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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Yin, Bo; Baldauf, Richard B., Jr. – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1990
Describes the situation of minority languages and Chinese dialects, discusses and analyzes language planning and language reform of spoken Chinese, summarizes language achievements made through China's educational system, and discusses the problems that remain for spoken language reform in China. (25 references) (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Chinese, Dialects, Foreign Countries, Language Maintenance
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Kwo, Ora W. Y. – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1989
Explores the arguments surrounding the debate over the language of instruction in Hong Kong schools, and examines their practical implications. The rationale for stronger emphasis on Putonghua in the school system is discussed in detail, and the main options available to policymakers at both the institutional and territory-wide levels are…
Descriptors: Chinese, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Language of Instruction
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Talib, Ismail S. – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1994
Increased use of English in Singapore, a multiracial, multilingual country, especially its use for cultural purposes, has met with some controversy. This article traces the historical development of Singaporean literature in English and the sociocultural and political problems such literature faces in a country where the official languages and…
Descriptors: Creative Writing, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Cultural Pluralism