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Horner, Robert H.; Ward, Caryn S.; Fixsen, Dean L.; Sugai, George; McIntosh, Kent; Putnam, Robert; Little, Hannah D. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2019
We propose in this article that a central element in the large-scale implementation of evidence-based practices is the process by which initial investment in local demonstrations is leveraged into larger implementation efforts. We offer a definition of this "resource leveraging" and propose a process for both measuring and reporting the…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Educational Practices, Program Implementation, Investment
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Nese, Rhonda N. T.; Nese, Joseph F. T.; McIntosh, Kent; Mercer, Sterett H.; Kittelman, Angus – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2019
In this study, longitudinal data from 708 schools across five states in the continental United States were analyzed to measure the time between initial training and adequate implementation of Tier I Schoolwide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports over 5 years and the extent to which it varied by school characteristics. Results indicated…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Intervention, Institutional Characteristics, Suburban Schools
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Garbacz, S. Andrew; McIntosh, Kent; Vatland, Christopher H.; Minch, Devon R.; Eagle, John W. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2018
The purpose of this study was to identify and examine how schools implementing schoolwide positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) were engaging families in their Tier I PBIS systems. In addition, reported implementation of practices and the availability of resources were examined in relation to fidelity of PBIS implementation.…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Intervention, Family Involvement, Behavior Modification
McIntosh, Kent; Massar, Michelle M.; Algozzine, Robert F.; George, Heather Peshak; Horner, Robert H.; Lewis, Timothy J.; Swain-Bradway, Jessica – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2017
Full and durable implementation of school-based interventions is supported by regular evaluation of fidelity of implementation. Multiple assessments have been developed to evaluate the extent to which schools are applying the core features of school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS). The "SWPBIS Tiered Fidelity…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Fidelity, Program Implementation, Program Evaluation
Mercer, Sterett H.; McIntosh, Kent; Hoselton, Robert – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2017
Several reliable and valid fidelity surveys are commonly used to assess Tier 1 implementation in School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS); however, differences across surveys complicate consequential decisions regarding school implementation status when multiple measures are compared. To address this concern, the current…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Intervention, Comparative Analysis, Fidelity
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McIntosh, Kent; Kelm, Joanna L.; Canizal Delabra, Alondra – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2016
Research has shown principal support to be a critical variable for implementing and sustaining evidence-based practices. However, there remains little understanding of the factors that may influence a principal's personal decision to support a practice. The purpose of the current study was to examine events that influenced principals' support for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Principals, Educational Practices, Administrator Attitudes
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McIntosh, Kent; Mercer, Sterett H.; Nese, Rhonda N. T.; Strickland-Cohen, M. Kathleen; Hoselton, Robert – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2016
In this analysis of extant data from 3,011 schools implementing school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SWPBIS) across multiple years, we assessed the predictive power of various school characteristics and speed of initial implementation on sustained fidelity of implementation of SWPBIS at 1, 3, and 5 years. In addition, we…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Sustainability, Program Implementation, Positive Behavior Supports
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McIntosh, Kent; Predy, Larissa K.; Upreti, Gita; Hume, Amanda E.; Turri, Mary G.; Mathews, Susanna – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the perceived importance of specific contextual variables for initial implementation and sustainability of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS). A large, national sample of 257 school team members completed the "School-Wide Universal Behavior Sustainability Index: School Teams", a…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Educational Environment, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior
Mathews, Susanna; McIntosh, Kent; Frank, Jennifer L.; May, Seth L. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2014
The current study explored the extent to which a common measure of perceived implementation of critical features of Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) predicted fidelity of implementation 3 years later. Respondents included school personnel from 261 schools across the United States implementing PBIS. School teams completed the…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Behavior Modification, Predictor Variables, Fidelity
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McIntosh, Kent; Sadler, Carol; Brown, Jacqueline A. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2012
In this study, the authors explored the effect of prereading skills at the start of kindergarten and change in skills during kindergarten on response to Tier I (universal) Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support in Grade 5. A longitudinal data set of 473 students, including "Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills" measures at the…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Risk, Kindergarten, Grade 5
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McIntosh, Kent; MacKay, Leslie D.; Hume, Amanda E.; Doolittle, Jennifer; Vincent, Claudia G.; Horner, Robert H.; Ervin, Ruth A. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2011
Sustainability of effective practices in schools is a critical area for research in any domain. The purpose of this article is to describe and evaluate the validity and reliability of a recently developed research instrument designed to evaluate schools' capacity to sustain school-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) efforts at the universal…
Descriptors: Content Validity, Validity, Interrater Reliability, Psychometrics
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McIntosh, Kent; Flannery, K. Brigid; Sugai, George; Braun, Drew H.; Cochrane, Krysta L. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2008
Given the increased risk factors in the transition from middle school to high school, this study tracked academic and school discipline records for students receiving general and special education services as they transitioned from Grade 8 to Grade 9. The authors employed analysis of variance and structural equation modeling to determine the…
Descriptors: Discipline, Structural Equation Models, Academic Achievement, Risk
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McIntosh, Kent; Chard, David J.; Boland, Joseph B.; Horner, Robert H. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2006
This study provides descriptive data on the rates of office discipline referrals and beginning reading skills for students in grades K-3 for one school district that is implementing a three-tier prevention model for both reading and behavior support. Students in the district are provided a continuum of reading and/or behavioral support based on…
Descriptors: Discipline, Student Behavior, Information Systems, Referral