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Journal of Learning…3361
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Wakeman, Holly N.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Olson, Richard K.; DeFries, John C.; Pennington, Bruce F.; Willcutt, Erik G. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
This study investigated the relationship between mathematics difficulties and psychopathology in a large community sample (N = 881) of youth (8-18 years of age) in the United States. The primary aims of the study were to (a) test the associations between mathematics difficulties and specific components of internalizing, externalizing, attention,…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Correlation, Learning Problems
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Mattison, Richard E.; Woods, Adrienne D.; Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
We examined to what extent subgroups of students identified with learning disabilities (LDs; N = 630) in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998 to 1999 (ECLS-K): 1998 national longitudinal study displayed heterogeneity in longitudinal profiles of reading and mathematics achievement from first to eighth grades.…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
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Bos, Samantha E.; Powell, Sarah R.; Maddox, Steven A.; Doabler, Christian T. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
In intervention studies, high rates of "implementation fidelity" are important markers of a study's success; however, the definition of implementation fidelity is both complex and dynamic. In this synthesis, we examined the dimensions of implementation fidelity measured and reported in 99 studies in which researchers utilized a…
Descriptors: Fidelity, Program Implementation, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention
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Wexler, Jade; Swanson, Elizabeth; Shelton, Alexandra; Kurz, Leigh Ann; Bray, Laura; Hogan, Erin – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
The adoption and sustainability of evidence-based Tier 1 literacy practices in secondary content-area classes is important to improve reading success for students with learning disabilities. We conducted an exploratory multiple-case study investigating teachers' adoption and sustained use of evidence-based Tier 1 literacy practices that benefit…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Literacy Education, Students with Disabilities, Program Implementation
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Piasta, Shayne B.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Zettler-Greeley, Cynthia M.; Bailet, Laura L.; Lewis, Kandia; Thomas, Leiah J. G. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Preschool-age children identified as at risk for later reading difficulties can benefit from supplemental, small-group emergent literacy intervention. As such interventions become commercially available and marketed to preschool programs, it is important to understand their impacts when implemented by intended end users under routine conditions.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Small Group Instruction, Literacy Education
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Haft, Stephanie L.; Greiner de Magalhães, Caroline; Hoeft, Fumiko – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Exposure to stigma and stereotype threat is detrimental for numerous marginalized groups. Research has demonstrated that individuals with specific learning disabilities (SLDs) are vulnerable to stigmatization. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the studies investigating associations between SLD-related stigma and stereotype…
Descriptors: Social Bias, Stereotypes, Learning Disabilities, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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King, Seth; Wang, Lanqi; Datchuk, Shawn M.; Rodgers, Derek B. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Learning disabilities (LD) may affect a range of academic skills but are most often observed in reading. Researchers and policymakers increasingly recommend addressing reading difficulties encountered by students with LD using evidence-based practices, or interventions validated through multiple, high-quality research studies. A valuable tool in…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Reading Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Academic Ability
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Graham, Steve; Collins, Alyson A.; Ciullo, Stephen – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Seventy-six general education and 67 special education teachers working in the same 66 elementary schools were surveyed about their beliefs about writing. Each teacher taught writing to one or more fourth-grade students receiving special education services, including students with learning disabilities. Survey findings indicated that general…
Descriptors: Special Education, General Education, Teachers, Regular and Special Education Relationship
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Morgan, Paul L.; Woods, Adrienne D.; Wang, Yangyang; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Mitchell, Cynthia – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Students with disabilities (SWD) who are Black or Hispanic have been reported to be more likely to be placed primarily outside of general education classrooms while attending U.S. schools. Federal law and regulation require monitoring of special education placement based on race or ethnicity. Yet, whether and to what extent racial or ethnic…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Special Education
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Tighe, Elizabeth L.; Kaldes, Gal; Talwar, Amani; Crossley, Scott A.; Greenberg, Daphne; Skalicky, Stephen – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Comprehension monitoring is a meta-cognitive skill that is defined as the ability to self-evaluate one's comprehension of text. Although it is known that struggling adult readers are poor at monitoring their comprehension, additional research is needed to understand the mechanisms underlying comprehension monitoring and their role in reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Adults, Reading Skills, Adult Literacy
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Philippakos, Zoi A. Traga; Wang, Chuang; MacArthur, Charles – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
The purpose of the study was to validate a writing motivation questionnaire that consists of four scales for first-year college writers--students with low writing skills in basic writing classes and students in typical first-year composition (FYC)--to investigate differences between these two groups and to examine the relationship of motivational…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Motivation, Writing (Composition), Freshman Composition
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Magliano, Joseph P.; Talwar, Amani; Feller, Daniel P.; Wang, Zuowei; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sabatini, John – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
There is a range of reasons why college students may be underprepared to read, but one possibility is that some college students are below a threshold of proficiency in the component skills of reading. The presence of thresholds means that when students fall below that threshold, their proficiency in that component skill of reading is not…
Descriptors: College Students, Reading Skills, Reading Achievement, Comprehension
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Choo, Ai Leen; Greenberg, Daphne; Li, Hongli; Talwar, Amani – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Stuttering is a disorder that affects about 1% of the population and manifests as speech disfluencies. Reading difficulties and disabilities are commonly found in this population. Nonetheless, speech disfluencies have not been explored in adult struggling readers (ASRs). In the current study, we examined the rate of stuttering in ASRs as well as…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Incidence, Adults, Reading Difficulties
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Seipel, Ben; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Clinton-Lisell, Virginia; Davison, Mark L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
As access to higher education increases, it is important to monitor students with special needs to facilitate the provision of appropriate resources and support. Although metrics such as the "reading readiness" ACT (formerly American College Testing) of provide insight into how many students may need such resources, they do not specify…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Reading Tests, Reading Comprehension
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Orosco, Michael J.; Reed, Deborah K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2023
Teacher preparation for problem-solving instruction is essential to meeting the math needs of English learners (ELs) with math learning disabilities (MLD) in U.S. public schools. In investigating this instruction with Hispanic ELs with MLD, this study focused on how professional development supported one special educator's implementation of…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Disabilities
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