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Morgan, Grant B.; Moore, Courtney A.; Floyd, Harlee S. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Although content validity--how well each item of an instrument represents the construct being measured--is foundational in the development of an instrument, statistical validity is also important to the decisions that are made based on the instrument. The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate how simulation studies can be used to assist…
Descriptors: Simulation, Decision Making, Test Construction, Validity
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Hintze, John M.; Wells, Craig S.; Marcotte, Amanda M.; Solomon, Benjamin G. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
This study examined the diagnostic accuracy associated with decision making as is typically conducted with curriculum-based measurement (CBM) approaches to progress monitoring. Using previously published estimates of the standard errors of estimate associated with CBM, 20,000 progress-monitoring data sets were simulated to model student reading…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Accuracy, Curriculum Based Assessment, Progress Monitoring
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Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, W. Pat; Stuebing, Karla K.; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
We investigated the classification accuracy of learning disability (LD) identification methods premised on the identification of an intraindividual pattern of processing strengths and weaknesses (PSW) method using multiple indicators for all latent constructs. Known LD status was derived from latent scores; values at the observed level identified…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Learning Disabilities, Classification, Identification
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Beaujean, A. Alexander – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Simulation studies use computer-generated data to examine questions of interest that have traditionally been used to study properties of statistics and estimating algorithms. With the recent advent of powerful processing capabilities in affordable computers along with readily usable software, it is now feasible to use a simulation study to aid in…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Computation, Learning Disabilities, Identification
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Christ, Theodore J.; Desjardins, Christopher David – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Curriculum-Based Measurement of Oral Reading (CBM-R) is often used to monitor student progress and guide educational decisions. Ordinary least squares regression (OLSR) is the most widely used method to estimate the slope, or rate of improvement (ROI), even though published research demonstrates OLSR's lack of validity and reliability, and…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Curriculum Based Assessment, Oral Reading, Least Squares Statistics
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Schneider, W. Joel; Roman, Zachary – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
We used data simulations to test whether composites consisting of cohesive subtest scores are more accurate than composites consisting of divergent subtest scores. We demonstrate that when multivariate normality holds, divergent and cohesive scores are equally accurate. Furthermore, excluding divergent scores results in biased estimates of…
Descriptors: Statistical Data, Simulation, Testing, Scores
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Miles, Sandra; Fulbrook, Paul; Mainwaring-Mägi, Debra – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Universal screening of very early school-age children (age 4-7 years) is important for early identification of learning problems that may require enhanced learning opportunity. In this context, use of standardized instruments is critical to obtain valid, reliable, and comparable assessment outcomes. A wide variety of standardized instruments is…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Screening Tests, Young Children, Usability
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Kennerley, Stephanie; Jaquiery, Ben; Hatch, Burt; Healey, Matthew; Wheeler, Benjamin J.; Healey, Dione – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
An attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis requires symptoms to be present across two or more settings, thus requiring information from multiple informants. Research consistently shows low to moderate agreement between parents and teachers; however, the mechanisms underlying these discrepancies remain unclear. This study examined…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Rating Scales, Correlation, Foreign Countries
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McGeown, Sarah; St. Clair-Thompson, Helen; Putwain, David W. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
The present study examined the validity of a newly developed instrument, the Mental Toughness Scale for Adolescents, which examines the attributes of challenge, commitment, confidence (abilities and interpersonal), and control (life and emotion). The six-factor model was supported using exploratory factor analysis (n = 373) and confirmatory factor…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Adolescents, Resilience (Psychology), Test Validity
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Ho, Esther Sui Chu; Sum, Kwok Wing – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
This study aims to construct and validate the Career and Educational Decision Self-Efficacy Inventory for Secondary Students (CEDSIS) by using a sample of 2,631 students in Hong Kong. Principal component analysis yielded a three-factor structure, which demonstrated good model fit in confirmatory factor analysis. High reliability was found for the…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Self Concept Measures, Test Construction, Test Validity
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Gong, Xiaopeng; Paulson, Sharon E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
The current study examined the factor structure of the Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale with an American college sample (n = 404, 322 females, 88.9% Whites). Data were collected through an online survey, and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to test several proposed factor models from previous studies. The results…
Descriptors: Emotional Intelligence, North Americans, Factor Structure, Online Surveys
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Quirk, Matthew; Dowdy, Erin; Dever, Bridget; Carnazzo, Katherine; Bolton, Courtney – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Researchers examined the concurrent and predictive validity of a brief (12-item) teacher-rated school readiness screener, the Kindergarten Student Entrance Profile (KSEP), using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis to examine associations between (N = 78) children's social-emotional (SE) and cognitive (COG) readiness with…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Educational Diagnosis, Screening Tests, Predictive Validity
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Jensen, Bryant; Whiting, Erin Feinauer; Chapman, Sara – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Claims abound in the research literature regarding multicultural teacher dispositions, including how to foster them in teacher preparation programs. However, measures of multicultural dispositions of teachers that (a) capture the range of conceptually rich constructs and (b) demonstrate strong psychometric properties are not represented in the…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Student Teacher Attitudes, Multicultural Education, Psychometrics
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Poliandri, Donatella; Sette, Stefania; Vinci, Emanuela; Romiti, Sara – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
The present study analyzed the factor validity of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS) to assess students' perceptions of mathematics classroom goal structures. Participants were N = 7,773 Italian students aged from 11 to 15 years (M = 11.97, SD = 0.50). The confirmatory factor analysis replicated a three-factor structure (i.e., mastery,…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Foreign Countries, Grade 6, Student Attitudes
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Algozzine, Bob; Morsbach Sweeney, Holly; Choi, Jeong Hoon; Horner, Rob; Sailor, Wayne; McCart, Amy B.; Satter, Allyson; Lane, Kathleen Lynne – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
U.S. public education systems are required to provide free appropriate public education to students with disabilities in least restrictive environments that are appropriate to meet their individual needs. The practice of educating students with disabilities in neighborhood schools in age-appropriate general education classrooms and other school…
Descriptors: Fidelity, Program Implementation, Disabilities, Inclusion
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