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Feng, Anwei; Adamson, Bob – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2018
In mainland China, most ethnic minority students today face the challenge of learning three languages in schools, namely, their home language (L1), Mandarin Chinese (L2) and a foreign language, usually English (L3). Research into trilingual education for minority groups has been most active since the turn of the twenty-first century. This paper…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Language Planning, Foreign Countries, Multilingualism
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Curdt-Christiansen, Xiao Lan – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2016
Informed by family language policy (FLP) as the theoretical framework, I illustrate in this paper how language ideologies can be incongruous and language policies can be conflicting through three multilingual families in Singapore representing three major ethnic groups--Chinese, Malay and Indian. By studying their family language audits, observing…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Multilingualism, Family Relationship, Ethnic Groups
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Yan, Edith M. Y.; Fung, Irene Y. Y.; Liu, Lili; Huang, Xiaoyan – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2016
This quantitative study investigated the extent and contexts of target language (TL) use in English language classrooms. Participants were 2,906 students from seven secondary schools and four universities in the more developed cities in southern China. They were put into five groups according to their educational stage and whether their content…
Descriptors: Surveys, Language Usage, Statistical Analysis, English (Second Language)
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Shum, Mark S. K.; Gao, Fang; Tsung, Linda; Ki, Wing-Wah – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2011
This paper offers insights into an under-researched area of Chinese language learning among Hong Kong's less affluent South Asians, a group whose members have often been stereotyped as unable to function in the Chinese medium instruction (CMI) teaching system. Data were collected from a survey of approximately 300 South Asian secondary school…
Descriptors: Asians, Parent Participation, Interviews, Parent School Relationship
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Tse, Shek-kam; Lam, Joseph Wai-ip; Loh, Elizabeth Ka-yee; Lam, Raymond Yu-hong – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2007
This study examines how the language used at home, Putonghua or Cantonese, has influenced the Chinese reading attainment of 4335 primary school students in Hong Kong. Also examined was the influence of the birthplace and home background socioeconomic status (SES) of the reader. Although the indigenous Hong Kong population uses Cantonese, a dialect…
Descriptors: Educational Planning, Elementary School Students, Oral Language, Foreign Countries
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Kwo, Ora W. Y. – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1989
Explores the arguments surrounding the debate over the language of instruction in Hong Kong schools, and examines their practical implications. The rationale for stronger emphasis on Putonghua in the school system is discussed in detail, and the main options available to policymakers at both the institutional and territory-wide levels are…
Descriptors: Chinese, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Language of Instruction