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ERIC Number: EJ1193984
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1931-5864
Refractive Error and Ocular Findings among Infants and Young Children with Severe Problem Behavior and Developmental Disabilities
Sauer, Theodor; Lawrence, Linda; Mayo-Ortega, Liliana; Oyama-Ganiko, Rosa; Schroeder, Stephen
Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v11 n4 p251-265 2018
The prevalence of refractive error and ocular disorders among infants and young children with severe behavioral problems and developmental disorders is not well defined, particularly in developing countries. We performed a retrospective review of ophthalmic examinations performed during a National Institutes of Health--funded cohort study of very young children in Peru with behavioral problems and at risk for developmental disorders. Two-hundred twenty-two children between the ages of 0 and 4 years (mean 2.2 ± 0.9 years) were examined and 100 (45.0%) had an abnormal ocular exam. Overall, the prevalence of refractive error was 33.3%, nystagmus was 12.2%, and strabismus was 10.9%. Among children with Down syndrome, refractive error ranged from 46.2% at age 2 to 85.7% at age 4. Refractive error and ocular disorders are highly prevalent even at a young age in children with behavioral problems and developmental disorders. Much of the visual impairment in this population is treatable; early identification and intervention can have a lifelong positive impact on neurodevelopment.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS), Fogarty International Center
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Peru
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Childhood Autism Rating Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD060500