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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,017 results Save | Export
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Hamzaid, N. H.; Flood, V. M.; Prvan, T.; O'Connor, H. T. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Good nutrition knowledge among carers of people with intellectual disability (ID) living in group homes is essential as they have a primary role in food provision for residents. Research on the nutrition knowledge of carers is limited. Method: This cross-sectional study assessed the level of general nutrition knowledge in a convenience…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Caregivers, Group Homes, Intellectual Disability
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Ncube, B. L.; Perry, A.; Weiss, J. A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Research examining the quality of life (QoL) of children with severe developmental disabilities (SDD) is limited. The present study examines parent perceptions of child QoL in children with SDD compared with typically developing (TD) children and then examines predictors of QoL for the SDD group. Method: Parents of 246 children with…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, Children, Quality of Life
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Capio, C. M.; Mak, T. C. T.; Tse, M. A.; Masters, R. S. W. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Children, Psychomotor Skills, Physical Disabilities
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Majerus, S.; Barisnikov, K. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity has been considered to support vocabulary learning in typical children and adults, but evidence for this link is inconsistent for studies in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The aim of this study was explore the role of processing demands on the association between verbal STM and vocabulary…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Down Syndrome, Receptive Language, Expressive Language
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Toffalini, E.; Meneghetti, C.; Carretti, B.; Lanfranchi, S. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Spatial knowledge about an environment is an important determinant of ability to move effectively within it and of personal autonomy. Individuals with Down's syndrome (DS) have difficulty managing configural visuospatial information. Method: Twenty-nine individuals with DS and 29 typically developing (TD) children, matched for mental…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Spatial Ability, Maps, Electronic Learning
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Rombouts, E.; Maes, B.; Zink, I. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Staff may encourage individuals with intellectual disabilities to use manual signs by modelling its use, but implementing key word signing during daily activities can be demanding. Method: Staff's use of manual signs was observed in four special schools and four day centres for adults with intellectual disabilities during communicative…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Special Schools, Day Programs, Adults
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Boström, P.; Åsberg Johnels, J.; Broberg, M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: The Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire was developed to assess subjective wellbeing in young persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) as this perspective is rarely included in research. The present study explored how ID/DD and gender are related to self-reported wellbeing among adolescents. Method:…
Descriptors: Well Being, Gender Differences, Intellectual Disability, Peer Relationship
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Esbensen, A. J.; Hoffman, E. K.; Beebe, D. W.; Byars, K. C.; Epstein, J. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: In the general population, sleep problems have an impact on daytime performance. Despite sleep problems being common among children with Down syndrome, the impact of sleep problems on daytime behaviours in school-age children with Down syndrome is an understudied topic. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Sleep, Behavior Problems, Prediction
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Cho, M.; Rodger, S.; Copley, J.; Chien, C. -W. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Children with developmental disabilities (DD) may experience limited participation in school activities. Little is known about whether school participation of children with DD who attend special schools is impacted. This study specifically focused on physical engagement in school-related activities that require hand use for the…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Student Participation, School Activities, Special Schools
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Costa, H. M.; Nicholson, B.; Donlan, C.; Van Herwegen, J. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Different domain-specific and domain-general cognitive precursors play a key role in the development of mathematical abilities. The contribution of these domains to mathematical ability changes during development. Primary school-aged children who show mathematical difficulties form a heterogeneous group, but it is not clear whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills, Low Achievement, Multivariate Analysis
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Esbensen, A. J.; Hoffman, E. K. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Sleep problems have an impact on executive functioning in the general population. While children with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for sleep problems, the impact of these sleep problems on executive functioning in school-age children with DS is less well documented. Our study examined the relationship between parent-reported and…
Descriptors: Sleep, Executive Function, Down Syndrome, At Risk Students
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Kersten, M. C. O.; Taminiau, E. F.; Schuurman, M. I. M.; Weggeman, M. C. D. P.; Embregts, P. J. C. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: To optimise care and support for people with intellectual disabilities (ID), sharing and application of knowledge is a precondition. In healthcare in general, there is a body of knowledge on bridging the 'know-do-gap'. However, it is not known to what extent the identified barriers and facilitators to knowledge sharing and application…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Caring, Sharing Behavior, Journal Articles
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Roberts, L.; Richmond, J. L. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Episodic memory deficits are a characteristic of cognitive dysfunction in people with Down syndrome (DS). However, less is known about the processes (i.e. encoding, retention or using learned information flexibly) that underlie these deficits. Method: We explored these abilities by administering a relational memory and inference task…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Processes, Adults, Down Syndrome
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Cupples, L.; Ching, T. Y. C.; Leigh, G.; Martin, L.; Gunnourie, M.; Button, L.; Marnane, V.; Hou, S.; Zhang, V.; Flynn, C.; Van Buynder, P. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). Method: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Disabilities
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Qian, X. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: This study aimed to examine whether verbal responsiveness in special education teachers varied among subgroups of children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 112) who differed in cognitive and language abilities. Methods: Participants were divided into clusters using cluster analysis based on standardised cognitive and language tests…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Verbal Communication, Children, Autism
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