic background. The task focused on the types of errors involving plosive…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Learning, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Chung, Wei-Lun; Jarmulowicz, Linda – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
For monolingual English-speaking children, judgment and production of stress in derived words, including words with phonologically neutral (e.g., -ness) and non-neutral suffixes (e.g., "-ity"), is important to both academic vocabulary growth and to word reading. For Mandarin-speaking adult English learners (AELs) the challenge of…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Native Speakers, Suprasegmentals, Second Language Learning
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Yip, Michael C. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
Two word-spotting experiments were conducted to examine the question of whether native Cantonese listeners are constrained by phonotactics information in spoken word recognition of Chinese words in speech. Because no legal consonant clusters occurred within an individual Chinese word, this kind of categorical phonotactics information of Chinese…
Descriptors: Sino Tibetan Languages, Native Speakers, Listening, Speech Communication
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Garraffa, Maria; Di Domenico, Alberto – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
Agreement is a covariation in morphological form that reflects relations between words. A series of experiments were carried out in Italian during production and comprehension where an element interferes with agreement. The likelihood of interference found in both modalities is related to the markedness of the intervener and to its grammatical…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Form Classes (Languages), Error Patterns, Morphology (Languages)
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Yang, Tangfeng – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
Cognitive linguists claim that verb-particle constructions are compositional and analyzable, and that the particles contribute to the overall meaning in the form of image schemas. This article examined this claim with a behavioral experiment, in which participants were asked to judge the sensibility of short sentences primed by image-schematic…
Descriptors: Grammar, Schemata (Cognition), Phrase Structure, Verbs
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Liu, Duo – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
The processing of morphological information during Chinese word memorization was investigated in the present study. Participants were asked to study words presented to them on a computer screen in the studying phase and then judge whether presented words were old or new in the test phase. In addition to parent words (i.e. the words studied in the…
Descriptors: Chinese, Morphology (Languages), Memorization, Morphemes
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Grama, Ileana C.; Kerkhoff, Annemarie; Wijnen, Frank – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
The ability to detect non-adjacent dependencies (i.e. between "a" and "b" in "aXb") in spoken input may support the acquisition of morpho-syntactic dependencies (e.g. "The princess 'is' kiss'ing' the frog"). Functional morphemes in morpho-syntactic dependencies are often marked by perceptual cues that render…
Descriptors: Role, Suprasegmentals, Intonation, Cues
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