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Weisburst, Emily K. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2019
As police officers have become increasingly common in U.S. public schools, their role in school discipline has often expanded. While there is growing public debate about the consequences of police presence in schools, there is scant evidence of the impact of police on student discipline and academic outcomes. This paper provides the first…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Police, Discipline, Outcomes of Education
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Meyer, Katharine; Rosinger, Kelly Ochs – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2019
Amidst growing public concern in the United States over college access and affordability, federal policymakers have implemented many low-cost, behaviorally-informed strategies aimed at simplifying the college-going process and reducing informational barriers. Our paper reviews recent U.S. federal policies and interventions that draw on insights…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Educational Policy, Behavioral Sciences, Intervention
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Oreopoulos, Philip; Ford, Reuben – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2019
Recent research suggests that the college application process itself prevents access. This paper reports results from a school-based experiment in which application assistance is incorporated into the high school curriculum for all graduating seniors at low-transition schools. Over three workshops, students were guided to pick programs of interest…
Descriptors: College Applicants, Barriers, High School Seniors, Workshops
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Glewwe, Paul; West, Kristine L.; Lee, Jongwook – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
More than 20 percent of all school-aged children in the United States have vision problems, and low-income and minority children are disproportionately likely to have unmet vision care needs. Vision screening is common in U.S. schools, but it remains an open question whether screening alone is sufficient to improve student outcomes. We implemented…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Comparative Analysis, Visual Impairments, Screening Tests
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Morrill, Melinda Sandler – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
Accurate diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is difficult because the major symptoms, inattentiveness and hyperactivity, can be exhibited by any child. This study finds evidence of systematic differences in diagnosis and treatment of ADHD due to third party financial incentives. In some states, due to the…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Children, Clinical Diagnosis, Disability Identification
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Reardon, Sean F.; Baker, Rachel; Kasman, Matt; Klasik, Daniel; Townsend, Joseph B. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper investigates to what extent socioeconomic status (SES)-based affirmative action in college admissions can produce racial diversity. Using simulation models, we investigate the racial and socioeconomic distribution of students among colleges under the use of race- or SES-based affirmative action policies, or targeted, race-based…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Affirmative Action, Simulation, College Admission
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Buckles, Kasey S.; Hungerman, Daniel M. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
While the fertility effects of improving teenagers' access to contraception are theoretically ambiguous, most empirical work has shown that access decreases teen fertility. In this paper, we consider the fertility effects of access to condoms--a method of contraception not considered in prior work. We exploit variation across counties and across…
Descriptors: Contraception, Adolescents, Sexuality, Counties
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Strunk, Katharine O.; Goldhaber, Dan; Knight, David S.; Brown, Nate – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
Few studies examine employee responses to layoff-induced unemployment risk; none that we know of quantify the impact of job insecurity on individual employee productivity. Using data from the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) and Washington State during the Great Recession, we provide the first evidence about the impact of the layoff…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Job Layoff, Teacher Dismissal, Unemployment
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Waddington, R. Joseph; Berends, Mark – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper examines the impact of the Indiana Choice Scholarship Program on student achievement for low-income students in upper elementary and middle school who used a voucher to transfer from public to private schools during the first four years of the program. We analyzed student-level longitudinal data from public and private schools taking…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Educational Vouchers
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Feng, Li; Sass, Tim R. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
We investigate the effects of a statewide program designed to increase the supply of teachers in designated "hard-to-staff" areas, such as special education, math, and science. Employing a difference-in-difference estimator we find that the loan forgiveness component of the program was effective, reducing mean attrition rates for middle…
Descriptors: Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Persistence, Incentives, State Programs
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Castleman, Benjamin L.; Long, Bridget Terry; Mabel, Zachary – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
Although workers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields earn above-average wages, the number of college graduates prepared for STEM jobs lags behind employer demand. A key question is how to recruit and retain college students in STEM majors. We offer new evidence on the role of financial aid in supporting STEM attainment.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Student Financial Aid, Grants, College Students
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Capacci, Sara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Shankar, Bhavani – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper estimates the effect of the 2005 vending machine ban in French secondary schools on nutrient intakes and on the frequency of morning snacking at school. Using data before and after the ban, and exploiting the discontinuity associated with the age-dependent exposure to the ban, we specify a difference-in-differences regression…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Schools, Nutrition, Eating Habits
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Gormley,, William T., Jr.; Phillips, Deborah; Anderson, Sara – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
As states have upgraded their commitment to pre-K education over the past two decades, questions have arisen. Critics argue that program effects are likely to fade out or disappear over time, while supporters contend that program effects are likely to persist under certain conditions. Using data from Tulsa Public Schools, three neighboring school…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Preschool Education, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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Cattaneo, Matias D.; Titiunik, Rocío; Vazquez-Bare, Gonzalo – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
The regression discontinuity (RD) design is a popular quasi-experimental design for causal inference and policy evaluation. The most common inference approaches in RD designs employ "flexible" parametric and nonparametric local polynomial methods, which rely on extrapolation and large-sample approximations of conditional expectations…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Young Children, Comparative Analysis, Inferences
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Howell, William G.; Magazinnik, Asya – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2017
With increasing frequency, U.S. presidents have orchestrated relations between federal and state governments. A defining feature of this "executive federalism" is a pragmatic willingness to both borrow from and reconstitute very different types of past federalisms. A case in point is President Barack Obama's Race to the Top (RttT)…
Descriptors: Presidents, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Educational Legislation
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