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Xu, Di; Ran, Florence Xiaotao – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2021
Based on a novel data set that links college administrative information with earnings records from a state college system for both public two-year and four-year colleges, this study quantifies the impacts of exposure to different types of instructors during students' initial semester in college on their subsequent academic and labor market…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Adjunct Faculty, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence
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Rim, Nayoung – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2021
This paper examines whether Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which banned sex discrimination in admissions, was successful in reducing gender disparity in graduate education. Using school-level survey data and a national survey of college degree-holders, I find that female enrollment at graduate schools increased by an average of 18.7…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
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Unlu, Fatih; Lauen, Douglas Lee; Fuller, Sarah Crittenden; Berglund, Tiffany; Estrera, Elc – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2021
Do quasi-experimental (QE) studies conducted with baseline covariates that are typically available in the longitudinal administrative state databases yield unbiased effect estimates? This paper conducts a within-study comparison (WSC) study that compares experimental impacts of early college high school (ECHS) attendance with QE impacts drawn from…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Longitudinal Studies, Databases, Statistical Bias
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Gurantz, Oded; Howell, Jessica; Hurwitz, Michael; Larson, Cassandra; Pender, Matea; White, Brooke – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2021
Prior research finds that low-income students are less likely to apply to and enroll in four-year colleges or more selective colleges, even after controlling for academic preparation and other background characteristics. The College Board sought to reduce barriers in the college application process through a targeted campaign of brochures and…
Descriptors: College Applicants, Selective Admission, College Admission, Low Income Students
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Hopkins, Bryant Gregory; Stiefel, Leanna – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2021
In the 40-plus years since the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act," special education has grown in the number of students and amount spent on services. Despite this growth, academic performance of students with disabilities remains troublingly low compared to general education students. To some extent, these differences reflect…
Descriptors: Special Education, Academic Achievement, Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities
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Kraft, Matthew A.; Papay, John P.; Chi, Olivia L. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
We examine the dynamic nature of teacher skill development using panel data on principals' subjective performance ratings of teachers. Past research on teacher productivity improvement has focused primarily on one important but narrow measure of performance: teachers' value-added to student achievement on standardized tests. Unlike value-added,…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Teacher Evaluation, Principals, Job Performance
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Rothbart, Michah W. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This paper investigates the impact of extending free school lunch to all students, regardless of income, on academic performance in New York City middle schools. Using a difference-in-differences design and unique longitudinal, student-level data, we derive credibly causal estimates of the impacts of "Universal Free Meals" (UFM) on test…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Program Effectiveness, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Linos, Elizabeth; Quan, Lisa T.; Kirkman, Elspeth – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
In the past decade, public sector organizations around the world have worked to simplify administrative processes as a way to improve user experience and compliance. Academic evidence on administrative burden supports this approach and there is a strong body of research showing that learning costs, compliance costs, and psychological costs help to…
Descriptors: Governance, Costs, Compliance (Legal), Housing
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Faulk, Lewis; Pandey, Sheela; Pandey, Sanjay K.; Scott Kennedy, Kristen – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This study uses an online survey experiment to test whether the pairing of profit-seeking with mission-related programs in the social sector attracts or deters donations from individual donors. We test individuals' response to three types of profit incentives allowed under current U.S. public policy: (1) non-distributed profit to an organization,…
Descriptors: Donors, Theories, Cost Effectiveness, Incentives
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Kennedy, Kendall J. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
Since 1988, 27 states have introduced No Pass, No Drive laws, which tie a teenager's ability to receive and maintain a driver's license to various school-related outcomes--most commonly, enrollment and attendance. Enrollment-Based No Pass, No Drive policies, in 21 states, target both enrollment and attendance, and have negligible effects on…
Descriptors: Driver Education, Adolescents, Graduation Rate, Academic Persistence
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Horn, Keren Mertens; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Cordes, Sarah A. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
The Housing Choice Voucher program is currently the largest federally funded housing assistance program. Although the program aims to provide housing assistance, it also could affect children's educational outcomes by stabilizing their families, enabling them to move to better homes, neighborhoods, and schools, and increasing their disposable…
Descriptors: Housing, Federal Programs, Public Housing, Urban Schools
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Golsteyn, Bart H. H.; Jansen, Maria W. J.; Kann, Dave H. H.; Verhagen, Annelore M. C. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This paper investigates whether encouraging children to become more physically active in their everyday life affects their primary school performance. We use data from a field quasi-experiment called the Active Living Program, which aimed to increase active modes of transportation to school and active play among 8- to 12-year-olds living in low…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Elementary School Students, Transportation, Play
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Gurantz, Oded – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This paper examines the Oregon Promise, a state-level program that exclusively subsidizes in-state community college attendance. I estimate impacts using a difference-in-difference design that links students in states with essentially universal 10th-grade PSAT coverage to national-level postsecondary enrollment data. I find that the implementation…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Access to Education, Two Year College Students, Grade 10
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Bifulco, Robert; Schwegman, David J. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
We estimate the effects of accountability-driven school closure in New York City on students who attended middle schools that were closed at the time of closure and students who would have likely attended a closed middle school had it remained open. We find that students who would have entered the closed school had it not closed attended schools…
Descriptors: Accountability, School Closing, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Marchand, Joseph; Weber, Jeremy G. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
Whether improved local economic conditions lead to better student outcomes is theoretically ambiguous and will depend on how schools use additional revenues and how students and teachers respond to rising private sector wages. The Texas boom in shale oil and gas drilling, with its large and localized effects on wages and the tax base, provides a…
Descriptors: Economic Impact, Fuels, Natural Resources, School Districts
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