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Feng, Li; Sass, Tim R. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
We investigate the effects of a statewide program designed to increase the supply of teachers in designated "hard-to-staff" areas, such as special education, math, and science. Employing a difference-in-difference estimator we find that the loan forgiveness component of the program was effective, reducing mean attrition rates for middle…
Descriptors: Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Persistence, Incentives, State Programs
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Castleman, Benjamin L.; Long, Bridget Terry; Mabel, Zachary – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
Although workers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields earn above-average wages, the number of college graduates prepared for STEM jobs lags behind employer demand. A key question is how to recruit and retain college students in STEM majors. We offer new evidence on the role of financial aid in supporting STEM attainment.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Student Financial Aid, Grants, College Students
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Capacci, Sara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Shankar, Bhavani – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper estimates the effect of the 2005 vending machine ban in French secondary schools on nutrient intakes and on the frequency of morning snacking at school. Using data before and after the ban, and exploiting the discontinuity associated with the age-dependent exposure to the ban, we specify a difference-in-differences regression…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Schools, Nutrition, Eating Habits
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Gormley,, William T., Jr.; Phillips, Deborah; Anderson, Sara – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
As states have upgraded their commitment to pre-K education over the past two decades, questions have arisen. Critics argue that program effects are likely to fade out or disappear over time, while supporters contend that program effects are likely to persist under certain conditions. Using data from Tulsa Public Schools, three neighboring school…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Preschool Education, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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Cattaneo, Matias D.; Titiunik, Rocío; Vazquez-Bare, Gonzalo – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
The regression discontinuity (RD) design is a popular quasi-experimental design for causal inference and policy evaluation. The most common inference approaches in RD designs employ "flexible" parametric and nonparametric local polynomial methods, which rely on extrapolation and large-sample approximations of conditional expectations…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Young Children, Comparative Analysis, Inferences
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Howell, William G.; Magazinnik, Asya – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
With increasing frequency, U.S. presidents have orchestrated relations between federal and state governments. A defining feature of this "executive federalism" is a pragmatic willingness to both borrow from and reconstitute very different types of past federalisms. A case in point is President Barack Obama's Race to the Top (RttT)…
Descriptors: Presidents, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
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Gurantz, Oded; Hurwitz, Michael; Smith, Jonathan – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
Hispanic high school graduates have lower college completion rates than academically similar white students. As Hispanic students have been theorized to be more constrained in the college search and selection process, one potential policy lever is to increase the set of colleges to which these students apply and attend. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Enrollment, Graduation, Hispanic American Students, High Achievement
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Owens, Emily G. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
The School-to-Prison Pipeline is a social phenomenon where students become formally involved with the criminal justice system as a result of school policies that use law enforcement, rather than discipline, to address behavioral problems. A potentially important part of the School-to-Prison Pipeline is the use of sworn School Resource Officers…
Descriptors: School Policy, Law Enforcement, Correctional Institutions, Behavior Problems
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Chiang, Hanley S.; Clark, Melissa A.; McConnell, Sheena – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
Teach For America (TFA) is an important but controversial source of teachers for hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty U.S. schools. We present findings from the first large-scale experimental study of secondary math teachers from TFA. We find that TFA teachers are more effective than other math teachers in the same schools, increasing student…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Schools, Teacher Effectiveness, Secondary School Teachers, Mathematics Teachers
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Joyce, Ted; Remler, Dahlia K.; Jaeger, David A.; Altindag, Onur; O'Connell, Stephen D.; Crockett, Sean – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
Randomized experiments provide unbiased estimates of treatment effects, but are costly and time consuming. We demonstrate how a randomized experiment can be leveraged to measure selection bias by conducting a subsequent observational study that is identical in every way except that subjects choose their treatment--a quasi-doubly randomized…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Quasiexperimental Design, Selection Criteria, Selection Tools
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Herbst, Chris M. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
This paper assesses the impact of welfare reform's parental work requirements on low-income children's cognitive and social-emotional development. The identification strategy exploits an important feature of the work requirement rules--namely, age-of-youngest-child exemptions--as a source of quasi-experimental variation in first-year maternal…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Welfare Recipients, Low Income Groups, Cognitive Development
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Lichtman-Sadot, Shirlee; Bell, Neryvia Pillay – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
We evaluate changes in elementary school children health outcomes following the introduction of California's Paid Family Leave (PFL) program, which provided parents with paid time off following the birth of a child. Our health outcomes--overweight, ADHD, and hearing-related problems--are characterized by diagnosis rates that only pick up during…
Descriptors: Child Health, Elementary School Students, Leaves of Absence, Parents
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Papay, John P.; Kraft, Matthew A. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2016
We use matched employee-employer records from the teacher labor market to explore the effects of late teacher hiring on student achievement. Hiring teachers after the school year starts reduces student achievement by 0.042 SD in mathematics and 0.026 SD in reading. This reflects, in part, a temporary disruption effect in the first year. In…
Descriptors: Teacher Selection, Productivity, Costs, Efficiency
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Bettinger, Eric; Liu, Jing; Loeb, Susanna – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2016
Peers affect individual's productivity in the workforce, in education, and in other team-based tasks. Using large-scale language data from an online college course, we measure the impacts of peer interactions on student learning outcomes and persistence. In our setting, students are quasi-randomly assigned to peers, and as such, we are able to…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Peer Influence, Peer Relationship, Aptitude Treatment Interaction
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Foster, John M.; Fowles, Jacob – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2016
There is a substantial literature that assesses the effects of tax-exporting capacities on the tax structures and aggregate spending levels that state governments choose to implement, but no work exists that isolates the effects of state tax exporting on higher education spending. Using state-level data for 1989, 1995, 2002, and 2007, we estimate…
Descriptors: Taxes, State Aid, Higher Education, State Government
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