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ERIC Number: EJ1112346
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Video Captions for Online Courses: Do YouTube's Auto-Generated Captions Meet Deaf Students' Needs?
Parton, Becky Sue
Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, v20 n1 p8-18 2016
Providing captions for videos used in online courses is an area of interest for institutions of higher education. There are legal and ethical ramifications as well as time constraints to consider. Captioning tools are available, but some universities rely on the auto-generated YouTube captions. This study looked at a particular type of video--the weekly informal news update created by individual professors for their online classes--to see if automatic captions (also known as subtitles) are sufficiently accurate to meet the needs of deaf students. A total of 68 minutes of video captions were analysed and 525 phrase-level errors were found. On average, therefore, there were 7.7 phrase errors per minute. Findings indicate that auto-generated captions are too inaccurate to be used exclusively. Additional studies are needed to determine whether they can provide a starting point for a process of captioning that reduces the preparation time.
Descriptors: Video Technology, Layout (Publications), Visual Aids, Electronic Publishing, Web Sites, Online Courses, Deafness, Deaf Interpreting, Student Needs, College Students, Accuracy, Content Analysis, Error Analysis (Language), Error Patterns, Phrase Structure, Automation, Higher Education, Teacher Developed Materials, Reliability, Translation, Access to Education, Oral Language
DEANZ: New Zealand Association for Open, Flexible and Distance Learning. Open Polytechnic, 3 Cleary Street Private Bag 31914, Lower Hutt 5040, New Zealand. Tel: +64-3-345-8246; Web site: http://journals.akoaotearoa.ac.nz/index.php/JOFDL
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A