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Martin, Jennifer M.; Altarriba, Jeanette; Kazanas, Stephanie A. – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2020
Linguistic research on bilinguals has sometimes focused on either first vs. second acquired language or dominant vs. non-dominant language despite situations in which the dominant and first language are no longer the same. Many bilinguals in the U.S. and other countries experience a change in language dominance from a home language to a majority…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Language Dominance, Native Language
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Rafiee, Marzieh; Abbasian-Naghneh, Salman – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2019
Since its introduction to the field of modern language instruction, willingness to communicate (WTC) attracted much attention from researchers and practitioners. Since then, a large and growing body of literature has investigated the factors influencing language learners' WTC. Among the factors identified, individual factors were found to have…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Fluency
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De Backer, Fauve; Slembrouck, Stef; Van Avermaet, Piet – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2019
A challenge in designing tests is ensuring fairness for all test takers. Pupils who are not yet sufficiently proficient in the language of schooling taking a test that was designed for native speakers is unfair, since they will not be able to demonstrate their true abilities (Abedi, J., and C. Lord. 2001. "The Language Factor in Mathematics…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Testing Accommodations, Mathematics Tests, Culture Fair Tests
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Nomura, Kazuyuki; Kataoka, Shin; Mochizuki, Takako – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2019
Fluent speakers of a target language choosing to enrol in beginner-level courses at tertiary institutes could be considered unfair. In this paper, however, based on data obtained from in-depth qualitative interviews with 12 students at a Hong Kong university, we show that fluent speakers of Japanese -- a widely-spoken foreign language in Hong Kong…
Descriptors: Language Fluency, Grade Point Average, Student Attitudes, College Students
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Huang, Wenhong; Feng, Dezheng – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2019
This paper examines the motivations of Chinese learners of Japanese across three different grades through Elicited Metaphor Analysis and semi-structured interview. Year 1, Year 2 and Year 3 Japanese majors (55 in total) in a Chinese university were asked to produce metaphors that reflected their motivations to learn Japanese. The metaphor data…
Descriptors: Japanese, Second Language Learning, Learning Motivation, Figurative Language