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Journal of Learning…3225
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Child, Amanda E.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Disorders of reading, math, and attention frequently co-occur in children. However, it is not yet clear which cognitive factors contribute to comorbidities among multiple disorders and which uniquely relate to one, especially because they have rarely been studied as a triad. Thus, the present study considers how reading, math, and attention relate…
Descriptors: Attention, Short Term Memory, Predictor Variables, Phonological Awareness
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Spanoudis, George C.; Papadopoulos, Timothy C.; Spyrou, Spyroula – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Specific language impairment (SLI) and reading disability (RD) are familial, moderately heritable comorbid developmental disorders. The key deficit of SLI is oral language, whereas children with RD exhibit impairment in learning to read. The present study examines the possible co-occurrence of RD and SLI and the nature of this co-occurrence at a…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Reading Difficulties, Comorbidity, Foreign Countries
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Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Garrett J.; Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, Pat; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We examine the efficacy of an intervention to improve word reading and reading comprehension in fourth- and fifth-grade students with significant reading problems. Using a randomized control trial design, we compare the fourth- and fifth-grade reading outcomes of students with severe reading difficulties who were provided a researcher-developed…
Descriptors: Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Word Recognition, Reading Comprehension
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Williams, Kelly J.; Cho, Eunsoo; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This randomized control trial examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at improving multisyllabic word reading (MWR) skills among fourth- and fifth-grade struggling readers (n = 109, 48.6% male), as well as the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs training component. This study was a closely aligned replication of our earlier…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Skills, Syllables, Grade 4
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Sideridis, Georgios D.; Simos, Panagiotis; Mouzaki, Angeliki; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios; Georgiou, George K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to explain the moderating role of rapid automatized naming (RAN) in word reading with a cusp catastrophe model. We hypothesized that increases in RAN performance speed beyond a critical point would be associated with the disruption in word reading, consistent with a "generic shutdown" hypothesis.…
Descriptors: Naming, Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Reading Comprehension
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Aro, Tuija; Eklund, Kenneth; Eloranta, Anna-Kaija; Närhi, Vesa; Korhonen, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We studied the impact of diverse subtypes of learning disabilities (LD) on adult-age mental health, education, and employment by comparing the LD group (n = 430) with a matched control group without a known history of LD (n = 2,149). The clinical archived data were merged with lifelong register data on sickness allowances/disability pensions…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Adults, Mental Health, Educational Attainment
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Tejero, Pilar; Insa, Beatriz; Roca, Javier – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
A group of adult individuals with dyslexia and a matched group of normally reading individuals participated in a driving simulation experiment. Participants were asked to read the word presented on every direction traffic sign encountered along a route, as far as possible from the sign, maintaining driving performance. Word frequency and word…
Descriptors: Adults, Dyslexia, Simulated Environment, Traffic Safety
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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Students' explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 fourth-grade students at risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Theobald, Roddy J.; Goldhaber, Dan D.; Gratz, Trevor M.; Holden, Kristian L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We used longitudinal data from Washington State to investigate the relationships among career and technical education (CTE) enrollment, inclusion in general education, and high school and postsecondary outcomes for students with learning disabilities. We replicated earlier findings that students with learning disabilities who were enrolled in a…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Inclusion, Learning Disabilities, Enrollment
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Michel, Carine; Quercia, Patrick; Joubert, Lise – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
To better identify the distinctive characteristics of space representation in the radial dimension, we have proposed a new paradigm: the landmarks alignment task where two parallel aluminum bars were radially presented. Children had to move a landmark along one bar and place it at the same location as the reference landmark placed by the examiner…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Spatial Ability, Children, Dyslexia
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Toffalini, Enrico; Marsura, Mara; Garcia, Ricardo Basso; Cornoldi, Cesare – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Successful reading demands the ability to combine visual-phonological information into a single representation and is associated with an efficient short-term memory. Reading disability may consequently involve an impaired working memory binding of visual and phonological information. The present study proposes two span tasks for assessing…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Reading Difficulties, Dyslexia, Associative Learning
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Waber, Deborah P.; Boiselle, Ellen C.; Forbes, Peter W.; Girard, Jonathan M.; Sideridis, Georgios D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Learning problems (LP) can have wider implications than the academic deficits per se. The goal of the present series of studies was to develop a reliable and valid quality-of-life measure targeted to children and adolescents with LP. In Study 1, using a 35-item questionnaire, we surveyed 151 parents/guardians of children referred for assessment of…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Children, Adolescents, Learning Problems
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Vaughn, Sharon; Fall, Anna-Mária; Roberts, Greg; Wanzek, Jeanne; Swanson, Elizabeth; Martinez, Leticia R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We examined the efficacy of a content acquisition and reading comprehension intervention implemented in eighth-grade social studies classrooms. Using a within-teacher randomized control design, 18 eighth-grade teachers' social studies classes were randomly assigned to a treatment or comparison condition. Teachers taught all their classes…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Grade 8, Social Studies
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Doabler, Christian T.; Clarke, Ben; Kosty, Derek; Kurtz-Nelson, Evangeline; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Baker, Scott K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Group size and treatment intensity are understudied topics in mathematics intervention research. This study examined whether the treatment intensity and overall intervention effects of an empirically validated Tier 2 mathematics intervention varied between intervention groups with 2:1 and 5:1 student-teacher ratios. Student practice opportunities…
Descriptors: Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems
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Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A.; Taylor, Jeanette – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
A risk to develop a learning disability has been shown to run in families. Having a positive family history of learning disability seems to account for mean differences in achievement outcomes (reading, math) in that children with a positive family history score significantly lower compared to their peers with no such family history. However, the…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education
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