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Makoni, Sinfree; Makoni, Busi; Rosenberg, Aaron – Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 2010
Language-in-education policy in Africa is replete with debate regarding the use of standard African languages as part of mother-tongue education. An issue inadequately addressed within this debate is the role and function of urban vernaculars which have become "the" mother tongue of the greater part of Africa's population. Using data…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, African Languages, Music, Foreign Countries
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Pennycook, Alastair; Makoni, Sinfree – Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 2005
Christian missionaries have played a crucial role not only in assisting past and current forms of colonialism and neocolonialism, not only in attacking and destroying other ways of being, but also in terms of the language effects their projects have engendered. The choices missionaries have made to use local or European languages have been far…
Descriptors: Christianity, Language Teachers, English (Second Language), Bilingualism