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Biesmans, K. E.; Aken, L.; Frunt, E. M. J.; Wingbermühle, P. A. M.; Egger, J. I. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Assessment of intelligence and executive function (EF) is common in complex neuropsychiatric practice. Although previous studies have shown that EF and intelligence are related, it is unknown whether these constructs relate to one another in a similar manner across different ability groups (mild intellectual disability, borderline…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Executive Function, Psychiatry, Correlation
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Hassan, N. M.; Landorf, K. B.; Shields, N.; Munteanu, S. E. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) often do not meet recommended guidelines for physical activity. The aim of this study was to systematically review available evidence that evaluated the effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity in individuals with ID. Method: Five electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL,…
Descriptors: Intervention, Physical Activity Level, Intellectual Disability, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Fidler, D. J.; Schworer, E.; Will, E. A.; Patel, L.; Daunhauer, L. A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: While delays in cognitive development are detectable during early development in Down syndrome, the neuropsychological and biomedical underpinnings of cognitive skill acquisition in this population remain poorly understood. Method: To explore this issue, 38 infants with Down syndrome [mean chronological age = 9.65 months; SD = 3.64]…
Descriptors: Correlation, Infants, Down Syndrome, Cognitive Development
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Schworer, E.; Fidler, D. J.; Lunkenheimer, E.; Daunhauer, L. A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Parenting behaviours influence many domains of child development, and recent work has demonstrated the specific effects of parenting on the development of executive function (EF) abilities. The relationship between parent-child interaction patterns and EF has been examined in typically developing (TD) children but has not yet been…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Executive Function, Down Syndrome, Young Children
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Chen, C.-C.; Ringenbach, S. D. R. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: The high prevalence of cognitive dysfunction is well documented in individuals with Down syndrome. However, only a few studies have focused on the effect of exercise on cognitive performance in this population. In particular, verbal fluency has been shown to be relevant to the early onset of Alzheimer's disease in individuals with Down…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Young Adults, Down Syndrome, Cognitive Processes
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Hetzroni, O. E.; Hessler, M.; Shalahevich, K. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Systematicity principle, used during analogical reasoning, enables building up deeper abstract concepts as part of structure mapping. The purpose of this study was to investigate structure mapping processes that occur during acquisition of new relational categories and to identify the learning patterns and systematicity of children…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Martínez-Aldao, D.; Martínez-Lemos, I.; Bouzas-Rico, S.; Ayán-Pérez, C. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2019
Background: Research regarding the feasibility and effects of dancing and exercise with musical support programmes on the physical fitness of adults with intellectual disability (ID) is scarce. The purpose of this study was to provide scientific evidence regarding the feasibility of a training programme consisting of dancing and exercise with…
Descriptors: Dance, Exercise, Music, Adults
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Hamzaid, N. H.; Flood, V. M.; Prvan, T.; O'Connor, H. T. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Good nutrition knowledge among carers of people with intellectual disability (ID) living in group homes is essential as they have a primary role in food provision for residents. Research on the nutrition knowledge of carers is limited. Method: This cross-sectional study assessed the level of general nutrition knowledge in a convenience…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Caregivers, Group Homes, Intellectual Disability
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Ncube, B. L.; Perry, A.; Weiss, J. A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Research examining the quality of life (QoL) of children with severe developmental disabilities (SDD) is limited. The present study examines parent perceptions of child QoL in children with SDD compared with typically developing (TD) children and then examines predictors of QoL for the SDD group. Method: Parents of 246 children with…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, Children, Quality of Life
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Capio, C. M.; Mak, T. C. T.; Tse, M. A.; Masters, R. S. W. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Children, Psychomotor Skills, Physical Disabilities
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Boström, P.; Åsberg Johnels, J.; Broberg, M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: The Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire was developed to assess subjective wellbeing in young persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) as this perspective is rarely included in research. The present study explored how ID/DD and gender are related to self-reported wellbeing among adolescents. Method:…
Descriptors: Well Being, Gender Differences, Intellectual Disability, Peer Relationship
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Esbensen, A. J.; Hoffman, E. K.; Beebe, D. W.; Byars, K. C.; Epstein, J. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: In the general population, sleep problems have an impact on daytime performance. Despite sleep problems being common among children with Down syndrome, the impact of sleep problems on daytime behaviours in school-age children with Down syndrome is an understudied topic. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Sleep, Behavior Problems, Prediction
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Cho, M.; Rodger, S.; Copley, J.; Chien, C. -W. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Children with developmental disabilities (DD) may experience limited participation in school activities. Little is known about whether school participation of children with DD who attend special schools is impacted. This study specifically focused on physical engagement in school-related activities that require hand use for the…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Student Participation, School Activities, Special Schools
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Esbensen, A. J.; Hoffman, E. K. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Sleep problems have an impact on executive functioning in the general population. While children with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for sleep problems, the impact of these sleep problems on executive functioning in school-age children with DS is less well documented. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and…
Descriptors: Sleep, Executive Function, Down Syndrome, At Risk Students
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Kersten, M. C. O.; Taminiau, E. F.; Schuurman, M. I. M.; Weggeman, M. C. D. P.; Embregts, P. J. C. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: To optimise care and support for people with intellectual disabilities (ID), sharing and application of knowledge is a precondition. In healthcare in general, there is a body of knowledge on bridging the 'know-do-gap'. However, it is not known to what extent the identified barriers and facilitators to knowledge sharing and application…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Caring, Sharing Behavior, Journal Articles
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