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Jiang, Yan; Dewaele, Jean-Marc – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2019
This paper examined language anxiety (LA) in Chinese dialects and Putonghua among college students in mainland China and explored the links between their LA in the first language and a range of sociobiographical variables (i.e. gender and geographical background) as well as linguistic variables (i.e. mother tongue, age of onset of acquisition,…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Dialects, Anxiety, Communication (Thought Transfer)
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Feng, Anwei; Adamson, Bob – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2018
In mainland China, most ethnic minority students today face the challenge of learning three languages in schools, namely, their home language (L1), Mandarin Chinese (L2) and a foreign language, usually English (L3). Research into trilingual education for minority groups has been most active since the turn of the twenty-first century. This paper…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Language Planning, Foreign Countries, Multilingualism
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Lee, Jang Ho – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2018
The present study was designed to examine the effects of short-term study abroad (SA) on learners' L2 anxiety, international posture, and L2 willingness to communicate (WTC). To this end, the SA experience of 69 L2 learners in four different SA programmes was investigated. The data were obtained from participant questionnaires, which were…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Outcomes of Education, Second Language Learning, Anxiety
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Shang, Guowen; Zhao, Shouhui – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2017
The selection of standards and norms constitutes the first and most important step for language standardisation. In this paper, we examine the standard establishment for Huayu (or Singapore Mandarin), a new Chinese variety that has emerged in Singapore as a result of centralised planning and inter-linguistic contact. Huayu is the officially…
Descriptors: Language Variation, Foreign Countries, Language Planning, Mandarin Chinese
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Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2016
Informed by family language policy (FLP) as the theoretical framework, I illustrate in this paper how language ideologies can be incongruous and language policies can be conflicting through three multilingual families in Singapore representing three major ethnic groups--Chinese, Malay and Indian. By studying their family language audits, observing…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Multilingualism, Family Relationship, Ethnic Groups
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Yan, Edith M. Y.; Fung, Irene Y. Y.; Liu, Lili; Huang, Xiaoyan – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2016
This quantitative study investigated the extent and contexts of target language (TL) use in English language classrooms. Participants were 2,906 students from seven secondary schools and four universities in the more developed cities in southern China. They were put into five groups according to their educational stage and whether their content…
Descriptors: Surveys, Language Usage, Statistical Analysis, English (Second Language)
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Shum, Mark S. K.; Gao, Fang; Tsung, Linda; Ki, Wing-Wah – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2011
This paper offers insights into an under-researched area of Chinese language learning among Hong Kong's less affluent South Asians, a group whose members have often been stereotyped as unable to function in the Chinese medium instruction (CMI) teaching system. Data were collected from a survey of approximately 300 South Asian secondary school…
Descriptors: Asians, Parent Participation, Interviews, Parent School Relationship