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Linos, Elizabeth; Quan, Lisa T.; Kirkman, Elspeth – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
In the past decade, public sector organizations around the world have worked to simplify administrative processes as a way to improve user experience and compliance. Academic evidence on administrative burden supports this approach and there is a strong body of research showing that learning costs, compliance costs, and psychological costs help to…
Descriptors: Governance, Costs, Compliance (Legal), Housing
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Faulk, Lewis; Pandey, Sheela; Pandey, Sanjay K.; Scott Kennedy, Kristen – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This study uses an online survey experiment to test whether the pairing of profit-seeking with mission-related programs in the social sector attracts or deters donations from individual donors. We test individuals' response to three types of profit incentives allowed under current U.S. public policy: (1) non-distributed profit to an organization,…
Descriptors: Donors, Theories, Cost Effectiveness, Incentives
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Kennedy, Kendall J. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
Since 1988, 27 states have introduced No Pass, No Drive laws, which tie a teenager's ability to receive and maintain a driver's license to various school-related outcomes--most commonly, enrollment and attendance. Enrollment-Based No Pass, No Drive policies, in 21 states, target both enrollment and attendance, and have negligible effects on…
Descriptors: Driver Education, Adolescents, Graduation Rate, Academic Persistence
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Horn, Keren Mertens; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Cordes, Sarah A. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
The Housing Choice Voucher program is currently the largest federally funded housing assistance program. Although the program aims to provide housing assistance, it also could affect children's educational outcomes by stabilizing their families, enabling them to move to better homes, neighborhoods, and schools, and increasing their disposable…
Descriptors: Housing, Federal Programs, Public Housing, Urban Schools
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Hyman, Joshua – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
I conduct a statewide experiment in Michigan with nearly 50,000 high-achieving high school seniors. Treated students are mailed a letter encouraging them to consider college and providing them with the web address of a college information website. I find that very high-achieving, low-income students, and very high-achieving, minority students are…
Descriptors: High School Seniors, High Achievement, Information Dissemination, Low Income Students
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Golsteyn, Bart H. H.; Jansen, Maria W. J.; Kann, Dave H. H.; Verhagen, Annelore M. C. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This paper investigates whether encouraging children to become more physically active in their everyday life affects their primary school performance. We use data from a field quasi-experiment called the Active Living Program, which aimed to increase active modes of transportation to school and active play among 8- to 12-year-olds living in low…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Elementary School Students, Transportation, Play
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Gurantz, Oded – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This paper examines the Oregon Promise, a state-level program that exclusively subsidizes in-state community college attendance. I estimate impacts using a difference-in-difference design that links students in states with essentially universal 10th-grade PSAT coverage to national-level postsecondary enrollment data. I find that the implementation…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Access to Education, Two Year College Students, Grade 10
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Bifulco, Robert; Schwegman, David J. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
We estimate the effects of accountability-driven school closure in New York City on students who attended middle schools that were closed at the time of closure and students who would have likely attended a closed middle school had it remained open. We find that students who would have entered the closed school had it not closed attended schools…
Descriptors: Accountability, School Closing, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Marchand, Joseph; Weber, Jeremy G. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
Whether improved local economic conditions lead to better student outcomes is theoretically ambiguous and will depend on how schools use additional revenues and how students and teachers respond to rising private sector wages. The Texas boom in shale oil and gas drilling, with its large and localized effects on wages and the tax base, provides a…
Descriptors: Economic Impact, Fuels, Natural Resources, School Districts
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Kraft, Matthew A.; Papay, John P.; Chi, Olivia L. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
We examine the dynamic nature of teacher skill development using panel data on principals' subjective performance ratings of teachers. Past research on teacher productivity improvement has focused primarily on one important but narrow measure of performance: teachers' value-added to student achievement on standardized tests. Unlike value-added,…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Teacher Evaluation, Principals, Job Performance
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Rothbart, Michah W. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
This paper investigates the impact of extending free school lunch to all students, regardless of income, on academic performance in New York City middle schools. Using a difference-in-differences design and unique longitudinal, student-level data, we derive credibly causal estimates of the impacts of "Universal Free Meals" (UFM) on test…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Program Effectiveness, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Hemelt, Steven W.; Schwartz, Nathaniel L.; Dynarski, Susan M. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
Dual-credit courses expose high school students to college-level content and provide the opportunity to earn college credits, in part to smooth the transition to college. With the Tennessee Department of Education, we conduct the first randomized controlled trial of the effects of dual-credit math coursework on a range of high school and college…
Descriptors: Dual Enrollment, College Credits, High School Students, State Departments of Education
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Anderson, Drew M.; Broton, Katharine M.; Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Kelchen, Robert – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
We conduct the first long-term experimental evaluation of a need-based financial aid program, the privately funded Wisconsin Scholars Grant. Over multiple cohorts, the program failed to increase degree completion and graduate school enrollment up to 10 years after matriculation. The program did reduce time-to-degree for some students and modestly…
Descriptors: Grants, Student Financial Aid, Program Evaluation, Graduate Study
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Bloom, Howard S.; Unterman, Rebecca; Zhu, Pei; Reardon, Sean F. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
The present paper uses a rich dataset based on naturally-occurring lotteries for 68 new small non-selective high schools in New York City, which we refer to as small schools of choice (SSCs), to address two related questions: (1) What high school features are promising levers for increasing graduation rates for disadvantaged students? and (2) What…
Descriptors: Small Schools, High Schools, School Choice, Graduation Rate
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McEachin, Andrew; Domina, Thurston; Penner, Andrew – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2020
How should schools assign students to more rigorous math courses so as best to help their academic outcomes? We identify several hundred California middle schools that used 7th-grade test scores to place students into 8th-grade algebra courses and use a regression discontinuity design to estimate average impacts and heterogeneity across schools.…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Middle School Mathematics, Mathematics Tests, Scores
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