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Glewwe, Paul; West, Kristine L.; Lee, Jongwook – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
More than 20 percent of all school-aged children in the United States have vision problems, and low-income and minority children are disproportionately likely to have unmet vision care needs. Vision screening is common in U.S. schools, but it remains an open question whether screening alone is sufficient to improve student outcomes. We implemented…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Visual Impairments, Screening Tests
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Morrill, Melinda Sandler – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
Accurate diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is difficult because the major symptoms, inattentiveness and hyperactivity, can be exhibited by any child. This study finds evidence of systematic differences in diagnosis and treatment of ADHD due to third party financial incentives. In some states, due to the…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Children, Clinical Diagnosis, Disability Identification
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Feng, Li; Sass, Tim R. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
We investigate the effects of a statewide program designed to increase the supply of teachers in designated "hard-to-staff" areas, such as special education, math, and science. Employing a difference-in-difference estimator we find that the loan forgiveness component of the program was effective, reducing mean attrition rates for middle…
Descriptors: Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Persistence, Incentives, State Programs
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Castleman, Benjamin L.; Long, Bridget Terry; Mabel, Zachary – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
Although workers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields earn above-average wages, the number of college graduates prepared for STEM jobs lags behind employer demand. A key question is how to recruit and retain college students in STEM majors. We offer new evidence on the role of financial aid in supporting STEM attainment.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Student Financial Aid, Grants, College Students
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Capacci, Sara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Shankar, Bhavani – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper estimates the effect of the 2005 vending machine ban in French secondary schools on nutrient intakes and on the frequency of morning snacking at school. Using data before and after the ban, and exploiting the discontinuity associated with the age-dependent exposure to the ban, we specify a difference-in-differences regression…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Schools, Nutrition, Eating Habits
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Gormley,, William T., Jr.; Phillips, Deborah; Anderson, Sara – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
As states have upgraded their commitment to pre-K education over the past two decades, questions have arisen. Critics argue that program effects are likely to fade out or disappear over time, while supporters contend that program effects are likely to persist under certain conditions. Using data from Tulsa Public Schools, three neighboring school…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Preschool Education, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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Reardon, Sean F.; Baker, Rachel; Kasman, Matt; Klasik, Daniel; Townsend, Joseph B. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper investigates to what extent socioeconomic status (SES)-based affirmative action in college admissions can produce racial diversity. Using simulation models, we investigate the racial and socioeconomic distribution of students among colleges under the use of race- or SES-based affirmative action policies, or targeted, race-based…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Affirmative Action, Simulation, College Admission
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Buckles, Kasey S.; Hungerman, Daniel M. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
While the fertility effects of improving teenagers' access to contraception are theoretically ambiguous, most empirical work has shown that access decreases teen fertility. In this paper, we consider the fertility effects of access to condoms--a method of contraception not considered in prior work. We exploit variation across counties and across…
Descriptors: Contraception, Adolescents, Sexuality, Counties
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Cattaneo, Matias D.; Titiunik, Rocío; Vazquez-Bare, Gonzalo – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
The regression discontinuity (RD) design is a popular quasi-experimental design for causal inference and policy evaluation. The most common inference approaches in RD designs employ "flexible" parametric and nonparametric local polynomial methods, which rely on extrapolation and large-sample approximations of conditional expectations…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Young Children, Comparative Analysis, Inferences
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Howell, William G.; Magazinnik, Asya – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
With increasing frequency, U.S. presidents have orchestrated relations between federal and state governments. A defining feature of this "executive federalism" is a pragmatic willingness to both borrow from and reconstitute very different types of past federalisms. A case in point is President Barack Obama's Race to the Top (RttT)…
Descriptors: Presidents, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
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Gurantz, Oded; Hurwitz, Michael; Smith, Jonathan – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
Hispanic high school graduates have lower college completion rates than academically similar white students. As Hispanic students have been theorized to be more constrained in the college search and selection process, one potential policy lever is to increase the set of colleges to which these students apply and attend. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Enrollment, Graduation, Hispanic American Students, High Achievement
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Owens, Emily G. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
The School-to-Prison Pipeline is a social phenomenon where students become formally involved with the criminal justice system as a result of school policies that use law enforcement, rather than discipline, to address behavioral problems. A potentially important part of the School-to-Prison Pipeline is the use of sworn School Resource Officers…
Descriptors: School Policy, Law Enforcement, Correctional Institutions, Behavior Problems
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Chiang, Hanley S.; Clark, Melissa A.; McConnell, Sheena – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
Teach For America (TFA) is an important but controversial source of teachers for hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty U.S. schools. We present findings from the first large-scale experimental study of secondary math teachers from TFA. We find that TFA teachers are more effective than other math teachers in the same schools, increasing student…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Schools, Teacher Effectiveness, Secondary School Teachers, Mathematics Teachers
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Joyce, Ted; Remler, Dahlia K.; Jaeger, David A.; Altindag, Onur; O'Connell, Stephen D.; Crockett, Sean – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
Randomized experiments provide unbiased estimates of treatment effects, but are costly and time consuming. We demonstrate how a randomized experiment can be leveraged to measure selection bias by conducting a subsequent observational study that is identical in every way except that subjects choose their treatment--a quasi-doubly randomized…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Quasiexperimental Design, Selection Criteria, Selection Tools
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Herbst, Chris M. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
This paper assesses the impact of welfare reform's parental work requirements on low-income children's cognitive and social-emotional development. The identification strategy exploits an important feature of the work requirement rules--namely, age-of-youngest-child exemptions--as a source of quasi-experimental variation in first-year maternal…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Welfare Recipients, Low Income Groups, Cognitive Development
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